New Delhi, an urban area in Delhi Union Territory, is the seat of the State Government of Delhi and the Government of India, as well as the city or local governments as per the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act.
Union Territories are governed by the Union Government. There are a few exceptions, such as Delhi, Puducherry, and erstwhile Jammu and Kashmir which also have a state government.
The Municipal Corporation of Delhi was trifurcated into three bodies, the North Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC), the South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) and the East Delhi Municipal Corporation (EDMC) in 2012. This is why Delhi now has three mayors.
The Delhi Cantonment Board is also a municipality that has jurisdiction in the city, since cantonment boards are municipalities as per the Cantonment Board Act 2006 and are under control of the Ministry of Defence.
The Chief Minister and Governor are the heads of the State Government. The state government consists of the legislative wing, i.e. the present Legislative Assembly of Delhi, which is unicameral, consisting of 70 members of the legislative assembly (MLA).
The Legislative Assembly of Delhi was first constituted on 17 March 1952 under the Government of Part C States Act, 1951, but it was abolished on 1 October 1956. Its legislative assembly was re-established in the year of 1993, after the Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991 came into force, followed by the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991 the Sixty-ninth Amendment to the Constitution of India, declared the Union Territory of Delhi to be formally known as National Capital Territory of Delhi.
The first Chief Minister (CM) of Delhi was Ch. Braham Prakash (INC) and the first woman CM was Sushma Swaraj of BJP. Sheila Dikshit (INC) has been the CM for the maximum times (three) and oversaw immense development of the city during her tenure. New Delhi owes much of its growth to her tenure. Delhi also saw major scams perpetrated under Sheila Dikshit's watch.BJP lists scams perpetrated under Dikshit government Guru Radha Kishan (CPI) had the rare distinction of representing his constituency in MCD (DMC initially) for most years continuously by an individual and Ch. Prem Singh (INC) has won the maximum elections for different civic bodies in Delhi.
As per article 239AA of Indian Constitution, the number of Ministers cannot exceed ten percent of Delhi assembly seats. Therefore, there can be a maximum of 7 Ministers(10% of 70 Delhi assembly seats)
|#||Term Start||Term End||Name||Departments and portfolios|
|01||14 February 2015||Incumbent||Arvind Kejriwal||Chief Minister, water|
|02||14 February 2015||Incumbent||Manish Sisodia||
Deputy Chief Minister, Tourism, Education, Finance, Planning, Land & Building, Vigilance, Services, Women & Child, Art, Culture & Languages And all other departments not specifically assigned to any ministers
|03||14 February 2015||Incumbent||Satyendra Kumar Jain||
Health, Industries, Public Works Department, Power, Home, Urban Development
|04||14 February 2015||Incumbent||Gopal Rai||
Employment, Development, Labour, General Administration Department, Irrigation & Flood Control
|05||14 February 2015||Incumbent||Imran Hussain||
Food and Supply, Election
|06||14 February 2015||Incumbent||Rajendra Pal Gautam||
Gurudwara Elections, Water, SC & ST, Social Welfare, Cooperative
|07||14 February 2015||Incumbent||Kailash Gahlot||
Administrative Reforms, Information & Technology, Law, Justice & Legislative Affairs, Transport, Revenue, Forest & Wildlife, Environment
The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi is appointed by the President of India., as agent of President and not head of state like governor, on the advice of the Central government. This state government is called the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (Government of NCT of Delhi or simply Government of Delhi). It consists of an executive, led by the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi, a judiciary and a legislature.
Central versus State
The Supreme Court of India in Government of NCT of Delhi v. Union of India ruled that according to the Article 239AA of the Indian constitution, that although the government had to keep him/her informed of its decisions, Delhi's lieutenant governor did not have any independent decision-making powers and had to follow the "aid and advice" of the chief minister-led council of ministers of the Government of Delhi on matters which the Delhi Legislative Assembly could legislate on, viz., all items on the State List (items on which only state legislatures can legislate) and the Concurrent List (items on which both the Parliament of India and the state legislatures can legislate) barring 'police, 'public order' and 'land'. The court added that on matters referred to him/her, the LG was bound to follow the orders of the president.
The Delhi High Court has jurisdiction over Delhi, which also has two lower courts: the Small Causes Court for civil cases, and the Sessions Court for criminal cases. Unlike other states in India, the Delhi Police reports to the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India and not the state government. Headed by the Police Commissioner, it is one of the largest metropolitan police forces in the world. The headquarters of Delhi Police are located Jai Singh Marg, Connaught Place, New Delhi.
- First Legislative Assembly of Delhi
- Second Legislative Assembly of Delhi
- Third Legislative Assembly of Delhi
- Fourth Legislative Assembly of Delhi
- Fifth Legislative Assembly of Delhi
- Sixth Legislative Assembly of Delhi
- Seventh Legislative Assembly of Delhi
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