|Final Fantasy VI|
Box art of the original Super Famicom (Japanese) release
Final Fantasy VI,[a] also known as Final Fantasy III from its marketing for its initial North American release in 1994, is a role-playing video game developed and published by Japanese company Square for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. Final Fantasy VI, being the sixth game in the series proper, was the first to be directed by someone other than producer and series creator Hironobu Sakaguchi; the role was filled instead by Yoshinori Kitase and Hiroyuki Ito. Yoshitaka Amano, long-time collaborator to the Final Fantasy series, returned as the character designer and contributed widely to visual concept design, while series regular, composer Nobuo Uematsu, wrote the game's score, which has been released on several soundtrack albums. Set in a fantasy world with technology resembling that of the Second Industrial Revolution, the game's story follows an expanding cast that includes fourteen permanent playable characters. The drama includes and extends past depicting a rebellion against an evil military dictatorship, pursuit of a magical arms race, use of chemical weapons in warfare, depiction of violent, apocalyptic confrontations with divinities, several personal redemption arcs, teenage pregnancy, and the continuous renewal of hope and life itself.
Final Fantasy VI was released to critical acclaim and is seen as a landmark title for the role-playing genre; for instance, it was ranked as the 2nd best RPG of all time by IGN in 2017. Its SNES and PlayStation versions have sold over 3.48 million copies worldwide to date as a stand-alone game, as well as over 750,000 copies as part of the Japanese Final Fantasy Collection and the North American Final Fantasy Anthology. Final Fantasy VI has won numerous awards and is considered by many to be one of the greatest video games of all time.
It was ported by Tose with minor differences to Sony's PlayStation in 1999 and Nintendo's Game Boy Advance in 2006, and it was released for the Wii's Virtual Console in 2011. In 2017, Nintendo re-released Final Fantasy VI as part of the company's Super NES Classic Edition. The game was known as Final Fantasy III when it was first released in North America, as the original Final Fantasy II, Final Fantasy III, and Final Fantasy V had not been released outside Japan at the time (leaving IV as the second title released outside Japan and VI as the third). However, most later localizations use the original title.
Like previous Final Fantasy installments, Final Fantasy VI consists of four basic modes of gameplay: an overworld map, town and dungeon field maps, a battle screen, and a menu screen. The overworld map is a scaled-down version of the game's fictional world, which the player uses to direct characters to various locations. As with most games in the series, the three primary means of travel across the overworld are by foot, chocobo, and airship. With a few plot-driven exceptions, enemies are randomly encountered on field maps and on the overworld when traveling by foot. The menu screen is where the player makes such decisions as which characters will be in the traveling party, which equipment they wield, the magic they learn, and the configuration of the gameplay. It is also used to track experience points and levels.
The game's plot develops as the player progresses through towns and dungeons. Town citizens will offer helpful information and some residents own item or equipment shops. Later in the game, visiting certain towns will activate side-quests. Dungeons appear as a variety of areas, including caves, forests, and buildings. These dungeons often have treasure chests containing rare items that are not available in most stores. Dungeons may feature puzzles and mazes, with some dungeons requiring the player to divide the characters into multiple parties which must work together to advance through the dungeon.
Combat in Final Fantasy VI is menu-based, in which the player selects an action from a list of such options as Fight, Magic, and Item. A maximum of four characters may be used in battles, which are based on the series' traditional Active Time Battle (ATB) system first featured in Final Fantasy IV. Under this system, each character has an action bar that replenishes itself at a rate dependent on their speed statistic. When a character's action bar is filled, the player may assign an action. In addition to standard battle techniques, each character possesses a unique special ability. For example, Locke possesses the ability to steal items from enemies, while Celes' Runic ability allows her to absorb most magical attacks cast until her next turn.
Another element is the Desperation Attack, a powerful attack substitution that occasionally appears when a character's health is low. Similar features appear in later Final Fantasy titles under a variety of different names, including Limit Breaks, Trances, and Overdrives. Characters are rewarded for victorious battles with experience points and money, called gil (Gold Piece (GP) in the original North American localization). When characters attain a certain amount of experience points, they gain a level, which increases their statistics. An additional player may play during battle scenarios, with control of individual characters assigned from the configuration menu.
Characters in Final Fantasy VI can be equipped with a variety of weapons, armor and, particular to this entry, powerful accessories known as "Relics". Weapons and armor increase combat capability mostly by increasing statistics and adding beneficial effects to attacks. By comparison, Relics have a variety of uses and effects, are almost entirely interchangeable among party members, and are extended in sophistication to alter basic battle commands and exceed normal limitations of the game's systems.
Although in Final Fantasy VI only two playable characters start the game with the ability to use magic, magic may later be taught to almost all other playable characters through the game's introduction of magicite and the Espers that magicite shards contain. "Espers" are the game's incarnation of the series' trope of "summons", powerful monstrous beings, many of which are recurring throughout the series, such as Ifrit, Shiva, Bahamut and Odin. Besides those returning from previous entries, Final Fantasy VI features approximately two dozen of them in total, with more added to later versions of the game.
The setting and plot of the game revolve heavily around Espers and their remains when deceased, which are referred to as "magicite". Each piece of magicite has a specific set of magic spells that a character can learn when they are equipped with it in the menu. Additionally, some pieces of magicite grant a statistical bonus to a character when they gain a level. Finally, when a character equips a piece of magicite, they may summon the corresponding Esper during battle.
Instead of the strictly medieval fantasy settings featured in previous Final Fantasy titles, Final Fantasy VI is set in a world that also has prominent steampunk influences. The structure of society is similar to that of the latter half of the 19th century, with opera and the fine arts serving as recurring motifs throughout the game, and a level of technology comparable to that of the Second Industrial Revolution. During the first half of the game, the planet is referred to as the World of Balance, and is divided into three lush continents. The northern continent is punctuated by a series of mountain ranges, the southern continent has been mostly subjugated by the cruel Gestahl Empire, and the eastern continent is home to the Veldt, a massive wilderness inhabited by monsters from all over the world. An apocalyptic event mid-game transforms the planet into the World of Ruin; its withering landmasses are fractured into numerous islands surrounding a larger continent.
