Central square in Fukang City
Location of Fukang (red) in Changji Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Autonomous prefecture||Changji (Hui)|
|Township-level divisions||3 Subdistricts|
2 ethnic townships
|• Total||11,726 km2 (4,527 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (330/sq mi)|
Fukang is a county-level city in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Its area is 11,726 km2 (4,527 sq mi). and its population in 2007 was reported as approximately 1.5 million. Fukang is located in northern Xinjiang in Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture, north of Urumqi.
As early as the Han and Tang dynasties, Fukang was an important stopover on the ancient Silk Road. The Qianlong Emperor of the Qing dynasty established it as a county in 1776. Its status was changed to a city in November 1992.
In 2007, Fukang City's GDP was 4.822 billion yuan, 2.3 times that of 2002, an average annual increase of 17.6%. Per capita GDP reached 30,000 yuan, 2.1 times that of 2002, an average annual increase of 16.5%.
Among the tourist attractions in the area are Bogeda peak and the Heavenly Lake of Tianshan.
Irrigated agriculture in the Fukang is enabled by streams flowing from the Tian Shan mountains, as well as by the eastern branch of the Irtysh–Karamay–Ürümqi Canal, which crosses the Gurbantünggüt Desert, bringing to Fukang water from the Irtysh River.
In 2000 a 925 "gemstone meteorite", a pallasite meteorite known as Fukang meteorite, was found near Fukang. It is considered a large and a rare of meteorite. In 2008 the main mass was offered for sale at Bonhams for a value of US $2 million. However the lot remained unsold.
- "فۇكاڭ: China". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- "Fukang Overview". Fukang Government. Archived from the original on 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- "阜康". Baidu Encyclopedia 百科. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- "Biosphere Reserve Information, China, BOGEDA". UNESCO Ecological Sciences for Sustainable Development. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
- Fukang Meteorite Auction Bonhams