Georgia Davis Powers
Powers (right) in 2010
|Member of the Kentucky State Senate|
January 1968 – January 1989
October 19, 1923
Springfield, Kentucky, U.S.
|Died||January 30, 2016 (aged 92)|
Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
Norman F. Davis (m. 1943–1968)
James L. Powers (m. 1973)
|Children||William "Billy" Davis|
|Parents||Frances Walker and Ben Gore Montgomery|
|Occupation||Politician, civil rights activist|
Georgia Davis Powers (née Montgomery; October 19, 1923 – January 30, 2016) was an American politician who served for 21 years as a state senator in the Kentucky Senate. In 1967, she was the first person of color and the first woman elected to the senate. During her term, she was "regarded as the leading advocate for blacks, women, children, the poor, and the handicapped," and was the chair of the Health and Welfare committee from 1970-76 and the Labor and Industry committee from 1978-88.
Powers attended the Louisville Municipal College, worked for organizations concerning civil and equal rights, and received an honorary doctorates from the University of Kentucky and the University of Louisville, among other honors. She died in 2016 of congestive heart failure.
Montgomery was born in Jimtown, Kentucky, a black settlement outside of Springfield, Kentucky, on October 19, 1923. Montgomery grew up in a family of nine children. She had eight brothers: Joseph Ben (Jay), Robert, John Albert, Phillip, Lawrence Franklin, James Isaac, Rudolph and Carl. Her parents, Frances Walker and Ben Gore Montgomery, later moved the family to the state's largest metropolis, Louisville, as a result of a tornado destroying their two-room shack. As a young girl she attended Louisville's all-black schools, Virginia Avenue Elementary School and Madison Junior High School. She graduated from Central High School in 1940, and from 1940 to 1942 attended the Louisville Municipal College.
As a young wife and mother of an adopted son, William (known as Billy), Georgia and her husband Norman "Nicky" Davis joined the New Covenant Presbyterian Church in Louisville.:80 A fellow church member, Verna Smith, encouraged Montgomery to take her first steps into Democratic Party politics by joining the U.S. Senatorial campaign staff of Wilson Wyatt.
Elected to serve in the Kentucky Senate from January 1968 to January 1989, Montgomery sponsored bills prohibiting employment discrimination, sex and age discrimination, in addition to introducing statewide fair housing legislation. She was a leader in the movement to change what many considered the racially insensitive wording of the Kentucky State Song, My Old Kentucky Home, in 1986. In the firs few months of her term, she introduced and secured an open housing bill, the first in any southern state.
Even as an elected official, she was not able to get a room in a hotel in segregated Frankfort. She also supported legislation to improve education for the physically and mentally disabled. Montgomery was a member of the Cities Committee, Elections and Constitutional Amendments Committee and the Rules Committee. She served as secretary of the Democratic caucus from 1968 to 1988. She chaired two legislative committees: Health and Welfare (1970–76) and Labor and Industry (1978–88). In an oral history interview by Betsy Brinson in 2000, Governor Breathitt remembered:
- Georgia Davis Powers, was a great leader and a strong supporter of Dr. King and represented his views in Kentucky very effectively. She was later a member of the Kentucky State Senate, a very influential member from Louisville, and I would consider her one of the real heroes of the Civil Rights Movement in this state; and one of the most effective civil rights leaders in this state... She was effective in the Senate and in politics through the art of persuasion. She did not antagonize people. She was very strong in her positions, but she has a wonderful personality and people liked her. And she would get votes very effectively for the causes she believed in. She just was a vote getter and a great lobbyist and persistent; but a wonderful warm personality. Everybody was crazy about her.
In her autobiography, I Shared the Dream: The Pride, Passion, and Politics of the First Black Woman Senator from Kentucky, Montgomery wrote that she had a personal relationship with Martin Luther King Jr. as a friend, trusted confidante, and lover.:145-162 She also wrote that she was at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis when King was assassinated in 1968, although some of King's other associates questioned her account.
After she retired from her seat in the Kentucky Senate in 1988, she remained committed to the continuing fight for equal rights and human dignity. In 1990, Montgomery created the Friends of Nursing Home Residents (FONHRI) to organize faith-based volunteerism in the Louisville area to serve as visitors to the local nursing homes. She also incorporated in 1994 an organization called QUEST (Quality Education for All Students) to monitor the work of the Jefferson County school board to halt the return to segregated schools.:318-319
Awards and honors
Montgomery was included in a national photographic exhibit that opened on February 8, 1989, at the Corcoran Gallery in Washington, D.C.: Portraits of Black Women Who Changed America. In 1989, Montgomery received an honorary doctor of laws degree from the University of Kentucky and an honorary doctorate of humane letters from the University of Louisville.
Montgomery died on January 30, 2016, at the home of one of her brothers in Louisville, after suffering from congestive heart failure for several years.