The game alludes to a conflict known as the "War of the Magi," which occurred one thousand years prior to the beginning of the game. In this conflict, three quarreling entities known as the "Warring Triad" used innocent humans as soldiers by transforming them into enslaved magical beings called Espers. The Triad realized their wrongdoings; they freed the espers and sealed their own powers inside three stone statues. As a precaution, the espers sealed off both the statues and themselves from the realm of humans. The concept of magic gradually faded to myth as mankind built a society extolling science and technology. At the game's opening, the Empire has taken advantage of the weakening barrier between the human and esper domains, capturing several espers in the process. Using these espers as a power source, the Empire has created "Magitek", a craft that combines magic with machinery (including mechanical infantry) and infuses humans with magical powers. The Empire is opposed by the Returners, a rebel organization seeking to free the subjugated lands.
Final Fantasy VI features fourteen permanent playable characters, the most of any game in the main series, as well as several secondary characters who are only briefly controlled by the player. The starting character, Terra Branford, is a reserved half-human, half-esper girl who spent most of her life as a slave to the Empire, thanks to a mind-controlling device, and is unfamiliar with love. Other primary characters include Locke Cole, a treasure hunter and rebel sympathizer with a powerful impulse to protect women; Celes Chere, a former general of the Empire, who joined the Returners after being jailed for questioning imperial practices; Edgar Roni Figaro, a consummate womanizer and the king of Figaro, who claims allegiance to the Empire while secretly supplying aid to the Returners; Sabin Rene Figaro, Edgar's independent brother, who fled the royal court to hone his martial arts skills; Cyan Garamonde, a loyal knight to the kingdom of Doma who lost his family and friends when Kefka poisoned the kingdom's water supply; Setzer Gabbiani, a habitual gambler, thrill seeker, and owner of the world's only known airship; Shadow, a ninja mercenary who offers his services to both the Empire and the Returners; Relm Arrowny, a young but tough artistic girl with magical powers; Strago Magus, Relm's elderly grandfather and a Blue Mage; Gau, a feral child surviving since infancy on the Veldt; Mog, a pike-toting Moogle from the mines of Narshe; Umaro, a savage but loyal sasquatch also from Narshe, talked into joining the Returners through Mog's persuasion; and Gogo, a mysterious, fully shrouded master of the art of mimicry.
Most of the main characters in the game hold a significant grudge against the Empire and, in particular, Kefka Palazzo, who serves as one of the game's main antagonists along with Emperor Gestahl. The clownish Kefka became the first experimental prototype of a line of magically empowered soldiers called Magitek Knights, rendering him insane; his actions throughout the game reflect his demented nature. The supporting character Ultros serves as a recurring villain and comic relief. A handful of characters have reappeared in later games. Final Fantasy SGI, a short tech demo produced for the Silicon Graphics Onyx workstation, featured polygon-based 3D renderings of Locke, Terra, and Shadow.
In the town of Narshe, Terra participates in an Imperial mission to seize a powerful Esper encased in ice. Upon locating it, a magical reaction occurs between Terra and the Esper; as a result, the soldiers accompanying Terra are killed and Terra is knocked unconscious. Upon awakening, Terra is informed that the Empire had been using a device called a "slave crown" to control her actions. With the crown now removed, Terra cannot remember anything more than her name and her rare ability to use magic unaided. Terra is then introduced to an organization known as the "Returners", who she agrees to help in their revolution against the Empire. The Returners learn that Imperial soldiers, led by Kefka, are planning another attempt to seize the frozen Esper. After repelling Kefka's attack, Terra experiences another magical reaction with the frozen Esper; she transforms into a creature resembling an Esper and flies to another continent. Upon locating Terra, the party is confronted by an Esper named Ramuh, who informs the group that Terra may require the assistance of another Esper imprisoned in the Imperial capital city of Vector.
At Vector, the party attempts to rescue several Espers; however, the Espers are already dying from Magitek experiments and choose instead to offer their lives to the party by transforming into magicite. The group returns to Terra and observes a reaction between her and the magicite "Maduin". The reaction calms Terra and restores her memory; she reveals that she is the half-human, half-Esper child of Maduin and a human woman. With this revelation, the Returners ask Terra to convince the Espers to join their cause. To do this, she travels to the sealed gate between the human and Esper worlds. However, unbeknownst to the party, the Empire also uses Terra to gain access to the Esper world. There, Emperor Gestahl and Kefka retrieve the statues of the Warring Triad, raising a landmass called the Floating Continent. The group confronts Emperor Gestahl and Kefka at the Floating Continent, whereupon Kefka murders Gestahl. Kefka then tampers with the alignment of the statues, which upsets the balance of magic and destroys most of the surface of the world.
One year later, Celes awakens on a deserted island. She learns that Kefka is using the three statues to rule the world in a tyrannical god-like manner, destroying whole villages who oppose him and causing all life to slowly wither away. After Celes escapes the island she searches for her lost comrades, who are found scattered throughout the ruined world, notably Terra who has found a new reason to fight for the future. They soon decide to confront Kefka and end his reign. Once Kefka and the statues are destroyed, the magic and Espers disappear from the world, but Terra is able to survive by hanging onto the human half of her existence. The group watches the world rejuvenate itself.
Final Fantasy VI entered development after the release of its predecessor Final Fantasy V in December 1992. The development of the game took just one year to complete. Series creator and director Hironobu Sakaguchi could not be as intimately involved as in previous installments due to his other projects and his promotion to Executive Vice President of the company in 1991. For that reason, he became the producer and split director responsibilities for Final Fantasy VI up between Yoshinori Kitase and Hiroyuki Ito: Kitase was in charge of event production and the scenario, while Ito handled all battle aspects. Sakaguchi supervised Kitase's cutscene direction and ensured that the project would coalesce as a whole. The idea behind the story of Final Fantasy VI was that every character is the protagonist. All members of the development team contributed ideas for characters and their "episodes" for the overall plot in what Kitase described as a "hybrid process". Consequently, Terra and Locke were conceived by Sakaguchi; Celes and Gau by Kitase; Shadow and Setzer by graphic director Tetsuya Nomura; and Edgar and Sabin by field graphic designer Kaori Tanaka. Then it was Kitase's task to unite the story premise provided by Sakaguchi with all the individual ideas for character episodes to create a cohesive narrative. The scenario of Final Fantasy VI was written by a group of four or five people, among them Kitase who provided key elements of the story, such as the opera scene and Celes' suicide attempt, as well as all of Kefka's appearances.
Regular series character designer Yoshitaka Amano's concept art became the basis for the models in the full motion videos produced for the game's PlayStation re-release. Tetsuya Takahashi, one of the graphic directors, drew the imperial Magitek Armors seen in the opening scene. By doing so, he disregarded Sakaguchi's intention to reuse the regular designs from elsewhere in the game. The sprite art for the characters' in-game appearance was drawn by Kazuko Shibuya. While in the earlier installments, the sprites were less detailed on the map than in battle, Final Fantasy VI's had an equally high resolution regardless of the screen. This enabled the use of animations depicting a variety of movements and facial expressions. Though it was not the first game to utilize the Super NES' Mode 7 graphics, Final Fantasy VI made more extensive use of them than its predecessors. For instance, unlike both Final Fantasy IV and Final Fantasy V, the world map is rendered in Mode 7, which lends a somewhat three-dimensional perspective to an otherwise two-dimensional game.
The original North American localization and release of Final Fantasy VI by Square for the Super NES featured several changes from the original Japanese version. The most obvious of these is the change of the game's title from Final Fantasy VI to Final Fantasy III; because only two games of the series had been localized in North America at the time, Final Fantasy VI was distributed as Final Fantasy III to maintain naming continuity. Unlike Final Fantasy IV (which was first released in North America as Final Fantasy II), there are no major changes to gameplay, though several changes of contents and editorial adjustments exist in the English script. In a January 1995 interview with Super Play magazine, translator Ted Woolsey explained that "there's a certain level of playfulness and ... sexuality in Japanese games that just doesn't exist here [in the USA], basically because of Nintendo of America's rules and guidelines". Consequently, objectionable graphics (e.g. nudity) were censored and building signs in towns were changed (such as Bar being changed to Café), as well as religious allusions (e.g. the spell Holy was renamed Pearl).
Also, some direct allusions to death, killing actions, and violent expressions, as well as offensive words have been replaced by softer expressions. For example, after Edgar, Locke and Terra flee on chocobos from Figaro Castle, Kefka orders two Magitek Armored soldiers to chase them by shouting "Go! KILL THEM!", in the Japanese version. It was translated as "Go! Get them!" Also, when Imperial Troopers burn Figaro Castle, and Edgar claims Terra is not hidden inside the castle, Kefka replies "then you can burn to death" in the Japanese version, which was replaced in the English version by "Then welcome to my barbecue!". Similarly, as Magitek soldiers watch Edgar and his guests escape on Chocobos, Kefka swears in Japanese, which was translated by Ted Woolsey as "Son of a submariner!". The localization also featured changes to several names, such as "Tina" being changed to "Terra". Finally, dialogue text files had to be shortened due to the limited data storage space available on the game cartridge's read-only memory. As a result, additional changes were rendered to dialogue in order to compress it into the available space.
The PlayStation re-release featured only minor changes to the English localization. The title of the game was reverted to Final Fantasy VI from Final Fantasy III, to unify the numbering scheme of the series in North America and Japan with the earlier release of Final Fantasy VII. A few item and character names were adjusted, as in the expansion of "Fenix Down" to "Phoenix Down". Unlike the PlayStation re-release of Final Fantasy IV included in the later Final Fantasy Chronicles compilation, the script was left essentially unchanged. The Game Boy Advance re-release featured a new translation by a different translator, Tom Slattery. This translation preserved most of the character names, location names, and terminology from the Woolsey translation, but changed item and spell names to match the conventions used in more recent titles in the series. The revised script preserved certain quirky lines from the original while changing or editing others, and it cleared up certain points of confusion in the original translation. The Wii Virtual Console release used the Final Fantasy III name of the SNES game.
The soundtrack for Final Fantasy VI was composed by long-time series contributor Nobuo Uematsu. The score consists of themes for each major character and location, as well as music for standard battles, fights with boss enemies and for special cutscenes. The extensive use of leitmotif is one of the defining points of the audio tracks. The "Aria di Mezzo Carattere" is one of the latter tracks, played during a cutscene involving an opera performance. This track features an unintelligible synthesized "voice" that harmonizes with the melody, as technical limitations for the SPC700 sound format chip prevented the use of an actual vocal track (although some developers eventually figured out how to overcome the limitation a few years later). The orchestral album Final Fantasy VI Grand Finale features an arranged version of the aria, using Italian lyrics performed by Svetla Krasteva with an orchestral accompaniment. This version is also found in the ending full motion video of the game's Sony PlayStation re-release, with the same lyrics but a different musical arrangement. In addition, the album Orchestral Game Concert 4 includes an extended version of the opera arranged and conducted by Kōsuke Onozaki and performed by the Tokyo Symphony Orchestra, featuring Wakako Aokimi, Tetsuya Ōno, and Hiroshi Kuroda on vocals. It was also performed at the "More Friends" concert at the Gibson Amphitheatre in 2005 using a new English translation of the lyrics, an album of which is now available. "Dancing Mad", accompanying the game's final battle with Kefka, is 17 minutes long and contains an organ cadenza, with variations on Kefka's theme. The "Ending Theme" combines every playable character theme into one composition lasting over 21 minutes.
The original score was released on three Compact Discs in Japan as Final Fantasy VI: Original Sound Version. A version of this album was later released in North America as Final Fantasy III: Kefka's Domain, this version of the album is the same as its Japanese counterpart, except for different packaging and small differences in the translation of some track names between the album and newer releases. Additionally, Final Fantasy VI: Grand Finale features eleven tracks from the game, arranged by Shirō Sagisu and Tsuneyoshi Saito and performed by the Ensemble Archi Della Scala and Orchestra Sinfonica di Milano (Milan Symphony Orchestra). Piano Collections: Final Fantasy VI, a second arranged album, features thirteen tracks from the game, performed for piano by Reiko Nomura. More recently, "Dancing Mad", the final boss theme from Final Fantasy VI, has been performed at Play! A Video Game Symphony in Stockholm, Sweden on June 2, 2007, by the group Machinae Supremacy.
Nobuo Uematsu's former rock band, The Black Mages, released a progressive metal version of Dancing Mad on their eponymous first album in 2003. Their third album, subtitled Darkness and Starlight, is so named after its premiere track: a rock opera version of the entire opera from FFVI, including the Aria di Mezzo Carattere performed by Etsuyo Ota.
In 2012, a Kickstarter campaign for OverClocked ReMix was funded at $153,633 for the creation of a multiple CD album of remixes of the music from Final Fantasy VI. Andrew Aversa directed the creation of the album, Balance and Ruin, which contains 74 tracks from 74 artists, each with its own unique style. The album is free and available at the OverClocked ReMix website. Video Games Live composer Jillian Aversa, Andrew Aversa's wife, created a music video tribute to Aria di Mezzo Carattere, together with cellist Tina Guo, expanding on the arrangement from Balance and Ruin.
|Game Boy Advance||2006||2007||2007|
|Wii VC (SNES)||2011||2011||2011|
|Wii U VC (SNES)||2013||N/A||N/A|
|Wii U VC (GBA)||2015||N/A||N/A|
|New 3DS VC (SNES)||2017||N/A||N/A|
Final Fantasy VI was ported to the PlayStation by Tose and re-released in Japan and North America in 1999. In Japan, it was available in both a standalone release and as part of Final Fantasy Collection, while in North America it was available only as part of Final Fantasy Anthology. In Europe it was sold only as a standalone release. Fifty thousand limited-edition copies were also released in Japan and included a Final Fantasy-themed alarm clock.
Final Fantasy VI's PlayStation port is very similar to the original Japanese Super Famicom release. With the exception of the addition of two full motion video opening and ending sequences and new screen-transition effects used for the start and end of battles, the graphics, music and sound are left unchanged from the original version. The only notable changes to gameplay (in addition to loading times not present in the cartridge versions) involve the correction of a few software bugs from the original and the addition of a new "memo save" feature, allowing players to quickly save their progress to the PlayStation's RAM. The re-release included other special features, such as a bestiary and an artwork gallery. On December 18, 2012, the port was re-released as part of the Final Fantasy 25th Anniversary Ultimate Box package in Japan.
After the PlayStation, Tose then ported the game to the Game Boy Advance, on which it was released as Final Fantasy VI Advance. It was released in Japan by Square Enix on November 30, 2006, with Nintendo handling publishing in North America on February 5, 2007, and in Europe on July 6. It was the last game to be released on the Game Boy Advance in Asia, as well as the last one to be published by Nintendo on the system. It includes additional gameplay features, slightly improved visuals, and a new translation that follows Japanese naming conventions for the spells and monsters. It does not, however, have the full-motion videos from the PlayStation version of the game. Four new espers appear in Advance: Leviathan, Gilgamesh, Cactuar, and Diabolos. Two new areas include the Dragons' Den dungeon, which includes the Kaiser Dragon, a monster coded, but not included, in the original, and a "Soul Shrine", a place where the player can fight monsters continuously. Three new spells also appear, and several bugs from the original are fixed. In addition, similarly to the other handheld Final Fantasy re-releases, a bestiary and a music player are included. Even in the Japanese version, the music player is in English and uses the American names, e.g. Strago over Stragus. The package features new artwork by series veteran and original character and image designer Yoshitaka Amano.
The original Super Famicom version was released for the Wii Virtual Console in Japan on March 15, 2011, in PAL territories (Europe and Australia) on March 18, 2011, and in North America on June 30, 2011. The game was released in the West with its original North American title of Final Fantasy III. The Super Famicom version was later released on the Wii U Virtual Console in Japan. On December 22, 2015, Square Enix released the Game Boy Advance version on the Wii U Virtual Console in Japan.
Mobile platforms and PC
Ports of Final Fantasy VI for Android and iOS mobile operating systems were announced in 2013. The mobile-optimized versions of the game were released on Android on January 15, 2014, and iOS on February 6, 2014 with mobile-adapted controls and save features, but redrawn, slightly blurry graphics.
A Windows PC port, itself a port of the Android version, was released for Windows PC via Steam on December 16, 2015. The Steam release featured controls optimized for PC, Steam achievements and trading cards.
