George E. Spencer
|United States Senator|
July 13, 1868 – March 4, 1879
|Preceded by||Benjamin Fitzpatrick|
|Succeeded by||George S. Houston|
|Born||November 1, 1836|
Champion, New York
|Died||February 19, 1893 (aged 56)|
|Citizenship||United States of America|
|Spouse(s)||Bella Zilfa Spencer May Nunez Spencer|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Branch/service||United States Army|
Bvt. Brigadier General
|Commands||1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
George Eliphaz Spencer (November 1, 1836 – February 19, 1893) was an American politician and a U.S. senator from the state of Alabama; who also served as an officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Born in Champion, New York, Spencer was the son of Gordon Percival and Deborah Mallory Spencer. He educated at Montreal College in Canada. After relocating to Iowa he engaged in the study of law. During the Pike's Peak Gold Rush he briefly relocated to Colorado where in November 1859 he founded the town of Breckenridge. He married English author Bella Zilfa in 1862.
During the American Civil War, Spencer enlisted as a captain on October 16, 1862. While serving on the staff of Brig. Gen. Grenville M. Dodge, he requested a transfer to the 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment, a volunteer regiment made up of Southern Unionists, which did not have a permanent commander. Receiving a promotion to colonel, he led the regiment from September 11, 1863 until his resignation on July 5, 1865.
After the war, Spencer returned to Alabama to practice law. His wife died of typhoid fever in 1867. For a time he served as register in bankruptcy for the fourth district of Alabama.
Elected as a Republican to the United States Senate upon readmission of Alabama to the Union, Spencer served from July 13, 1868, to March 4, 1879. He was appointed a commissioner of the Union Pacific Railroad with help from his previous leader, Major General Dodge. In 1877, he married prominent actress "May" Nunez, the niece and namesake of one-armed Confederate General William Wing Loring. The couple then spent two years on a ranch in Nevada tending to mining interests before settling in Washington, DC, about 1880.
- "George Eliphaz Spencer". 1st Alabama Cavalry. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "George Eliphaz Spencer". Arlington National Cemetery. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "George Eliphaz Spencer". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "George Eliphaz Spencer". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "George Eliphaz Spencer". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "George Eliphaz Spencer". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- United States Congress. "George E. Spencer (id: S000723)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- George E. Spencer at Find a Grave
| U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Alabama
Served alongside: Willard Warner, George Goldthwaite, John T. Morgan
George S. Houston
|Notes and references|
|1. Because Alabama seceded from the Union in 1861, seat was declared vacant from 1861-1868 when Benjamin Fitzpatrick withdrew from the U.S. Senate.|