Born in Lewis County, New York, Thomas graduated from the Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1853. In 1854, he was appointed as house physician for Blackwell's Island, serving for one year.
Elected in 1865, Thomas served as a councilman from the Seventh District from 1866–1867. In 1868, Thomas ran on the Republican ticket for the United States House of Representatives against Democrat Fernando Wood, losing in a close and bitterly contested election.a He subsequently was made Police Surgeon, and held that office for ten years.
- ^a However, in "Fernando Wood: A Political Biography", Jerome Mushkat characterizes Thomas as a "token candidate", which seems to be borne out by Wood winning with 57.6% of the vote to Thomas's 35.7%.
- University, Columbia (1916). Catalogue of Officers and Graduates of Columbia University. New York. p. 335 – via Internet Archive.
francis a. thomas columbia.
- "Death List of a Day: Dr. Francis A. Thomas". The New York Times. 29 September 1899. ProQuest 95746893.
- "Councilmen Elected". The New York Times. 6 December 1865. ProQuest 91936018.
- Mushkat, Jerome (1990). Fernando Wood: A Political Biography. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press. pp. 174–5.
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