Chile, Peru, and Bolivia were, according to a League of Nations report, the countries worst-hit by the Great Depression. The rise of fascism also became apparent in Latin American countries in the 1930s due to the Great Depression. Fascist governments were the result of a desire for nationalism, which rulers like Getúlio Vargas of Brazil played on through propaganda. Haiti, for its part, came out of the Great Depression as an independent country after the US pulled out their troops in 1936.
In Brazil and in other Latin American countries such as Mexico, responses to the Great Depression also led to a strengthening of the industrialization process (begun in the nineteenth century). Brazil needed an economic alternative to the highly devalued coffee, its main commodity at the time. The Vargas government started to purchase and burn coffee from the farmers, in order to avoid their complete bankruptcy.
- Paulo Drinot and Alan Knight. The Great Depression in Latin America (2014)
- Rosemary Thorp, Latin America in the 1930s: the role of the periphery in world crisis (Palgrave Macmillan, 2000)
- Drinot, Paulo, and Alan Knight (2014): The Great Depression in Latin America. Duke University Press Books. ISBN 978-0822357384.
- Skidmore, T. E.. and P. H. Smith. Modern Latin America (6th ed. 2005)
- Paolera, Gerardo della, and Alan M. Taylor. "Economic recovery from the Argentine great depression: Institutions, expectations, and the change of macroeconomic regime." The Journal of Economic History (1999) 59#3 pp: 567-599.
- Thorp, Rosemary. Latin America in the 1930s: the role of the periphery in world crisis (Palgrave Macmillan, 2000)
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