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Portrait of Duke Frederick II by
Georg David Matthieu, 1772
|Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin|
|Reign||30 May 1756 – 21 April 1785|
|Predecessor||Christian Ludwig II|
|Successor||Friedrich Franz I|
|Born||9 November 1717|
|Died||21 April 1785 (aged 67)|
|Spouse||Duchess Louise Frederica of Württemberg|
|House||House of Mecklenburg|
|Father||Christian Ludwig II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin|
|Mother||Duchess Gustave Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz|
Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, called the Pious (German: Friedrich II Herzog von Mecklenburg-Schwerin; 9 November 1717 – 21 April 1785) was Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1756 until his death.
In his childhood and youth his great-aunt Duchess Augusta of Mecklenburg-Schwerin had great influence on the intellectual and spiritual development of Frederick, essentially in instilling the beliefs of Pietism.
Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Frederick, was a supporter of Pietism. He encouraged the school system, promoted the textile manufacturing and abolished torture. In 1764 he moved his residence from Schwerin to Schloss Ludwigslust. In 1765 he ordered the construction of the Imperial Church (completed in 1770, now the City Church) by architect Johann Joachim Busch, and he continued the expansion of Schloss Ludwigslust between 1772 and 1776.
Frederick married on 2 March 1746 at Schwedt to Duchess Louise Frederica of Württemberg, daughter of Frederick Louis, Hereditary Prince of Württemberg, and his wife Margravine Henriette Marie of Brandenburg-Schwedt. They had four children, who died young.
- Thomas Nugent (1768). Travels through Germany: containing observations on customs, manners, religion, government, commerce, arts, and antiquities; with a particular account of the Courts of Mecklenburg in a series of letters to a friend. Printed for E. and C. Dilly. pp. 232–.
- Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 82.
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser, Reference: 1956
- Het Groothertogelijk Huis Mecklenburg, Bergen-op-Zoom, 1901–1902, Juten, W. J. F., Reference: 106
Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-SchwerinBorn: 9 November 1717 Died: 21 April 1785
Christian Ludwig II
| Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Frederick Francis I