|Founded||1920 (Gold Coast), 1957, 2019|
|President||Kurt Edwin Simeon-Okraku|
The Ghana Football Association (GFA) is the governing body of association football in Ghana, based in Accra. Founded in 1957, the association was dissolved with "immediate effect", according to Minister of Sport, Isaac Kwame Asiamah, on 7 June 2018, after the uncovering of a corruption scandal. In October 2019, a new president, Kurt Okraku, was elected and the association reconvened upon the completion of the work of the FIFA Normalization Committee. Mark Addo was elected vice president in November 2019.
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Gold Coast Football Association
The Ghana Football Association (GFA) is the successor to the Gold Coast Football Association, which used to be the governing body for football in Ghana and was one of the oldest football associations in Africa, having been founded in 1920. Records indicate that Cape Coast and Accra were the first colonial cities in sub-Saharan Africa to host formal leagues in the Gold Coast. After a weak start in 1915, the league kicked off in 1922 with the Accra Hearts of Oak Sporting Club emerging as winners, taking the coveted Guggisberg shield – named after the progressive British governor of that period and the man who started the Accra Football League, Sir Gordon Guggisberg.
Football was brought to the Gold Coast near the end of the 19th century by merchants from Europe, who had by then conquered the coastal areas and built forts and castles to facilitate trade. In their leisure time, the sailors would play football among themselves and with the indigenous people.
The popularity of the game spread quickly along the coast, culminating in the formation of the first football club, Excelsior, in 1903 by Mr. Briton, a Jamaican-born British citizen who was the then Head Teacher of Philip Quaque Government Boys School in Cape Coast. As the popularity of the game grew, other amateur clubs were formed along the coast, including: Accra Hearts of Oak, Accra Standfast, Cape Coast Venomous Vipers, Cape Coast Mysterious Dwarfs, Sekondi Hasaacas, and Sekondi Eleven Wise.
The Gold Coast Amateur Football Association
In 1952, the Government of the Gold Coast enacted Ordinance 14, which established the Gold Coast Amateur Sports Council, and granted the Government of the Gold Coast the legal authority to control all amateur Associations, including Football.
As the popularity of the game spread throughout the country, the existing clubs met towards the end of 1930 and elected Richard Maabuo Akwei as their chairman.
Towards the middle of 1950, the clubs, spearheaded by Ohene Djan, accused Akwei of maladministration and questioned his ability to help grow Ghanaian Football. They therefore addressed petitions to the Governor of the Gold Coast, Sir Charles Arden-Clarke, and the Pioneer Sports Organizer, Joseph Ranadurai, on the maladministration of the Amateur Football Association by Akwei. While the petition was being addressed, Ohene Djan led a "Football Revolution" and succeeded in toppling the Akwei Administration in 1957.
The Football Revolution – 1957
In 1957, Ohene Djan was elected General Secretary of the Football Association by the clubs and the Ghana Amateur Football Association was officially founded. He strategically affiliated the Association with FIFA in 1958 and the CAF in 1960.
Djan was instrumental in securing sponsorship for the first Ghanaian FA cup competition from a pharmaceutical firm, Merrs R.R. Harding and Company. In the same year he succeeded in securing the services of an expatriate Coach, George Ainsley, for the National Team. Then in 1959, he succeeded again in organizing the first national league, before Ghana became a republic on 1 July 1960.
The Winneba Declaration
Through the 1993 Winneba Declaration, Ghanaian football was able to shrug off its amateur status. The formation of professional teams allowed clubs to be incorporated under the companies code (Act 179, 1963) as Limited liability companies.
The Association was dissolved 'with immediate effect' on 7 June 2018, after undercover journalist Anas Aremeyaw Anas revealed the amount of corruption in the association and Ghanaian football in general. Referees and officials of the association were filmed taking bribes. The Sports Minister Isaac Kwame Asiamah referred to Kwesi Nyantakyi on Accra-based JoyFM as "former president" because all arms and affiliates of the GFA stand dissolved. The GFA is set to reopen in August 2019.
Reconstitution and operations afterward
Elections were held in October 2019 and out of the six candidates who contested, Kurt Okraku emerged the winner. In November 2019, the Women's Leaugue Committee was put together. The team was made up of Hilary Boateng (Chairperson), Rosalind Amoh (Vice chairperson), Nana Aba Anamoah, Cleopatra Nsia, Jerry Dogbatse, Nana Poku Fosu Geabour II and Christian Isaac Mensah. In January 2020, Prosper Harrison Addo was appointed the General Secretary. It was announced in early January that the technical crew of all the national teams had been disbanded. This was done with the intention of giving the sport a fresh start and enhancing the performance of the teams. Pursuant to the disbanding, Mercy Efua Tagoe-Quarcoo and Charles Kwabla Akonnor were appointed head coaches of the Black Queens and Black Stars respectively. Mercy Tagoe-Quarcoo was assisted by Charles Anokye Frimpong and Charles Akonnor by David Duncan. The National Teams Department was added to the outfit of GFA and Mr Alex Asante who is a Deputy General Secretary was appointed as its acting head. In September 2020, the Court of Arbitration for Sport dismissed an appeal by Wilfred Kwaku Osei Palmer which, amongst others, sought to nullify the Ghana Football Association presidential elections conducted in October 2019.
The Africa Cup of Nations
The Ghana Amateur Football Association was affiliated with CAF in 1960, and in 1963 won the bid to host the 5th Africa Cup of Nations, to coincide with the Meeting of the (OAU) Heads of States and Government in Accra. Ghana won the trophy and went ahead again to successfully defend it in Tunisia in 1965.
