|Bishop of Detroit|
Bishop Frederick Rese of Detroit, c. 1835
Friedrich Johann Conrad Reese
|Installed||March 23, 1833|
|Term ended||December 27, 1871|
|Successor||Caspar Henry Borgess|
|Other posts||Vicar general of Cincinnati|
|Ordination||March 15, 1823|
by Placido Zurla
|Consecration||October 6, 1833|
by Joseph Rosati
|Born||February 6, 1791|
|Died||December 27, 1871 (aged 80)|
Frederick Rese (or Résé) (February 6, 1791 – December 29, 1871) was a German-born American Roman Catholic bishop who served as the first Catholic bishop of the Diocese of Detroit from 1833 until his death.
Rese was born in Vienenburg, a small town in the German Electorate of Hanover. Orphaned at a young age, he grew up in poverty. He was apprenticed to a tailor and worked as a journeyman before joining the Hanoverian cavalry in 1813 to fight against Napoleon in the German Campaign and took part in the 1815 Battle of Waterloo under command of Field Marshal Blücher.
After the Napoleonic Wars, Rese adopted a clerical career. He went to Rome with the impression that his lack of education might be balanced by a willingness to work in foreign missions. He received Holy Orders from Cardinal Vicar Placido Zurla on 15 March 1823. Rese served in the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and in 1824 met with Edward Fenwick, first Bishop of Cincinnati, who had travelled to Rome to ask Pope Leo XII for support. The Pope engaged Rese to assist him; once arrived in the United States, he became vicar general of the Cincinnati diocese, which included Detroit. In 1828 he was sent to Europe to gain support for the Catholic missions in the U.S. He visited the Austrian capital Vienna, where he helped to found the missionary Leopoldine Society, as well as Munich and Regensburg in Bavaria, Belgium and other parts of Europe until 1831, convincing many to immigrate to the U.S. and found Catholic communities.
When in 1833 Pope Gregory XVI created the Diocese of Detroit, he made Rese the first German-born bishop in the United States. He was consecrated October 6, 1833, by Bishop Joseph Rosati of St. Louis and brought the Order of Poor Ladies to Detroit. He also established Detroit's first convent, and a school for girls. When Rese arrived, the only Catholic church in Detroit was Ste. Anne de Detroit, which became the cathedral. The parish of Most Holy Trinity was established by 1835. Germans immigrants established a small settlement named Connor's Creek and built a log church which they called Kirchen Wald (Church in the Woods) and where Redemptionists missionaries offered services. The name was later changed to "Chapel of the Assumption" and later "St. Mary's in the Woods" before being designated the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Church.
In 1838 he again travelled to Europe, where in Munich he reconciled the establishment of a Bavarian missionary association (Ludwig-Missionsverein) with King Louis I.
About 1840 Rese became demented; uncapable to fulfil his office, he was recalled to Rome. He finally retired to a nursery home of the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul in Hildesheim. In accordance with the practice of the time, he remained nominally the Bishop of Detroit for another 30 years until his death in 1871, his diocese administrated by coadjutor bishops. He was succeeded by his compatriot Caspar Henry Borgess.
- Clarence Monroe Burton, The City of Detroit, Michigan, 1701-1922, S. J. Clarke publishing company, 1922. p. 1297-1306
- "Bishop Frederick John Conrad Résé (Reze)". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Meehan, Thomas. "Detroit." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 20 August 2019 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Tentler, Leslie Woodcock. Seasons of Grace: A History of the Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit, Wayne State University Press, 1992, p. 14ISBN 9780814321065
- Redemptorist North American Historical Bulletin Archived 2011-07-15 at the Wayback Machine, issue 18, December 2002.
- Caspar Henry Borgess, the Catholic Encyclopedia
- "300 Years of History: The Archdiocese of Detroit". Archived from the original on 2010-01-27. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
- Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary Roman Catholic Church Complex from Detroit1701.org
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