George Thomas Hine FRIBA (1842–25 April 1916) was an English architect. His prolific output included new county asylums for Hertfordshire, Lincolnshire, Surrey, East Sussex and Worcestershire, as well as extensive additions to many others.
Hine specialised in asylum architecture, and his paper to the RIBA in 1901 still provides a valuable review of asylum design and planning. In 1887, after winning the competition for the enormous new LCC (London County Council) asylum at Claybury, Essex, he established his practise in London. This was strengthened by his experience as Consulting Architect to the Commissioners in Lunacy, a post which he held from 1897, succeeding Charles Henry Howell. He was a frequent entrant for asylum competitions, winning his first, for Nottingham Asylum, in 1875. During the 1880s and 1890s he entered ten asylum competitions – winning five – and was assessor for four others. He designed and saw completed four major LCC asylums housing over 2,000 patients each (Claybury, Bexley, Horton and Long Grove), and his prolific output included new county asylums for Hertfordshire, Lincolnshire, Surrey, East Sussex and Worcestershire, as well as extensive additions to many others.
Hine's asylum designs had several distinguishing features that can be used to identify any of his many projects. All were built in red brick and had grey stonework. His later designs often feature a polychrome white/red brick pattern, especially for window mullions, although this was a relatively common architectural detail at the time and not exclusive to Hine. Hine was an early exponent of the 'echelon' design of asylums which he deployed at Claybury.
- Nottingham Borough Asylum, Mapperley, 1875–80; extended 1889–90
- The Towers Hospital, Leicester, extensions 1883–90
- 4th Middlesex County Asylum, Claybury, 1887–93
- 2nd Dorset County Asylum, Herrison extensions, 1890
- Sunderland Borough Asylum, Cherry Knowle, 1891–95
- 3rd Middlesex County Asylum, Banstead, additions, 1893
- Isle of Wight County Asylum, Whitecroft completion, 1893
- Kesteven County Asylum, Rauceby, 1897-1902
- London County Asylum, Bexley, 1898
- Berkshire County Asylum, Fairmile extensions, 1898
- Hertfordshire County Asylum, Hill End, 1900
- Belfast Asylum for the Lunatic Poor, Purdysburn, 1900
- London County Asylum, Horton, 1901–02
- Cuckfield Isolation Hospital, Sussex 1902
- East Sussex County Asylum, Hellingly, 1901–03
- 2nd Worcestershire County Asylum, Barnsley Hall, 1901–07
- Surrey County Asylum, Netherne, 1901–09
- London County Asylum, Long Grove, 1903–07
- 2nd Hampshire County Asylum, Park Prewett, 1912
- Gateshead Borough Asylum, St. Mary's, 1910-14
- "District News". Western Mail. England. 28 April 1916. Retrieved 19 January 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Brodie, Antonia (20 December 2001). Directory of British Architects 1834-1914: Vol 1 (A-K). Royal Institute of British Architects. p. 920. ISBN 0826455131.
- "The asylum architects". Simon Cornwell. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
- Bynum, W.F; Porter, Roy; Shepherd, Michael (1988). The anatomy of madness: Essays in the history of psychiatry. Vol III; The asylum and its psychiatry. London: Routledge. p. 253. ISBN 0-415-00859-X.
- "The Claybury Asylum". Morning Post. England. 19 June 1893. Retrieved 19 January 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Historic England. "Claybury Hospital (1080979)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- "The New Asylum at Ryhope. Opening Ceremony". Sunderland Daily Echo and Shipping Gazette. England. 17 May 1895. Retrieved 19 January 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The new Asylum at Rauceby". Grantham Journal. England. 21 June 1902. Retrieved 19 January 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Historic England. "Rauceby Hospital (1001471)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- "Cuckfield Rural District Council's Hospital". Mid Sussex Times. England. 27 May 1902. Retrieved 19 January 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "New Worcestershire Asylum". Alcester Chronicle. England. 29 June 1907. Retrieved 19 January 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Historic England. "St Mary's Hospital, Stannington (1001478)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- Jeremy Taylor (1991). "Hospital and Asylum Architecture in England 1840–1914: Building for Health Care". London; New York: Mansell. ISBN 0-7201-2059-4.
- A website documenting many UK asylums, including several Hine buildings such as Hellingly and Rauceby Hospitals