The Government of Uttar Pradesh is a democratically elected state government in the North Indian state of Uttar Pradesh with the governor as its appointed constitutional head of the state by the President of India. The Governor of Uttar Pradesh is appointed for a period of five years and appoints the chief minister and his or her council of ministers, who are vested with the executive powers of the state. The governor remains a ceremonial head of the state, while the chief minister and his or her council are responsible for day-to-day government functions. The state of Uttar Pradesh's influence on Indian politics is important, and often paramount and/or a bellwether, as it sends the largest number of members of parliament to both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, the state's population being more than 200 million; approximately double that of the next-most populous state.
The state is governed by a parliamentary system of representative democracy. Uttar Pradesh is one of the seven states in India, where the state legislature is bicameral, comprising two houses: the Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) and the Vidhan Parishad (legislative council). The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly consists of 404 members who are elected for five-year terms. The Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council is a permanent body of 100 members with one-third (33 members) retiring every two years. Since Uttar Pradesh sends the largest number of legislators to the national Parliament, it is often considered to be one of the most important states with respect to Indian politics. The state contributes 80 seats to the lower house of the Parliament of India, the Lok Sabha and 31 seats to the upper house, the Rajya Sabha.
The government is headed by the governor who appoints the chief minister and his or her council of ministers. The governor is appointed for a period of five years and acts as the constitutional head of the state. The governor remains the ceremonial head of the state with the day-to-day running of the government is taken care of by the chief minister and his or her council of ministers in whom a great deal of legislative powers is vested.
The council of ministers consists of cabinet ministers and ministers of state. The Secretariat headed by the chief secretary assists the council of ministers. The chief secretary is also the administrative head of the government.
Each government department is headed by a Minister, who is assisted by an additional chief secretary or a principal secretary, who usually is an officer of Indian Administrative Service, the additional chief secretary or principal secretary serves as the administrative head of the department they are assigned to. Each department also has officers of the rank of secretary, special secretary, joint secretary etc. assisting the minister and the additional chief secretary or principal secretary.
Council of ministers
|S.No.||Name of Minister||Rank||Portfolio|
|1.||Yogi Adityanath||Chief minister||Appointment and Personnel, Home and Confidential, Housing and Urban Planning, Revenue, Food and logistics, Civil Supplies, Food Safety and Drug Administration, Economics and Statistics, Mining and Minerals, Flood Control, Tax Registration, Jail, General Administration, Secretariat Administration, Vigilance, Information, Electoral, Institutional Finance, Planning, State Property, Town Land, Uttar Pradesh Restructuring Coordination, Administrative Reform, Program Implementation, National Integration, Infrastructure, Language, External Aided Project, Scarcity, Relief and Rehabilitation, Public Service Management, Rent Control, Consumer Protection and Weights and Measures|
|2.||Keshav Prasad Maurya||Deputy chief minister||Public Works, Food Processing, Entertainment Tax and Public Enterprise|
|3.||Dinesh Sharma||Deputy chief minister||Secondary Education, Higher Education, Science and Technology, Electronics and IT|
|4.||Rita Bahuguna Joshi||Cabinet minister||Women Welfare, Family Welfare, Maternity and Child Welfare and Tourism|
|5.||Siddharth Nath Singh||Health|
|6.||Chetan Chauhan||Sports and Youth Affairs|
|8.||Swami Prasad Maurya||Labour, Service planning, Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation|
|9.||Satish Mahana||Industrial development|
|10.||Suresh Khanna||Parliamentary Affairs and Urban Development|
|11.||Laxmi Narayan Chaudhary||Dairy Development, Religious Works and Culture and Minority Welfare|
|12.||SP Singh Baghel||Livestock, Minor Irrigation and Fishery|
|14.||Dharmpal Singh||Irrigation and Irrigation (Mechanical)|
|15.||Ashutosh Tandon||Basic Education and Medical Education|
|16.||Brijesh Pathak||Law and Justice, Additional Energy Resources and Political Pension|
|17.||Mukut Bihari Verma||Cooperative|
|18.||Ramapati Shastri||Social Welfare|
|19.||Satyadev Pachauri||Khadi, Rural industry, Textiles, Small and medium enterprises and exports|
|20.||Jai Pratap Singh||Excise and Liquor prohibition|
|21.||Surya Pratap Shahi||Agriculture|
|22.||Dara Singh Chauhan||Forest and Environment and Zoo|
|23.||Rajendra Pratap Singh||Rural Electricity Service|
|24.||Nand Kumar Nandi||Stamp and Court rates and Civil Aviation|
|25.||Om Prakash Rajbhar||Backward Classes Welfare and Disabled People development|
|Ministers of state (MOS) (independent charge)|
|26.||Anupma Jaiswal||State minister (independent charge)||Basic Education, Child Development and Neutrition, Revenue (MoS) and Finance (MoS)|
|27.||Suresh Rana||Sugarcane Development, Sugar Mills and Industrial Development (MoS)|
|28.||Upendra Tiwari||Water Supply, Land Development and Water Resources, Waste Land Development, Forest, Environment, Zoological Garden, Horticulture and Cooperative (MoS)|