In 2010 the Kentucky Legislature, under House Joint Resolution 67, renamed the portion of I-264 that runs through the West End of Louisville from I-64 near the Indiana border to the junction with US 31W the Georgia Davis Powers Expressway. The University of Kentucky endowed a chair in the name of Senator Powers as part of UK's Center for Research on Violence Against Women.
- Onyekwuluje, Anne B. (2011). Historical Influence: reading Georgia Powers as a grassroots civil rights leader in the rough business of Kentucky politics. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0-7391-5098-6.
- Powers, Georgia (1995). I Shared the Dream: The pride, passion, and politics of the first Black woman senator from Kentucky. Far Hills, N.J: New Horizon Press. ISBN 0-88282-127-X.
- Barbara Summers, eds. (1989). I Dream A World: Portraits of Black Women Who Changed America. New York, N.Y.: Stewart Tabori & Chang. pp. 74–75. ISBN 1-55670-092-X.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
- Groob, Kathy (March 7, 2011). "Breaking Barriers: Kentucky's First Female African American Senator, Georgia Davis Powers". 9 Ways Blog. Gloria Feldt. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- "Georgia Davis Powers". Living the Story: The Civil Rights Movement in Kentucky. Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Clifft, Candyce (November 6, 2010). "Georgia Davis Powers". Louisville Life, Program #503. Kentucky Educational Television. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Georgia Davis Powers entries in History of Kentucky Women in the Civil Rights Era, University of Kentucky.
- "Review, I Shared the Dream: The Pride, Passion and Politics of the First Black Woman Senator from Kentucky". Publishers Weekly. January 2, 1995. Retrieved July 4, 2011..
- "Review, I Shared the Dream: The Pride, Passion and Politics of the First Black Woman Senator from Kentucky". Kirkus Reviews. March 1, 1995. Retrieved July 4, 2011..
- Clemons, Becca (December 2, 2010). "Sen. Georgia Powers donates papers to UK". Kentucky Kernel. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2011..
- Eblen, Tom (January 30, 2016). "Georgia Davis Powers, legislator and civil rights pioneer, dies at 92". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved January 30, 2016.
- Hudson, J. Blaine (2001). "African Americans". In Kleber, John E. (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Louisville. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. p. 17. ISBN 0-8131-2100-0. OCLC 247857447. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
- Miller, Penny M. (1996). "Staking Their Claim: The Impact of Kentucky Women in the Political Process". Kentucky Law Journal. 84 (4): 1188.
- Powers, Georgia Davis (1995). I Shared the Dream: The Pride, Passion, and Politics of the First Black Woman Senator from Kentucky. Far Hills, N.J.: New Horizon Press. ISBN 9780882823546. OCLC 31907951.
- Adams, Luther J. (Autumn 2001). "African American Migration to Louisville in the Mid-Twentieth Century". The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society. 99 (4): 363–384. JSTOR 23384797.
- Bailey, Brandy (April 23, 2009). "A True Kentucky Pioneer: The Story of Kentucky's First Female and African-American Senator". ElectWomen Magazine. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- "Famous Sorors". Sigma Gamma Rho Lambda Phi Sigma Alumnae Chapter. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
- Dupont, Carolyn (2015). "Georgia Montogomery Davis Powers (1923-): Purpose in Politics". In McEuen, Melissa A.; Appleton Jr., Thomas H. (eds.). Kentucky women : their lives and times. Athens: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 9780820347523. OCLC 908324670.
- "Interview with Carl R. Hines, Sr". Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History. University of Kentucky Libraries: Lexington. Retrieved June 18, 2016. Discussion of the episode begins approximately 82 minutes into the interview. Also see the contemporaneous reporting that appeared in the article written by Bob Johnson in the edition of March 12, 1986 of the Courier-Journal (page 18) and the Associated Press article that appeared in the edition of March 21, 1986 of the Lexington Herald-Leader (page A11). Hines' resolution was House Resolution 159 (1986); Powers' resolution was Senate Resolution 114 (1986).
- "Georgia Powers, First Black and First Woman Elected to Kentucky Senate". African American Registry. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Betsy Brinson (February 24, 2000). Interview of Edward T. Brethitt. The Civil Rights Movement in Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky: The Kentucky Historical Society. Archived from the original on April 24, 2012.
- Wilkerson, Isabel (June 25, 1995). "Cries and Whispers". The New York Times. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
- "Civil Rights Leader, Politician and Alleged MLK Mistress Dies". South Florida Times. Associated Press. February 4, 2016. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
- "Governor Beshear unveils new highway sign honoring Georgia Davis Powers". June 16, 2010. Archived from the original on September 21, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Hale, Whitney; Erin Holaday (December 3, 2010). "UK to House Georgia Powers Collections, Chair". UKnow. University of Kentucky. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Guide to the Georgia Davis Powers papers, 1949-2012, undated housed at the University of Kentucky Libraries Special Collections Research Center