Final Fantasy VI received critical acclaim and was commercially successful in Japan upon release. In mid-1994 Square's publicity department reported that the game had sold 2.55 million copies in Japan. In the United States, where it went on sale in the last quarter of 1994, it became the year's eighth best-selling SNES cartridge; despite this, it was not a commercial success in that region, according to Sakaguchi. As of March 31, 2003, the game had shipped 3.48 million copies worldwide, with 2.62 million of those copies being shipped in Japan and 860,000 abroad. Final Fantasy Collection sold over 400,000 copies in 1999, making it the 31st-best-selling release of that year in Japan. Final Fantasy Anthology has sold approximately 364,000 copies in North America. Final Fantasy VI Advance sold over 223,000 copies in Japan by the end of 2006, one month after release.
GamePro rated it 4.5 out of 5 in graphics and a perfect 5.0 in sound, control, and fun factor, stating that "characters, plotlines, and multiple-choice scenarios all combine to form one fantastic game!" The four reviewers of Electronic Gaming Monthly granted it a unanimous score of 9 out of 10 and their "Game of the Month" award, commenting that it had set the new standard for excellence in RPGs. They particularly praised the graphics, music, and the strong emotional involvement of the story. It won several awards from Electronic Gaming Monthly in their 1994 video game awards, including Best Role-Playing Game, Best Japanese Role-Playing Game, and Best Music for a Cartridge-Based Game. Additionally, they ranked the game ninth in their 1997 list of the 100 greatest console games of all time. Famitsu scored it 37 out of 40, making it one of their two highest-rated games of 1994 (along with Ridge Racer). For their part, Nintendo Power declared the game "the RPG hit of the decade", noting its improved sound and graphics over its predecessors, and the game's broadened thematic scope. Moreover, they suggested that "with so much story and variation of play ... fans may become lost in the world for months at a time". Nintendo Power also opined that the game plot was "not particularly inventive" and the "story is often sappy–not written for an American audience".
In 1997, Nintendo Power ranked it as the eighth greatest Nintendo game, saying it "had everything you could want—heroes, world-shattering events, magic, mindless evil—plus Interceptor the wonder dog!" The same year, GamePro said it "still remains one of the most fun, innovative, and challenging RPGs to date." In 1996, Next Generation said the scene in which Terra cares for a village of orphaned children "can perhaps be safely named as the series' finest hour ... no other game series has tackled such big issues, or reached such a level of emotional depth and complexity."
Final Fantasy Collection received 54 out of 60 points from Weekly Famitsu, scored by a panel of six reviewers. IGN described the graphics of the PlayStation re-release as "beautiful and stunning", reflecting that, at the time of its release, "Final Fantasy III... represented everything an RPG should be", inspiring statistic growth systems that would later influence titles like Wild Arms and Suikoden. Moreover, they praised its gameplay and storyline, claiming that these aspects took "all ... preceding RPG concepts and either came up with something completely new or refined them enough to make them its own", creating an atmosphere in which "[players] won't find it difficult to get past the simplistic graphics or seemingly out-dated gameplay conventions and become involved". RPGamer gave a perfect rating to both the original game and its PlayStation re-release, citing its gameplay as "self-explanatory enough that most any player could pick up the game and customize their characters' equipment", while praising its music as "a 16-bit masterpiece".
The game's release for the Game Boy Advance also garnered praise. the Game Boy Advance re-release was named eighth best Game Boy Advance game of all time in IGN's feature reflecting on the Game Boy Advance's long lifespan. Final Fantasy VI is often regarded as one of the best titles in the series and one of the best role-playing video games ever created according to multiple websites. Readers of the Japanese magazine Famitsu voted it as the 25th best game of all time. In an updated version of the "Top 100" list in 2007, IGN ranked Final Fantasy VI as the ninth top game of all time, above all other Final Fantasy games in the series. They continued to cite the game's character development, and especially noted Kefka as "one of the most memorable bad guys in RPG history." Nintendo Power listed the ending to Final Fantasy VI as one of the best finales, citing the narrative and cast variety.
Following Final Fantasy VI, Square began testing for its next entry Final Fantasy VII on the SNES, but technical issues, escalating cartridge costs and the higher storage capacity of CD technology persuaded Square to move Final Fantasy VII and all their subsequent titles onto the PlayStation. During early testing on 3D development software, the team rendered a battle involving Final Fantasy VI characters Terra, Locke and Shadow. The decision to move to PlayStation soured the relations between Square and Nintendo. Due to this, Final Fantasy VI was the last series title to release on a Nintendo platform until Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles in 2003. Final Fantasy VI was included in the Super NES Classic Edition and is listed as Final Fantasy III for the North American and European release on September 29, 2017.
In 2010, Square Enix producer Shinji Hashimoto stated that the development of a remake of Final Fantasy VI for the Nintendo DS was "undecided" due to "technical issues". Later, however, Square discussed remaking VI as well as V for the Nintendo 3DS. In 2015, Tetsuya Nomura, then directing Final Fantasy VII Remake, expressed interest in remaking Final Fantasy V and VI.
- "Super NES Classic Edition". Nintendo of America, Inc. September 29, 2017.
- Square Enix staff, ed. (1999). Final Fantasy Anthology instruction manual. Square Enix. p. 39. SLUS-00900GH.
- "Final Fantasy VI—Battle Systems". Square Enix. 2002. Archived from the original on March 9, 2008. Retrieved July 21, 2006.
- "IGN Presents: The History of Final Fantasy VII". IGN. April 30, 2008. Archived from the original on January 28, 2014. Retrieved April 1, 2009.
- Square Enix staff, ed. (1999). Final Fantasy Anthology instruction manual. Square Enix. p. 47. SLUS-00900GH.
- Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
(NPC in Jidoor) You like art? No? Philistines!
- Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
Left statue: The birth of magic... three goddesses were banished here. In time they began quarreling, which led to all-out war. Those unlucky humans who got in the way were transformed to Espers, and used as living war machines. / Right Statue: The goddesses finally realized that they were being laughed at by those who had banished them here. In a rare moment of mutual clarity, they agreed to seal themselves away from the world. With their last ounce of energy they gave the Espers back their own free will, and then transformed themselves... ...into stone. Their only request was that the Espers keep them sealed away from all eternity. / Center Statue: The Espers created these statues as a symbol of their vow to let the goddesses sleep in peace. The Espers have sworn to keep the goddesses' power from being abused.
- Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
(Game opening) Long ago, the War of the Magi reduced the world to a scorched wasteland, and magic simply ceased to exist. 1000 years have passed... Iron, gunpowder and steam engines have been rediscovered, and high technology reigns...
- Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
(Soldier) Open up! Give us back the girl and the Empire's Magitek Armor!
- Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
Wedge: Not to worry. The Slave Crown on her head robs her of all conscious thought. She'll follow our orders.
- Locke: On the surface, Edgar pretends to support the Empire. The truth is, he's collaborating with the Returners, an organization opposed to the Empire. I am his contact with that group... The old man you met in Narshe is one of us. Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
(NPC in Vector) That guy Kefka? He was Cid's first experimental Magitek Knight. But the process wasn't perfected yet. Something in Kefka's mind snapped that day...!
- "Final Fantasy SGI Demo". RPGamer. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 10, 2006.
- Terra: You... saved me? / Locke: Save your thanks for the Moogles! / Terra: Uhh... I can't remember anything... past or present... / Locke: You have amnesia!? Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- Banon: Have you made a decision? Will you become our last ray of hope? ... / Terra: I'll do it! Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- Locke: ...Where's Terra? / Celes: She changed into a...something, and...took off. She looked like... She looked like...an Esper... Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- (Unidentified character) Terra looks like she's in pain. / Ramuh: Her very existence strikes fear into her own heart. / (Unidentified character) How can we help her? / Ramuh: When she accepts this aspect of herself, I think she'll be all right. / (Unidentified character) We have to help her! / Ramuh: Then free those of my kind imprisoned in Gestahl's Magitek Research Facility. One of them can surely help her. Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- (An Esper) Our friends are all gone... We haven't much time left... We have no choice but to entrust you with our essences... / Esper: You want to help me... But... I haven't long to live. Just as Ifrit did before me, I'll give to you my power... Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- Terra: Father...? I remember it all... I was raised in the Espers' world. ... / Terra: I'm the product of an Esper and a human... That's where I got my powers... Now I understand... I finally feel I can begin to control this power of mine... Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- Arvis: I see... Your plan would combine Narshe's money with Figaro's machinery to storm the Empire... not enough manpower, though... / Banon: We have to open the sealed gate... Terra!? / Terra: To the Esper World...? / Arvis: We'll never beat the Empire without them. / Banon: When the gate has been opened, the Espers can attack from the east. We'll storm in at the same time, from the north. No way around it. We MUST get the Espers to understand. We have to establish a bond of trust between humans and Espers. Only one person can do this... Terra... / Terra: Half human, half Esper... My existence is proof that such a bond CAN exist... I'll do it. I'm the only one who can! Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- Kefka: G'ha, ha, ha! Emperor's orders! I'm to bring the Magicite remains of these Espers to his excellency! Behold! A Magicite mother lode!! Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- Setzer: We've been had!! The Emperor is a liar! ... / Edgar: I got to know the gal who brought us tea. After a while, she just blurted out the whole crooked plan. Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- Cid: Celes... at last...! You're finally awake... / Celes: I... feel like I've been sleeping forever... / Cid: For one year, actually... ... / Cid: We're on a tiny, deserted island. After the world crumbled, I awoke to find us here together with... a few strangers. / Cid: Since that day, the world's continued its slide into ruin. Animals and plants are dying... The few others who washed up here with us passed away of boredom and despair. Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- Celes: Terra! What's wrong? The Magicite... Magic is disappearing from this world... / Edgar: The Espers... They no longer exist... / Celes: You mean Terra, too? / Terra: Come with me. I can lead you out with my last ounce of strength. Square Co (October 11, 1994). Final Fantasy III (Super NES). Square Soft.
- "The Making Of... Final Fantasy VI". Edge. Future Publishing (251): 124–127. March 2013.
- Ishaan (August 6, 2013). "Final Fantasy VI Took Just One Year To Make Says Director Yoshinori Kitase". siliconera.com. Archived from the original on April 19, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- Parish, Jeremy (February 24, 2010). "Final Fantasy: Kitase's Inside Story". 1UP.com. UGO Networks. Archived from the original on May 26, 2016. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
- "Hironobu Sakaguchi/Chairman and CEO". Square USA. Archived from the original on May 11, 2000.
- Square Co., Ltd. (April 2, 1994). Final Fantasy VI (Super Famicom) (in Japanese). Square Co., Ltd. Scene: staff credits.
- "Interview with Hironobu Sakaguchi". Shūkan Famitsū. ASCII Corporation. June 5, 1998. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011.
- "Dissidia: Final Fantasy Interview". Eurogamer. May 7, 2009. Archived from the original on February 7, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Kitase, Yoshinori (August 27, 2009). "The Making of Dissidia Final Fantasy—Final Words from the Producer". 1UP. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Musashi. "RPGFan Reviews – Final Fantasy Anthology". RPGFan. Archived from the original on August 1, 2009. Retrieved October 22, 2009.
- "Iwata Asks: In Conversation with Takahashi & Sakaguchi". Nintendo. November 11, 2011. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Ogura, Masaya (March 16, 2013). "「最近目指しているのは，洗練された美しいドット絵，ですね」――FF誕生以前から，アルバム「FINAL FANTASY TRIBUTE ～THANKS～」までを，スクウェア・エニックスのデザイナー・渋谷員子氏に振り返ってもらった". 4Gamer. Archived from the original on May 8, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- "Final Fantasy Retrospective Part IV". Gametrailers.com. Archived from the original on April 25, 2016. Retrieved April 20, 2008.
