Bronx Terminal Market
|Location||The Bronx, New York, United States|
|Address||610 Exterior Street|
|Developer||BTM Development Partners|
|Management||The Related Companies|
|Owner||The Related Companies|
|Architect||GreenbergFarrow Architect, Brennan Beer Gorman/Architects|
|No. of stores and services||21|
|No. of anchor tenants||3|
|Total retail floor area||913,000 square feet (84,800 m2)|
|No. of floors||3 (North building), 4 (South building)|
|Parking||6-story, 2,600 car parking garage|
Bronx Terminal Market, formerly known as Gateway Center at Bronx Terminal Market, is a shopping mall along the Major Deegan Expressway in Concourse, Bronx, New York. The center encompasses just under one million square feet of retail space built on a 17-acre (69,000 m2) site that formerly held a wholesale fruit and vegetable market as well as the former Bronx House of Detention, south of Yankee Stadium.
The US$500 million shopping center, which was completed in 2009, saw the construction of new buildings and two smaller buildings, one new and the other a renovation of an existing building that was part of the original market. The two main buildings are linked by a six-level garage for 2,600 cars. The center's design has earned a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Silver award.
Located just south of Yankee Stadium under the Major Deegan Expressway, on a wide road named Exterior Street, Bronx Terminal Market was conceived in 1917 by New York City mayor John F. Hylan. Construction on the market started, but wasn't completed until mayor Fiorello La Guardia took office, in which he enacted a program constructing various markets to provide a home for the city's numerous pushcart vendors. Between October 1, 1934, and May 1, 1935, the city built a new complex just south of the existing unfinished structure. Bronx Terminal Market consisted of small two-story concrete buildings of simple design. Designed by Samuel A. Oxhandler with John D. Churchill and Albert W. Lewis, the buildings were originally painted light yellow. In 1936, the market's flagship structure went up, a small, cubist-style polygon at 149th Street with "Bronx Terminal Market" in large relief in the concrete. This building was designed to serve as a bank and, upstairs, a hotel for farmers. A car float brought in rail cars by barge to the market.
On December 21, 1935, mayor La Guardia appeared at the market to proclaim a citywide ban on the sale, display, and possession of artichokes. The ban was instituted to combat the inflation of artichokes set by mobsters, namely Ciro Terranova. The ban was lifted within a year.
The market eventually grew to become the nation's largest wholesale market for Hispanic foods. The market went into steady decline and became a financial burden for the City in the late 1960s. When City began demolishing the market, however, Bronx Terminal Market Merchants Association approached developer David Buntzman for help to save it. Buntzman obtained a 99-year lease to the market in 1972 and operated it until 2004. In the market's heyday, it contained nearly 100 tenants and more than 1,000 employees. After a series of protracted legal battles with the City, Buntzman sold his interest to the Related Companies for $42.5 million in 2004.
The nearby 350-cell Bronx County Jail, designed by Joseph Freedlander was built as a Works Progress Administration project and opened in 1937. Later known as the Bronx House of Detention, it was known for its elaborate art deco architectural details. It closed in 2000 and was later acquired by the Related Companies, who demolished it to make way for the new Bronx Terminal Market; some architectural details of the building were saved.
On August 14, 2006, construction began on Bronx Terminal Market, then known as Gateway Center at Bronx Terminal Market, which demolished all buildings on the acquired properties with the exception of the Prow Building, a 20,500-square-foot (1,900 m2) building at the corner of East 149th Street, Exterior Street, and River Avenue. The center was approved after a Community Benefits Agreement was signed. The Home Depot was the first tenant to move in on April 23, 2009.
Stores include Applebee's, AT&T, Bed Bath & Beyond, Best Buy, BJ's, BX Sports, GameStop, GNC, Harlem Furniture, Home Depot, Marshalls, Raymour & Flanigan, Skechers, Sprint, Subway, T-Mobile, Target, Marisco Centro, Burlington Coat Factory, & StubHub.
- Target (190,000 sq ft (18,000 m2))
- The Home Depot (131,000 sq ft (12,200 m2))
- Vacant, formerly Staples (16,000 sq ft (1,500 m2))
- BJ's Wholesale Club (135,000 sq ft (12,500 m2))
- Food Bazaar, formerly Toys "R" Us (77,000 sq ft (7,200 m2))
- Raymour & Flanigan (50,000 sq ft (4,600 m2))
- Marshalls (40,000 sq ft (3,700 m2))
- Best Buy (55,000 sq ft (5,100 m2))
- Bed Bath & Beyond (40,000 sq ft (3,700 m2))
Bronx Terminal Market is close to the New York City Subway's 149th Street–Grand Concourse station, served by the 2, 4, and 5 trains, and to the 161st Street–Yankee Stadium station, served by the 4, B, and D trains. The 145th Street station, served by the 3 train, is located in Manhattan just across the Harlem River. It is very close to the Metro-North Railroad's Yankees–East 153rd Street station, served by the Hudson Line. The Bx1, Bx2, Bx6, Bx6 SBS, Bx13 and Bx19 buses also stop nearby. The center is also accessible by car via exits 4, 5, and 6 on the Major Deegan Expressway.
- Jane L. Levere (September 1, 2009). "Retailers Take a Chance on a Mall in the Bronx". The New York Times. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- "Chains of Silver: Gateway Center At Bronx Terminal Market Earns LEED Silver Bona Fides". Green Buildings NYC. June 22, 2010. Archived from the original on October 4, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- Christopher Gray (May 8, 1994). "Streetscapes/Bronx Terminal Market; Trying to Duplicate the Little Flower's Success". The New York Times. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- "Mayor puts ban on artichoke sale to curb rackets." December 22, 1935. New York Times https://static01.nyt.com/packages/pdf/dining/way-we-ate/12221935-ban.pdf
- Mary Beth Kilkelly. "Behold the Baby Artichoke, or, Power to the Punies." June 8, 2017. NYC Dept of Records https://www.archives.nyc/blog/2017/6/8/behold-the-baby-artichoke-or-power-to-the-punies
- "Gateway Center at Bronx Terminal Market". Plan NYC. September 29, 2009. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- Jennifer Bleyer (January 28, 2007). "A Jail Break, but Not to Fear". The New York Times. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 21, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.