The Earl of Kinnoull
The Earl of Kinnoull,
painted by Adam de Colone, 1625
|Lord Chancellor of Scotland|
16 May 1622 – 16 December 1634
|Died||16 December 1634 (aged 64)|
George Hay, 1st Earl of Kinnoull,(1570 – 16 December 1634) was a Scottish nobleman and political official.
Around 1588, Hay entered Scottish College at Douai, where he studied under his uncle Edmund Hay until 1596. He was initially introduced to court by his cousin the Earl of Carlisle. Hay served as a Gentleman of the Bedchamber from 1596. On 18 February 1598, he was granted the Carthusian priory of Perth and a seat in Parliament, but, finding the rents too low to live on, he returned the peerage.
On 15 November 1600, he was given land for his services to the King on the occasion of the Gowrie conspiracy. He was knighted sometime before 18 October 1607, when he first appeared in the records as Sir George Hay. He was appointed Lord Clerk Register and a member of the Privy Council on 26 March 1616. He was instrumental in the passage of the Five Articles of Perth in 1618.
In 1619 the Privy Council of Scotland wrote to King James to defend Hay's interest in glass and iron manufacture in Scotland, arguing that Scottish glass should be sold in England without custom duties.
On 7 May 1625, he was at the funeral of James VI and I in London, and was sworn in as a member of the Scottish Privy Council of Charles I. He was created Viscount of Dupplin and Lord Hay of Kinfauns on 4 May 1627.
In September 1629 he was a collector of tax in Scotland. He discovered that Marie Stewart, "My Lady Marre", had obtained a chest containing important documents concerning taxes which had been kept by the late Archibald Primrose, clerk of taxations. She made some difficulties about handing over the documents, and was away from Edinburgh in the north of Scotland.
He resisted the king's regulations for lords of session (1626), and upheld precedency over archbishop of St Andrews.
In 1626, he began to suffer from old age. It was noted that he was absent from the Council in July 1626 as he was suffering from "the pain of the gute" very severely. Two years later his "known infirmitie and seekenesse" was noted.
- Sir Peter Hay (died decessit vita patris at Kinfauns, 1621), unmarried
- George Hay (d. 1644)
- Lady Margaret, married to Alexander Lindsay, 2nd Lord Spynie
- E. B. Pryde, D. E. Greenway (1996). Handbook of British Chronology. Cambridge University Press. p. 511. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
- James Balfour Paul (1908). The Scots Peerage. D. Douglas. pp. 220–223.
- Buist, G. (1838). The Steamboat Companion Betwixt Perth and Dundee. Dundee: Fraser and Crawford. p. ii.
- Melros Papers, vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1837), pp. 337-8, 342-3.
- HMC Mar & Kellie (London, 1904), p. 171.
- A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. 42. Henry Colburn. 1880. p. 708.
- Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney, eds. (1891). . Dictionary of National Biography. 25. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
The Earl of Dunfermline
| Lord Chancellor of Scotland
|Peerage of Scotland|
|New creation|| Earl of Kinnoull
| Viscount Dupplin|