- Otterland. "Final Fantasy VI—Retroview". RPGamer. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved July 22, 2006.
- "Final Fantasy III". Electronic Gaming Monthly. Ziff Davis (63): 172. October 1994.
- "Fantasy Quest: Interview with Ted Woolsey". Super Play. Future Publishing. 1 (23). September 1994. ISSN 0966-6192.
- Beckett, Michael. "Final Fantasy VI – Staff Re-Retroview". RPGamer. Archived from the original on September 13, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
- "Final Fantasy VI advance info". GameFAQs. 2007. Archived from the original on May 13, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2007.
- Dunham, Jeremy (February 15, 2007). "IGN: Final Fantasy VI Advance Review". IGN. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
- Schreier, Jason (2007). "Final Fantasy VI Advance Staff Review". RPGamer. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2007.
- Farand, Eric. "Original Game Concert 4". RPGFan. Archived from the original on September 13, 2006. Retrieved August 10, 2006.
- "Uematsu's Music—More Friends". Square Enix USA. Archived from the original on April 9, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2007.
- Gann, Patrick. "More Friends music from Final Fantasy ~Los Angeles Live 2005~". RPGFan. Archived from the original on June 11, 2007. Retrieved June 20, 2007.
- Schweitzer, Ben & Gann, Patrick. "Final Fantasy VI OSV". RPGFan. Archived from the original on September 8, 2006. Retrieved August 10, 2006.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Thomas, Damian. "RPGFan Soundtracks—Final Fantasy III: Kefka's Domain". RPGFan. Archived from the original on August 17, 2013. Retrieved July 22, 2006.
- Space, Daniel; Gann, Patrick. "Final Fantasy VI Grand Finale". RPGFan. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2006.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Space, Daniel; Gann, Patrick. "Final Fantasy VI Piano Collections". RPGFan. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2006.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- "Play! A Video Game Symphony Upcoming Concerts". Play! A Video Game Symphony. Archived from the original on February 7, 2010. Retrieved June 20, 2007.
- Aversa, Andrew. "Final Fantasy VI: Balance and Ruin OC Remix". OCRemix. Archived from the original on September 4, 2014. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
- "Final Fantasy VI Opera Scene Gets A Moving Music Video Tribute". Comicbook.com. Retrieved June 6, 2020.
- "Final Fantasy Collection Coming". IGN. Archived from the original on August 22, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2007.
- Square Enix staff, ed. (1999). Final Fantasy Anthology instruction manual. Square Enix. p. 30. SLUS-00900GH.
- Square Enix, ed. (1999). Final Fantasy Anthology instruction manual. Square Enix. pp. 50–53. SLUS-00900GH.
- Gantayat, Anoop (August 31, 2012). "Full Final Fantasy 25th Anniversary Ultimate Box Game List". Andriasang. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Hindman, Heath. "Final Fantasy VI Joins Series Brethren on PSN". PlayStationLifeStyle.net. AtomicOnline, LLC. Archived from the original on October 6, 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- "Announcing Square Enix's Winter of RPGs Campaign". Retrieved November 3, 2011.
- "Final Fantasy VI Advance for Game Boy Advance". GameSpot. Archived from the original on February 19, 2010. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- Final Fantasy VI Official Complete Guide (in Japanese). Japan: Square Enix. January 2007. p. 011. ISBN 978-4-7575-1846-9.
- Villoria, Gerald (February 14, 2007). "Final Fantasy VI Advance". GameSpy. Archived from the original on July 31, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- Gantayat, Anoop (February 25, 2011). "Final Fantasy VI Set for Virtual Console". andriasang.com. Archived from the original on December 25, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- "Final Fantasy VI Finally Hits The U.S. Virtual Console". Siliconera. Siliconera. Archived from the original on July 4, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- Spencer. "Final Fantasy VI Moogle Slamming Virtual Console In North America". Siliconera. Siliconera. Archived from the original on April 20, 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- Totilo, Stephen (October 9, 2013). "Final Fantasy VI Is Coming To iOS and Android, VII Could Follow". Kotaku. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- Diener, Matthew (January 15, 2014). "[Update] SNES classic Final Fantasy VI arrives on Android". Pocketgamer.co.uk. Archived from the original on April 11, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- Reed, Chris (October 22, 2015). "Final Fantasy VI Review". Slide to Play. Archived from the original on April 28, 2016. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
- Ford, Eric (February 10, 2014). "'Final Fantasy VI' Review - Pure Magic(ite)". TouchArcade. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
- Schreier, Jason. "The Ugliest Version Of Final Fantasy VI Is Coming To Steam". Kotaku.
- "Final Fantasy III for Super Nintendo". GameRankings. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on August 31, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
- "Final Fantasy VI Advance for Game Boy Advance". GameRankings. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on August 31, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
- "Final Fantasy VI Advance for Game Boy Advance Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on August 28, 2011. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- "Final Fantasy VI for iPhone/iPad Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on May 25, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- "Final Fantasy VI Review for GBA from 1UP.com". 1Up.com. Archived from the original on May 24, 2012.
- "Final Fantasy III". Allgame. Archived from the original on November 14, 2014. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
- "SquareSoft". Edge Reviews Database. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2008.
- "Final Fantasy Anthology: Reviews". GameRankings. Archived from the original on December 31, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
- Parkin, Simon (March 6, 2007). "Final Fantasy VI Advance". Eurogamer.net. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- "Famitsu Hall of Fame". Geimin.net. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- "Final Fantasy – famitsu Scores Archive". Famitsu Scores Archive. Archived from the original on April 16, 2008. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
- プレイステーション – ファイナルファンタジーVI. Weekly Famitsu. No.915 Pt.2. Pg.19. 30 June 2006.
