1949 Le Mans-winning Ferrari 166MM
|Production||1948 – 1953|
|Designer||Carlo Anderloni at Carrozzeria Touring|
|Body and chassis|
|Engine||2.0 L Colombo V12|
|Predecessor||Ferrari 159 S|
|Successor||Ferrari 195 S|
The Ferrari 166 S was an evolution of Ferrari's 125 S sports race car that became a sports car for the street in the form of the 166 Inter. Only 39 Ferrari 166 S were produced, soon followed by the production of the 166 Mille Miglia (MM) which was made in much larger numbers from 1949 to 1952. The 166 MM was an updated 166 S and went on to score many of Ferrari’s early international victories, making the manufacturer a serious competitor in the racing industry.
The 166 shared its Aurelio Lampredi-designed tube frame and double wishbone/live axle suspension with the 125. Like the 125, the wheelbase was 2420 mm long. 39 examples were produced from its introduction at the Turin Motor Show in 1948 to its retirement in 1950, when it was replaced by the 2.3 L 195 S. The first 166 Inter was designed by Touring's chief stylist, Carlo Anderloni. 166 S competition models were generally coachbuilt by Carrozzeria Allemano.
The 1.5 L Gioacchino Colombo-designed V12 engine of the 125 was changed, however, with single overhead camshafts specified and a larger 2.0 L (1995 cc/121 in³) displacement. This was achieved with both a bore and stroke increase, to 60 by 58.8 mm respectively. Output was 110 to 140 hp (82 to 104 kW) at 6,000 rpm with one to three carburettors.
Nine 166 Spider Corsas and three 166 Sports were built. The oldest Ferrari car with an undisputed pedigree still in existence is VIN#002C, a Model 166 Spider Corsa which was originally a 159 and is currently owned and driven by James Glickenhaus. #0052M, a 1950 166 MM Touring Barchetta was uncovered in a barn and was shown in public for the first time since 1959 in the August 2006 issue of Cavallino magazine.
Ferrari 166 racing cars won Mille Miglia in both 1948 and 1949, driven by Clemente Biondetti and Giuseppe Navone the first year and Biondetti and Ettore Salani the next. In 1949 the 166 also won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the hands of Luigi Chinetti and Lord Selsdon, and the Targa Florio, with Clemente Biondetti and Igor Troubetzkoy, making it the only car ever to win all three races. The same year, another 166 won the 1949 Spa 24 Hours.
A 166 chassis, this time with the bigger 195 engine, won the Mille Miglia again in 1950 with drivers Giannino Marzotto and Marco Crosara.
- Ascerbi, Leonardo (2006). Ferrari: A Complete Guide to All Models. Motorbooks. ISBN 0-7603-2550-2.
- Buckley, Martin; Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7.
- "1948 Ferrari 166 MM news, pictures, and information". Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- "Registro Internazionale Touring Superleggera". Retrieved November 11, 2012.
- "1948 Ferrari 166 S". Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- "GILCO Ferrari 166 chassis". Gilco Design. Retrieved August 10, 2006.
- "A Perfect 10: The Greatest Ferraris Of All Time". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2017-11-25.
- http://www.barchetta.cc/english/All.Ferraris/Detail/049S.166Inter.htm 049S Inter Ghia (rebuilt by Touring)] by barchetta.cc, last accessed Nov 17, 2016
- 166 Spyder Corsa from barchetta.cc, last accessed on Nov 17, 2016.
- 166 Sport by barchetta.cc, last accessed on Nov 17, 2016.