Gilbert John Heathcote, 1st Baron Aveland (16 January 1795 – 6 September 1867), known as Sir Gilbert John Heathcote, 5th Baronet from 1851 to 1856, of Stocken Hall, Rutland, was a British peer and Whig politician.
Born at Normanton Hall, he was the eldest son of Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 4th Baronet and his first wife Katherine Sophia Manners, fourth daughter of John Manners. Heathcote was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1851, he succeeded his father as baronet and to his large estates in Rutland.
In 1820 he was elected to Parliament for Boston, a seat he held until 1830, and again from 1831 to 1832. He later represented Lincolnshire South from 1832 to 1841 and Rutland from 1841 to 1856. Olney describes him as "lukewarm in politics", with the "South Lincolnshire Liberals [finding] it hard to do anything with him, but equally hard to act without him." In 1856 Heathcote was raised to the peerage as Baron Aveland, of Aveland in the County of Lincoln. Having been previously a Deputy Lieutenant for Lancashire and Rutland, he later served as Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire from 1862 to 1867. As Lord Lieutenant his duties included the appointment, from advised candidates, of county magistrates, in which he was considered socially conservative being reluctant to appoint those not considered of suitable social standing, however respectable. In 1866 he expressed opposition to the 1867–passed Reform Act designed to widen franchise. Heathcote was appointed honorary colonel of the South Lincoln Militia in 1857.
He married Clementina Drummond-Willoughby, 24th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby, eldest daughter of Peter Drummond-Burrell, 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby, in 1827. Heathcote died in September 1867, aged 72, and was succeeded by his son Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, who later also succeeded his mother in the barony of Willoughby de Eresby in 1888 and was created Earl of Ancaster in 1892.
- "HEATHCOTE, Gilbert John (1795-1867), of Stocken Hall, Rutland". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. pp. 97–98.
- "Heathcote, Gilbert John (HTCT814GJ)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Olney R. J. (1973); Lincolnshire Politics 1832-1885, Oxford University Press, p.19. ISBN 0198218486
- Olney R. J. (1979); Rural Society and County Government in Nineteenth Century Lincolnshire, Society of Lincolnshire History and Archaeology, pp.23, 103, 154. ISBN 0902668099
- Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Gilbert Heathcote