|29.||Mahendra Singh||Rural Development, Overall Village Development and Medical and Health (MoS)|
|30.||Swatantradev Singh||Transport, Protocol, Energy (MoS)|
|31.||Bhupendra Singh Choudhary||Panchayati Raj and Public Works Department (MoS)|
|32.||Dharam Singh Saini||Ayush, Scarcity and Relief and Rehabilitation (MoS)|
|33.||Anil Rajbhar||Sainik Welfare, Food Processing (MoS), Home Guards, PRD and Civil Protection|
|34.||Swati Singh||N.R.I., Flood Control, Agricultural Exports, Agricultural Marketing, Agricultural Foreign Trade, Women's Welfare, Family Welfare and Mother and Child Welfare (MoS)|
|Ministers of state|
|35.||Gulabo Devi||State minister||Social Welfare, Scheduled Castes and Tribal Welfare|
|36.||Jai Prakash Nishad||Animal Husbandry and Fishery, State Property and Urban land|
|37,||Archana Pandey||Mining and Minerals, Excise and Prohibition|
|38.||Jai Kumar Singh Jaiki||Jail and Public Service Management|
|39.||Atul Garg||Food and Logistics, Civil Supplies, Rent Control, Consumer Protection, Weights and Measures and Food Safety and Drug Administration|
|40.||Ranvendra Pratap Singh (Dhunni Singh)||Agriculture, Agriculture Education and Agriculture Research|
|41.||Neelkanth Tiwari||Legislative and Justice, Information and Sports and Youth Welfare|
|42.||Mohsin Raza||Science and Technology, Electronics, Information Technology, Muslim Waqf and Haj|
|43.||Girish Chandra Yadav||Urban Development, Scarcity and Relief and rehabilitation|
|44.||Baldev Aulakh||Minority Welfare, Irrigation and Irrigation (Mechanical)|
|45.||Manoharlal Mannu Kori||Labour and Employment|
|46.||Sandeep Singh||Primary Education, Secondary Education, Higher Education, Technical Education and Medical Education|
|47.||Suresh Passi||Housing and Urban Planning, Vocational Education and Skilled Development|
The judiciary in the state consists of the Allahabad High Court in Allahabad, the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court, district courts and session courts in each district or Sessions Division, and lower courts at the tehsil level. The President of India appoints the chief justice of the High Court of the Uttar Pradesh judiciary on the advice of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India as well as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. Other judges are appointed by the President of India on the advice of the Chief Justice of the High Court. Subordinate Judicial Service, categorized into two divisions viz. Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services and Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service is another vital part of the judiciary of Uttar Pradesh. While the Uttar Pradesh civil judicial services comprise the Civil Judges (Junior Division)/Judicial Magistrates and civil judges (Senior Division)/Chief Judicial Magistrate, the Uttar Pradesh higher judicial service comprises civil and sessions judges. The Subordinate Judicial Service (viz. The district court of Etawah and the district court of Kanpur Dehat) of the judiciary at Uttar Pradesh is controlled by the District Judge.
The Indian state of Uttar Pradesh is made up of 75 administrative districts, that are grouped into 18 divisions. Each division consists of 3-7 districts. A divisional commissioner, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is responsible for heading the administration of a division, the Divisional Commissioner is also responsible for the collection of revenue and maintenance of law and order in his or her division.
There are also eight police zones and eighteen police ranges in the state. Each zone consists of 2-3 ranges and is headed by an additional director general-ranked officer of the Indian Police Service (IPS). Whereas a range consists of three to four districts and is headed by an inspector general-ranked or a deputy inspector general-ranked IPS officer.
A district of an Indian state is an administrative geographical unit, headed by a district magistrate and collector (DM), an IAS officer. The district magistrate is responsible for coordinating the work between various departments in the district, is responsible for law and order in the district and is also given the power of an executive magistrate. The DM is assisted by a number of officers belonging to the Provincial Civil Service and other state services.
A senior superintendent of police or superintendent of police, a gazetted officer (PPS or IPS in case of SP and IPS in case of SSP) of Uttar Pradesh Cadre, is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of the district. He or she is assisted by other junior to SSP/SP rank IPS and PPS gazetted officers in addition to Uttar Pradesh Police non-gazetted officials.
A divisional forest officer, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, in the rank of deputy conservator of forests, is responsible for managing the forests, the environment, and wildlife-related issues of the district with the assistance of the Uttar Pradesh Forest Service.
Sectoral development is looked after by the district head of each development department such as public works, health, education, agriculture, animal husbandry, etc. These officers belong to the various state services. These officers have to report to the DM of the district.
Uttar Pradesh politics is dominated by the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Samajwadi Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) as the third major party. The Bharatiya Janata Party occupies the current government headed by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath.
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