|Cardinal; Bishop of Sabina|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Consecration||22 December 1697|
by Gasparo Carpegna
|Born||14 October 1665|
Naples, Kingdom of Naples, Spanish Empire
|Died||9 January 1725|
Rome, Papal States
Francesco Acquaviva was born 14 October 1665 in Naples, the son of Giosia III Acquaviva d'Aragona, 14th Duke of Atri, and Francesca Caracciolo. Grand-nephew of Cardinal Ottavio Acquaviva d'Aragona (iuniore) (1654). Uncle of Cardinal Troiano Acquaviva d’Aragona (1732). Grand-uncle of Cardinal Pasquale Acquaviva d'Aragona (1770). Other cardinals of the family were Giovanni Vincenzo Acquaviva d'Aragona (1542); Giulio Acquaviva d'Aragona (1570); and Ottavio Acquaviva d'Aragona (seniore) (1591).
He obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law from the University of Fermo. He served as Vice-legate in Fermo, and was made a domestic prelate 25 November 1688. The following year, he was appointed Vice-legate in Ferrara. Francesco Acquaviva was consecrated titular archbishop of Larissa 22 December 1697. Francesco Acquaviva filled various offices under Popes Innocent XI, Alexander VIII, Innocent XII, and Clement XI, who created him Cardinal in the consistory of May 17, 1706.
He was nuncio to Spain, from April 6, 1700 until December 7, 1706. In 1708, due to the Austrian conquest of the Kingdom of Naples, he lost a number of ecclesiastical benefices, but was compensated by Philip V with the appointment as diplomatic representative of the Catholic court to the Holy See, as well as cardinal protector of Spain. He was very loyal to Philip V, and sold his silverware to help the king bear the costs of the long war of succession and, in a critical moment, also saved the first wife of that sovereign, Luisa Maria Gabriella of Savoy. He participated in matters such as arranging the marriage of King Philip V and Princess Isabella Farnese of Parma, on August 20, 1714. He resided at the Palazzo di Spagna in Rome.
In 1709, he was named Cardinal-protector of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere. He served as Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, January 26, 1711 until March 2, 1712.Francesco Acquaviva participated in the conclave of 1721, which elected Pope Innocent XIII, and the conclave of 1724, which elected Pope Benedict XIII.
He was buried at Rome in the Church of Santa Cecilia.
- Cardinal Scipione Rebiba
- Cardinal Giulio Antonio Santorio (1566)
- Cardinal Girolamo Bernerio, OP (1586)
- Archbishop Galeazzo Sanvitale (1604)
- Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi (1621)
- Cardinal Luigi Caetani (1622)
- Cardinal Ulderico Carpegna (1630)
- Cardinal Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri degli Albertoni (1666)
- Cardinal Gaspare Carpegna (1670)
- Cardinal Francesco Acquaviva (1697)
|Catholic Church titles|
Baldassare Cenci (seniore)
| Titular Archbishop of Larissa in Thessalia
Giovanni Battista Anguisciola
| Apostolic Nuncio to Spain
| Cardinal-Priest of San Bartolomeo all'Isola
Juan Álvaro Cienfuegos Villazón
Giacomo Antonio Morigia
| Cardinal-Priest of Santa Cecilia
Filippo Antonio Gualtieri
Francesco Pignatelli (seniore)
| Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina