Furnifold McLendel Simmons
|United States Senator|
from North Carolina
March 4, 1901 – March 4, 1931
|Preceded by||Marion Butler|
|Succeeded by||Josiah Bailey|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from North Carolina's 2nd district
March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1889
|Preceded by||James E. O'Hara|
|Succeeded by||Henry P. Cheatham|
|Born||January 20, 1854|
Pollocksville, North Carolina
|Died||April 30, 1940 (aged 86)|
New Bern, North Carolina
Furnifold McLendel Simmons (January 20, 1854 – April 30, 1940) was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from March 4, 1887 to March 4, 1889 and U.S. senator from the state of North Carolina between March 4, 1901 and March 4, 1931. He served as chairman of the powerful Committee on Finance from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1919. He was an unsuccessful contender for the 1920 Democratic Party nomination for president. Simmons was a staunch segregationist, white supremacist and a leading perpetrator of the 1898 Wilmington insurrection.
As a leader of the state Democratic Party, Simmons led the 1898–1900 White Supremacy campaigns that effectively disenfranchised black voters for a half-century. From his Senate seat, he then ran a powerful political machine, using A. D. Watts "to keep the machine oiled back home," in the words of one journalist.
Senator Simmons refused to endorse Al Smith, the Democratic nominee for president in 1928, winning him praise from members of the Ku Klux Klan. Still, rejecting the Democratic nominee in 1928, together with the Great Depression, led to Simmons being defeated in the 1930 Democratic primary by Josiah W. Bailey, who was backed by Governor O. Max Gardner.
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
- News & Observer: "What the obituary didn't say" by Rob Christensen Archived July 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Chiles, Robert (2018). The Revolution of '28: Al Smith, American Progressivism, and the Coming of the New Deal. Cornell University Press. p. 115. ISBN 9781501705502.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Furnifold McLendel Simmons.|
- United States Congress. "Furnifold McLendel Simmons (id: S000415)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- North Carolina History Project
- North Carolina Election of 1898
- Furnifold McLendel Simmons entry at The Political Graveyard
- Furnifold McLendel Simmons at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
James E. O'Hara
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 2nd congressional district
March 4, 1887 – March 4, 1889
Henry P. Cheatham
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from North Carolina
March 4, 1901 – March 4, 1931
Served alongside: Jeter Connelly Pritchard, Lee Slater Overman, Cameron A. Morrison
Josiah William Bailey
| Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Finance
March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1919
Francis E. Warren
| Dean of the United States Senate
November 24, 1929 – March 4, 1931
| Oldest living U.S. Senator
July 24, 1938 – April 30, 1940
Fountain L. Thompson
| Most Senior Living U.S. Senator
(Sitting or Former)
October 21, 1938 – April 30, 1940
|This article about a North Carolina politician is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|