Life and career
Marrane became the first Communist mayor of the northern city of Ivry in 1925. He remained in this elected position for forty years, except for the occupied period during World War II, until his retirement from politics in 1965.
Presidential election of 1958
The election of 1958 was the first presidential contest of the French Fifth Republic. Marrane competed against the wartime hero Charles de Gaulle; a third candidate, Albert Châtelet, represented a coalition of non-communist leftist groups. On 15 December 1958, de Gaulle swept the election, taking approximately 77% of the vote. Marrane received 13%, just a few percentage points above Châtelet.
- Cyrille Guiat (2003). The French and Italian communist parties: comrades and culture. London, Portland OR: Frank Cass. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-7146-5332-7.
- J. A. Laponce (1961). The Government of the Fifth Republic: French political parties and the Constitution. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 186–187. OCLC 501634. GGKEY:KGRNN62B34H. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
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