- GameFan, volume 2, issue 11 (November 1994), pages 31 & 98-100
- Vestal, Andrew (October 14, 1999). "Final Fantasy Anthology for PlayStation Reviews—PlayStation Final Fantasy Anthology Reviews". GameSpot. Archived from the original on April 12, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2006.
- Mueller, Greg (February 13, 2007). "Final Fantasy VI Advance for Game Boy Advance Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on September 30, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- Thomas, Lucas M. (July 1, 2011). "Final Fantasy III Review". IGN. Retrieved March 31, 2020.
- "Now Playing". Nintendo Power. Nintendo of America Inc. 65: 107. October 1994.
Graphics and Sound: 3.9 / 5, Play Control: 3.1 / 5, Challenge: 3.9/5, Theme and Fun: 4.0/5
- Ford, Eric (February 10, 2014). "'Final Fantasy VI' Review – Pure Magic(ite)". TouchArcade. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
- Electronic Gaming Monthly's Buyer's Guide, 1995.
- GameFan, volume 3, issue 1 (January 1995), pages 68-75
- Next Generation, issue 8, August 1995, page 40
- Mackey, Bob (September 4, 2015). "Hironobu Sakaguchi Clears the Air on Final Fantasy VI". USgamer. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2015.
- "Titles of game software with worldwide shipments exceeding 1 million copies" (PDF). Square Enix. February 9, 2004. p. 27. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
- "1999 Top 100 Best Selling Japanese Console Games". The Magic Box. Archived from the original on December 15, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- "US Platinum Videogame Chart". The Magic Box. Archived from the original on April 21, 2007. Retrieved August 13, 2005.
- "2006年ゲームソフト年間売上TOP500" [2006 Game Software Annual Sales Top 500]. Famitsū Gēmu Hakusho 2007 ファミ通ゲーム白書2007 [Famitsu Game Whitebook 2007] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Enterbrain. 2007. p. 387. ISBN 978-4-7577-3577-4. JPNO 21240454. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015.
- Scary Larry (November 1994). "Final Fantasy III". GamePro. IDG Communications. 74 (11): 192–194.
- "100 Best Games of All Time". Electronic Gaming Monthly. No. 100. Ziff Davis. November 1997. p. 154. Note: Contrary to the title, the intro to the article (on page 100) explicitly states that the list covers console video games only, meaning PC games and arcade games were not eligible.
- Final Fantasy III. Nintendo Power 65, page 27. October 1994.
- Now Playing. Nintendo Power 65, page 103. October 1994.
- "Now Playing". Nintendo Power. Nintendo of America Inc. 65: 103. October 1994.
- 100 Best games of all time. Nintendo Power 100, page 89. September 1997.
- Scary Larry (October 1997). "Final Fantasy Forever!". GamePro. No. 109. IDG. p. 51.
- "Top 100 Games of All Time". Next Generation. No. 21. Imagine Media. September 1996. p. 64.
- Reyes, Francesca. "Final Fantasy Anthology". IGN. Archived from the original on December 3, 2012. Retrieved June 19, 2006.
- Alley, Jake. "Final Fantasy VI—Review". RPGamer. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved July 1, 2006.
- Lewis, Zachary. "Final Fantasy VI—Retroview". RPGamer. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved July 1, 2006.
- Harris, Craig (March 16, 2007). "Top 25 Game Boy Advance Games of All Time". IGN. Archived from the original on September 7, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2007.
- "IGN's top 100 games of all time". IGN. Archived from the original on August 2, 2005. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- NP Top 200. Nintendo Power 200. February 2006. pp. 58–66.
- Campbell, Colin (2006). "Japan Votes on All Time Top 100". Next Generation Magazine. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008. Retrieved March 11, 2006.
- "The Video Game Hall of Fame – Final Fantasy III (US)". IGN. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- "Top 100 RPGs of All Time". IGN. June 22, 2011. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
- "IGN's Top 100 Games of All Time". IGN. 2007. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
- The Game Informer staff (December 2009). "The Top 200 Games of All Time". Game Informer (200): 44–79. ISSN 1067-6392. OCLC 27315596.
- Cork, Jeff (November 16, 2009). "Game Informer's Top 100 Games of All Time (Circa Issue 100)". Game Informer. Archived from the original on February 19, 2016. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- "Best SNES games". GamesRadar. May 9, 2014. Archived from the original on May 2, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
- "Top 100 RPGs of All Time". IGN. May 1, 2017. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
- Nintendo Power 250th issue!. South San Francisco, California: Future US. 2010. p. 49.
- "The Making Of: Final Fantasy VII". Edge. Future plc (123): 108–113. May 2003. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012.
- Leone, Matt (January 9, 2017). "Final Fantasy 7: An oral history". Polygon. Vox Media. Archived from the original on January 9, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
- blackoak. "Final Fantasy VII – 1997 Developer Interviews". Shmuplations. Archived from the original on September 23, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- GameTrailers (October 10, 2007). "Final Fantasy Retrospective - Part XI". YouTube. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
- "Nintendo Official SNES Classic Edition site". Archived from the original on July 6, 2017.
- "Final Fantasy V and VI Have "Technical Issues" on DS". Archived from the original on June 3, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Goldman, Tom. "Square Considering Final Fantasy V & VI Remakes On 3DS". Escapistmagazine.com. Archived from the original on October 4, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Osborn, Alex (June 17, 2015). "E3 2015: FF7 Director Wants to Remake More Final Fantasy Games". IGN. Archived from the original on November 3, 2015. Retrieved November 8, 2015.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Final Fantasy VI|
- Square Enix's Official Final Fantasy VI Advance website (in Japanese)
- Nintendo's Official Final Fantasy III (Virtual Console version) website (in English)
- "Nintendo's Official Final Fantasy VI Advance website". Archived from the original on February 6, 2007. (in English)
- Final Fantasy VI at MobyGames