Adelaide, South Australia
|Population||1,441 (2016 census)|
|Location||2 km (1 mi) from Adelaide GPO|
|LGA(s)||Town of Walkerville|
Gilberton (formerly Gilbert Town) is an inner northern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia on the northern bank of the River Torrens a short distance from Adelaide’s city centre. It is bounded by the river, Park terrace, Stephen Terrace and Northcote Terrace. The suburb is largely residential with some large and ornate Victorian homes and approximately 2 kilometres (1 mi) of the Torrens Linear Park as its southern boundary. The large homes in the suburb's northern section give it a historic character that is protected by Government planning regulations.
The area of Gilberton was first purchased in 1839 by a Richard Blundell as "Section 475" of the survey of Adelaide. Blundell, who lived in England, was declared bankrupt later that year and the section subsequently sold by his creditors. Joseph Gilbert of Pewsey Vale winery fame, purchased the 134 acres (54.2 ha) section for £600/5s in 1846, naming it "Gilbert Town" and in 1852 dividing into 43 lots for sale or lease. Early activities in the area included a brickworks, farms and gardens and an abattoir. By 1847 the southern part of the town was planned, the plan completed by 1871 and extensive housing completed by the 1890s.
The suburb is largely flat from the river north to Walkerville Terrace, then slopes upwards to its northern extent. Due to the elevation of views from the northern section, this land attracted wealthier purchasers. Some of their ornate Victorian homes, sited on large grounds, remain today. At a large bend in the River, the location of the today’s St Peters river park, gravel extraction, sand washing and landfill have all been commercial activities. Sand washing was replaced by a dump in 1961, leading to complaints from the neighbouring suburb of St Peters about fumes from the burning rubbish. After the land was purchased by St Peters the bend was straightened and the dump reclaimed.
Gilberton Bathing Reserve
A section of the River Torrens, retained by weirs, was the home of the Gilberton Swimming Club, founded 1915, and where many local children learned to swim.
Arguably the most notable event to be held here was the Australian Swimming Championships, held between 17 and 24 February 1923, when many thousands of spectators lined the western bank. The area was still in use for informal swimming in the 1950s then closed due to the presence of the bacteria E coli. Many relics of the Swimming Club era remain, including the fine Memorial Arch, which was erected in 1936 to honour the contribution to the Club of Percy Frank Jervis (1870 – 13 January 1947).
The nearby pedestrian suspension "swing" bridge linking Severn Street, Gilberton with Swing Bridge Lane, St Peters, was erected by Charles Francis Muller for Frank Woolley (1861-1941), a large landholder, in 1920. It was in 2017 rebuilt to modern safety standards as a joint project of the Town of Walkerville and the City of Norwood Payneham & St Peters, and opened in February 2018. It is in regular use by locals and is of interest to visitors. The original anchoring structures, which are of historic and architectural interest, have been preserved. The Torrens Linear Park runs nearby.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Gilberton (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
- Lewis J (1988,p.33-34) shows a plan for the southern section of the suburb dated 1847 and a complete 1871 town plan but does not note an establishment date.
- "Development Act 1993, Walkerville (CT)" (PDF). 15 February 2007. p. 54. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
- Lewis, John (1988). The Walkerville Story, 150 years. Walkerville, South Australia: The corporation of the town of Walkerville. pp. 32–35. ISBN 0-7316-3067-X.
- "Swimming". The Register (Adelaide). LXXX (21, 305). South Australia. 22 February 1915. p. 9. Retrieved 2 March 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Swimming". The Register (Adelaide). LXXXVIII (25, 636). South Australia. 26 February 1923. p. 5. Retrieved 2 March 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Carnival at Gilberton Today". The Advertiser (Adelaide). South Australia. 7 March 1936. p. 20. Retrieved 2 March 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Death Of Mr. Percy Jervis". The Advertiser (Adelaide). South Australia. 14 January 1947. p. 6. Retrieved 2 March 2018 – via National Library of Australia.