He was born at Deep River, Connecticut, and graduated from Williams College in 1889 and from Johns Hopkins (Ph. D.) in 1892: he studied also at Berlin and at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Paris. From 1893 to 1900 he served as instructor and assistant professor of English and Romance languages at Williams College. In 1910, he became professor of art and archaeology at Princeton. From 1922 to 1946 he was the director of Princeton University's art museum.
Mather was an editorial writer for the New York Evening Post and assistant editor of the Nation (1901–1906) and art critic for the Post (1905–1906; 1910–1911); from 1904 to 1906 was American editor of the Burlington Magazine; contributed frequently, chiefly on art subjects, to the Nation, the Burlington Magazine, Art and Progress, and other periodicals. He became editor of Art Studies in 1923.
- Homer Martin, Poet in Landscape (1912)
- The Collectors (1912), a volume of short stories
- Estimates in Art (1916)
- The Portraits of Dante (1921)
- A History of Italian Painting (1923)
- Modern Painting: 1664–1914 (1927) 
- Western European Painting of the Renaissance (1939)
Frank Jewett Mather Award
Since 1963, the College Art Association has presented an annual award for art journalism named in Mather's honor. The award is for "significant published art criticism that has appeared in publication in a one-year period".
- Works by Frank Jewett Mather at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Frank Jewett Mather at Internet Archive
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- Frank Jewett Mather at Find a Grave
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