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|Federal Penitentiary Service|
|Formed||March 12, 1879 as Main Prisons Directorate|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Governing body||Ministry of Justice|
|Headquarters||Zhitnaya 14, Moscow|
|Parent agency||Russian Ministry of Justice|
Federal Penitentiary Service (FSIN of Russia, in Russian: Федеральная служба ��сполнения наказаний, ФСИН России Federalnaya Sluzhba Ispolneniya Nakazaniy, FSIN Rossii "Russian Federal Service of punishment fulfillment") - is the official name of the Russian federal prison authority responsible for security and maintenance of prisons in Russia. The organization was founded in 2004 as the successor to the Main Directorate of the Penitentiary (Главное управление исполнения наказаний, ГУИН) of the MVD, which has been transferred to the Ministry of Justice.
The first body that was dealing with maintenance and security of detention and prison facilities in Russian Empire was the Main Prison Administration of the Russian Interior Ministry which was first established on February 27, 1879.
On December 13, 1895 the Department was part of the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Empire, and in April 1917 the prison system become to the Main Administration Penalties Sites (GUMZ). On 25 December 1917, the Prisons Administration was organized and in January 1918 became the prisons directorate.
In April 7, 1930 the Gulag was established, which existed until 1958.
In 1960, the Main Administration for Execution of Punishments (GUIN) was born under the Soviet Interior Ministry.
In 2006 the organization became the Federal Service for Executions of Punishments and was placed under the Russian Ministry of Justice.
The main tasks of the FSIN are:
- the execution, in accordance with Russian legislation penal, detention of persons suspected or accused of committing crimes, and defendants;
- control the behavior of probationers and prisoners, which the court granted a deferment sentence;
- ensuring the protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of convicts and persons in custody;
- ensuring law and order in the institutions, enforcing criminal penalties of imprisonment (hereinafter - institutions executing punishment), and in detention centers, security contained in them convicts, persons in custody, as well as employees of the correctional system, officials and citizens in the territories of these institutions and detention facilities;
- protecting and escorting prisoners and persons detained on the specified routes escort, convoy of Russian citizens and stateless persons on the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as foreign citizens and stateless persons in the case of their extradition;
- a prisoners and detainees in detention, detention conditions, in accordance with international law, provisions of international treaties and federal laws;
- The organization of the activities to provide assistance to convicted in social adaptation;
- management of the territorial bodies of the FSIN directly subordinate agencies.
- The FSIN Diggers use the Metro-2, when they need to transfer high-risk prisoners.
The FSIN is headed by the Director of the Federal Penitentiary Service, who is appointed and dismissed by the President of Russia on the recommendation of the Prime Minister.
The Director is authorized to have six deputies, including one first deputy. Deputy directors are appointed and dismissed by the President of the Russia.
- Yuri Kalinin (2004-2009)
- Alexander Reimer (2009-2012) (Appointed by then-President Dmitry Medvedev, he was the first to head the federal prison system without previous service.
- Gennady Korienko (2012–Present) (Appointed by President Vladimir Putin to replace Reimer.
Rate of Russian prisoners population
Until 2000, Russia was first in the world in the number of prisoners per 100,000 people. However, the United States is now ranked as having the highest incarceration rate.
Chief Rabbi of the federal prison system
In 2007, in the first time since 1917 was established the Military Rabbinate of Russia, Rabbi Aharon Gurevich was appointed to the chief military Rabbi, Rabbi Gurevich has served as the chief rabbi of the Russian Federal Prison system and Security forces.
FSIN have eight special correctional facilities only for prisoners serving life sentences and those formerly sentenced to death:
- Ognenny Ostrov - ФКУ ИК-5, Official - Federal State Institution “Correctional Colony No. 5 of the Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service in the Vologda Oblast”. Also known as "Pyatak/ Volgoda Nickel", it opened 1953 and have capacity 505 inmates, including 55 cell high-security section..
- Снежинка_(колония) - ФКУ ИК-6, Official: Federal state institution "Correctional Colony No. 6 of the Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service in the Khabarovsk Territory". Also known as "Snowflake", it opened 2017 and have capacity of 378 inmates.
- White_Swan_(prison) - Official: Federal State Institution “Association of Correctional Colonies No. 2 with special economic conditions for the Main Directorate of the Federal Penitentiary Service in the Perm Territory”. Also known "White Swan", it opened in 1938 and have a capacity of 962 inmates.
- Чёрный_беркут - Official: Federal state institution “Correctional Colony No. 56 of the Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service in the Sverdlovsk Region”. Also known as "Black golden eagle", it opened 1935 and have a capacity of 469 inmates.
- Торбеевский_централ - Official: Federal state institution "Correctional Colony No. 6 of the Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service in the Republic of Mordovia". Also known as "Torbeev Central", it opened 2015.
- Black Dolphin Prison - ФКУ ИК-6, Official: Federal State Institution "Correctional Colony No. 6 of the Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service in the Orenburg Region". Also known as "Black Dolphin Prison", it opened 1773 and capacity of 1600 inmates.
- Полярная_сова_(колония) - ФКУ ИК-18, Official: Federal State Institution “Correctional Colony No. 18 of the Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug”. 18. Also known as "Arctic owl", it opened 1961 and have a capacity of 1014 inmates.
- Мордовская_зона- Official: Federal State Institution “Correctional Colony No. 1 of the Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service in the Republic of Mordovia. Also known as "Mordovian zone", it opened 1931 and have a capacity of 1005 inmates.
Also a number of federal penal colones.
- Сегежская_исправительная_колония - ФКУ ИК-7, Official: Federal state institution "Correctional Colony No. 7 of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia for the Republic of Karelia). Also known as Segezha correctional colony. It opened in 1968 and have capacity of 1342 inmates.
- Lgov Prison - ФКУ ИК-3, Official: Federal State Institution “Correctional Colony No. 3 of the Office of the Federal Penitentiary Service in the Kursk Region”. Also known as "Lgov prison,
- Federal Bureau of Prisons - The American counterpart
- Aharon Gurevich
- Saturn (detachment) - Moscow FSIN department Special purpose unit "Saturn"
- "Federal Penitentiary Service Archived 2011-11-25 at the Wayback Machine." Government of Russia. Retrieved on 5 October 2011. "Address: 14 Zhitnaya Ulitsa, Moscow 119991"
- Putin appointed new Head of FSIN, Vesti.ru
- Highest to Lowest. World Prison Brief. International Centre for Prison Studies. Use dropdown menu to choose lists of countries by region, or the whole world. Use menu to select highest-to-lowest lists of prison population totals, prison population rates, percentage of pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners, percentage of female prisoners, percentage of foreign prisoners, and occupancy rate. Column headings in tables can be clicked to reorder columns lowest to highest, or alphabetically. For detailed info for each country go to the World Prison Brief main page and click on the map links and/or the sidebar links to get to the region and country desired.
- Official website (in Russian)
- The official news FSIN (in Russian)
- Official Community VKontakte (in Russian)
- Unofficial website of workers of The Russian Federal Penitentiary Service (in Russian)