Fred A. Busse
|Treasurer of Illinois|
|Governor||Richard Yates Jr.|
|Preceded by||Moses O. Williamson|
|Succeeded by||Len Small|
|39th Mayor of Chicago|
|Preceded by||Edward F. Dunne|
|Succeeded by||Carter Harrison, Jr.|
|Born||March 3, 1866|
|Died||July 9, 1914 (aged 48)|
|Spouse(s)||Josephine Lee Busse|
Busse became a local Republican leader, first elected to the Illinois House of Representatives in 1894 and again in 1896. In 1898, Busse was elected to the Illinois State Senate. He then served as Illinois state treasurer beginning in 1902. In 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt appointed him Postmaster of Chicago, a political position at that time (see USPS History). He won the 1907 election for mayor against Democratic incumbent Edward F. Dunne. In business, Busse had been Secretary and Treasurer of the Northwestern Coal Company until 1905.
Mayor of Chicago
Busse's mayoral tenure is noted for its extensive corruption and presence of organized crime in the city. Busse had connections and was a political ally with a number of organized crime figures. Busse's inaction in the face of growing popular concern led to the formation of several organizations opposed to crime and desirous of cleaning up the city government. Busse's image was used by at least one brothel owner to promote her business. While reform, both political and moral, was beginning to appear Chicago, Busse noted, "They don't need anyone sleuthing around after me. They can always get me any evening at J.C. Murphy's saloon, Clark Street and North Avenue." By 1907, pressure was strong enough that Busse was forced to appoint a vice commission, although the commission didn't issue a report until Busse was out of office.
Busse ultimately lost his bid for reelection in 1911.
- "Chicago Mayors". Chicago Public Library. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
- "Fred A. Busse Dead. Ex-Mayor and ex-Postmaster of Chicago and Republican Leader" (PDF). New York Times. July 9, 1914.
- Men of Affairs: a gallery of cartoon portraits, Chicago Evening Post, 1906; page 154.
- Chicago Public Library-Mayor Fred A. Busse biography
- Ford, Liam T.A. Ford (2009) . Soldier Field: A Stadium and Its City (1st ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 6–7.
- Abbott, Karen (2007). Sin in the Second City: Madams, Ministers, Playboys, and the Battle for America's Soul. New York: Random House. pp. 146–147, 165–166. ISBN 978-1-4000-6530-1.
- Merriner, James L. (2004). Grafters and Goo Goos: Corruption and Reform in Chicago, 1833-2003. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. p. 92. ISBN 0-8093-2571-3.
Moses O. Williamson
| Treasurer of Illinois