After the 1965 triumph, Ghana hosted and won the 13th Africa Cup of Nations in 1978, and four years later, won it again in Tripoli, Libya. The team have won the Africa Cup of Nations four times (in 1963, 1965, 1978, and 1982), making Ghana the second most successful team in the contest's history, along with Cameroon.
Although the team did not qualify for the senior FIFA World Cup until 2006, Ghana has enjoyed tremendous success at the youth level, winning the FIFA World Under-17 title twice and finishing runner-up twice. Ghana has also finished second at the FIFA World Youth Championship twice.
With regard to women's football, the Ghana Black Queens have participated in two World Cup tournaments and the Olympic Games. They have also been runners-up to the Falcons of Nigeria in the Africa Cup of Nations series.
Ghana last hosted the African Cup of Nations Tournament in January 2008.
Ghana qualified for the African Cup of Nations Tournament in January 2017 after finishing top of Group H in the qualifying stages.
|President||Tenure of office|
|Mr. Ohene Djan||1957–60|
|Mr. H. P. Nyemitei||1960–66|
|Nana Fredua Mensah||1966–70|
|Mr. Henry Djaba||1970–72|
|Maj. Gen. R. E. A. Kotei||1972–73|
|Maj. George Lamptey||1975–77|
|Maj. D. O. Asiamah||1977–79|
|Mr. I. R. Aboagye||1979|
|Mr. Samuel Okyere||1979–80|
|Mr. S. K. Mainoo||1980–82|
|Mr. Zac Bentum||1982–83|
|Mr. L. Ackah-Yensu||1983–84|
|Mr. L. T. K. Caesar||1984|
|Mr. E. O. Teye||1984–86|
|Mr. Samuel Okyere||1986–90|
|Mr. Awuah Nyamekye||1990–92|
|Mr. Joe Lartey||1992–93|
|Mr. Samuel Brew-Butler||1993–97|
|Alhaji M. N. D. Jawula||1997–2001|
|Mr. Ben Koufie||2001–03|
|Dr. N. Nyaho-Tamakloe||2004–05|
|Mr. Kwesi Nyantakyi||2005–2018|
|Mr. Kurt Okraku||2019–present|
- Frank Davis – (Director)
- Amadu Tanko – (Judge)
- Alhaji Sannie Mahama
- Justice Anim Yeboah
- Emmanuel Gyimah – (General Secretary)
- Kweku Ampim Darko – (Deputy General Secretary)
- Kwame Ntow-Fianko – (CEO of Division One League)
- Atta Akyea – (Owner of Tudu Mighty Jets FC)
- Jordan Anagbla – (Chairman of the Black Satellites)
- Edward Bawa – (Administrative Officer)
- Fred Pappoe – (Management committee chairman / Vice President)
An undercover investigation led by The Telegraph and Channel 4 accused Kwesi Nyantaky and other officials of the Ghana Federation of match-fixing. According to this information, the accusations involve just the international friendlies – thus, the World Cup matches wouldn't be affected by the suspicions. Kwesi Nyantakyi denied the match fixing allegations, saying: "the report of the newspaper or the media house is entirely not accurate." and "There is really no cause for alarm as far as I am concerned, because nothing untoward has happened involving me or the Federation".
- CAF and FIFA, 50 years of African football – the DVD, 2009, Ghana Correspondence 18 June 1963. "MEMBERSHIP OF AFRICAN FOOTBALL CONFEDERATION: I refer to your letter No.RC/Vr of 22 March 1963, and inform you that my Association has been a member of the African Football Confederation since December 1960."
- "Southern Times-The Politics of Soccer How Kwame Nkrumah built a team of winners". Southerntimesafrica.com. Archived from the original on 10 December 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- "Ghana Football Association signs 15-million US dollar sponsorship deal with Oil Company – Xinhua | English.news.cn". News.xinhuanet.com. 5 January 2013. Archived from the original on 26 November 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- "Breaking News: President Akufo-Addo dissolves GFA". www.myjoyonline.com. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Kurt Okraku is new Ghana FA president". www.myjoyonline.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
- 122108447901948 (5 November 2019). "Mark Addo is new Vice President of GFA". Graphic Online. Retrieved 6 November 2019.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "GFA Elections: Kurt Okraku elected President – as it happened". www.myjoyonline.com. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- "Nana Aba Anamoah, Rosalind Amoh gets GFA appointment". ghananewsagency.org. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- 122108447901948 (2 January 2020). "GFA appoints Prosper Harrison Addo as General Secretary". Graphic Online. Retrieved 4 January 2020.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- "Plans underway to restructure national teams – GFA". www.myjoyonline.com. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- "Ghana has not been competitive – Kurt Okraku explains Kwesi Appiah axing". www.myjoyonline.com. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
- 122108447901948 (1 January 2020). "Mercy Tagoe named as Black Queens coach". Graphic Online. Retrieved 16 January 2020.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- 122108447901948 (1 January 2020). "Black Stars: CK Akonnor named Head Coach of Ghana". Graphic Online. Retrieved 16 January 2020.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- Association, Ghana Football. "Alex Asante heads newly established GFA National Teams Department". www.ghanafa.org. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
- "CAS throws out Osei Palmer's appeal against Ghana Football Association | Goal.com". www.goal.com. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
- "Today in History: Ghana beat Brazil with 10 men to win FIFA U-20 World Cup". www.ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
- "Afcon 2017: Nations Cup prepares for kick off". BBC Sport. 1 January 2017. Archived from the original on 7 January 2019. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
- "Football match-fixing: Ghana deal casts cloud over World Cup finals in Brazil". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 23 June 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Nyantakyi denies agreeing match fixing contract". Ghana Football Federation. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2014.