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Francisco S. Tatad
|Senator of the Philippines|
June 30, 1992 – June 30, 2001
|Majority Floor Leader of the Senate of the Philippines|
July 12, 2000 – June 30, 2001
|Preceded by||Franklin Drilon|
|Succeeded by||Loren Legarda|
October 10, 1996 – January 26, 1998
|President||Fidel V. Ramos|
|Preceded by||Alberto Romulo|
|Succeeded by||Franklin Drilon|
|Minister of Public Information|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Gregorio Cendaña|
|Mambabatas Pambansa (Assemblyman) from Region V|
June 12, 1978 – June 5, 1984
|Born||October 4, 1939|
Gigmoto, Albay, Philippine Commonwealth
|Political party||Grand Alliance for Democracy|
|UNO (2005-2007) |
|Spouse(s)||Fernandita "Fenny" Cantero|
|Relations||Shalani Soledad (niece)|
|Residence||Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines|
|Alma mater||University of Santo Tomas |
Center for Research and Communication
Francisco "Kit" Sarmiento Tatad (born October 4, 1939) is a Filipino journalist and politician best known for having served as Minister of Public Information under President Ferdinand Marcos from 1969 to 1980, and for serving as a Senator of the Philippines from 1992 to 2001.
When Marcos first appointed Tatad as Minister of Public Information in 1969, he became the youngest member of Marcos' cabinet. During his term as Minister of Public Information, he announced the declaration of Martial Law on September 23, 1972, reading the text on air at 3:00 in the afternoon, five hours before Marcos himself would come on air to explain his justifications for the declaration, at 7:15 on the same date. While serving as cabinet secretary, he concurrently became a member of the Batasang Pambansa.
As a Senator, he served as Senate Majority Floor Leader from 1996 to 1998 and again from 2000 to 2001. Another historical moment in Tatad's career came in 2001, when he was one of the 11 senators who voted against opening an envelope that had been alleged to contain incriminating evidence against then Philippine President Joseph Ejercito Estrada, inciting events that led to the EDSA Revolution of 2001.
Early life and education
Tatad was born on October 4, 1939 in Gigmoto, Catanduanes. He took his elementary studies at the Gigmoto Elementary School. He later moved to Manila and finished his secondary education at the Roosevelt College in Cubao, Quezon City. He studies Philosophy at the University of Santo Tomas. As a Thomasian, he was the literary editor of The Varsitarian in 1960. One of his short stories was published in a Hong Kong-based Asian magazine. He was barred from finishing his degree after organizing an unapproved symposium in the university.
After being prohibited from finishing Philosophy, he studied Business Economics at the Center for Research and Communication (now University of Asia and the Pacific).
After finishing his tertiary education, he worked as a journalist and columnist for various agencies. In the 1960s, he was a correspondent for the Agence France-Presse and columnist and reporter at the Manila Daily Bulletin. He was also a writer for the International Herald Tribune, The Wall Street Journal Asia, the Far Eastern Economic Review, the Washington Quarterly, Business Day and the Philippine Daily Globe.
From 1989 to 1991, he was the publisher and editor of Newsday, a business and political daily newspaper. Apart from being a journalist, Tatad is also the author of five books, namely, The Prospects of the Filipino, The Philippines in 1986, Guarding the Public Trust, A Nation on Fire: The Unmaking of Joseph Ejercito Estrada and the Remaking of Democracy in the Philippines and The Forbidden Life of Amargo Raz.
Marcos and Aquino years (1969–1987)
In 1969, President Ferdinand Marcos appointed Tatad as Minister of Public Information, becoming the youngest member of Marcos' cabinet.
Tatad gained prominence when he went on air at 3 p.m. on September 23, 1972 and read the text of Proclamation № 1081, through which Marcos declared martial law. Marcos himself went on air at 7:15 p.m. to present his justifications for declaring martial law, but it was through Tatad's announcement four hours earlier that the public was first officially informed about martial law.
In 1978, he was elected an Assemblyman of the Interim Batasang Pambansa representing Bicol, garnering the highest number of votes among the 12 representatives representing the region. Two years later, in 1980, he resigned as Minister of Public Information and was succeeded by Gregorio Cendaña.
In 1992, he ran for senator under the Nationalist People's Coalition of Marcos' crony Eduardo Cojuangco Jr. and won. He authored the Electric Power Crisis Act which helped end the 1992-1993 electric power crisis. He sought a second term under the Lakas-Laban Coalition of President Fidel Ramos in 1995 and was reelected.
He was first elected as Senate Majority Floor Leader in 1996 and served until 1998. He was elected to the post again in 2000 and served until he finished his term in 2001.
In 1997, he filed a petition to challenge the constitutionality of the Oil Deregulation Law before the Supreme Court.
In January 2001, during the impeachment trial of President Joseph Estrada, he was one of the 11 senators who voted against opening an envelope that was alleged to contain incriminating evidence against Estrada. Public anger over the Senate vote triggered the EDSA Revolution of 2001, leading to the ouster of Estrada and the accession of Vice-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to the presidency.
As a legislator, he authored or sponsored 22 laws and was described by the media as the "Moral Conscience of the Senate" because of his conservative stance to issues such as contraception and the Reproductive Health Bill.
Tatad ran again for senator under the Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino of actor Fernando Poe Jr. in 2004 but lost. In 2007, he resigned from the governing board of the United Opposition as a protest against the party's decision to draft Alan Peter Cayetano, Joseph Victor Ejercito and Aquilino Pimentel III as its senatorial candidates due to issues of "dynasty-building", as the three have relatives already serving in the Senate. In 2010, he ran again for senator but lost, finishing only in the 27th place.
During the hearing on the impeachment of Chief Justice Renato Corona on January 19, 2012, Tatad had a verbal confrontation with Senator-Judge Franklin Drilon, accusing him of acting like a part of the prosecution team. Drilon allegedly challenged him to disqualify him from participating in the proceedings.
- "Declaration of Martial Law". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Office of the President of the Philippines. Retrieved 2013-04-01.
- Danao, Efren (January 23, 2001). "Oreta, Tatad in anguish". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2013-04-01.
- "Public Service Highlights". Kit Tatad Wordpress.
- "Former senator Tatad quits UNO over ‘dynastic ticket’ ". Inquirer Online.
- "Drilon, Tatad clash over pro-prosecution controversy". ABS-CBN News Online.