|President of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal|
|Assumed office |
20 March 2018
|President of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F)|
|Assumed office |
|Leader of the Opposition (Pakistan)|
25 March 2004 – 15 November 2007
|Prime Minister||Shaukat Aziz|
|Preceded by||Benazir Bhutto|
|Succeeded by||Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi|
|Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan|
1 June 2013 – 31 May 2018
18 November 2002 – 18 November 2007
|Constituency||NA-24 (D.I. Khan)|
17 March 2008 – 31 May 2013
16 October 1993 – 5 November 1996
2 December 1988 – 6 August 1990
|Born||19 June 1953|
Dera Ismail Khan, NWFP, Pakistan
|Political party||Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam|
|Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal (MMA) (2002–2008)|
|Children||Asad Mehmood (son)|
|Relatives||Maulana Lutf ur Rehman (brother)|
Fazal-ur-Rehman is a hard-line, right-wing Pakistani politician and current president of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) (JUI-F) and Assembly of Islamic Scholars. Rehman was a member of the National Assembly between 1988 and May 2018 and previously served as Leader of the Opposition from 2004 to 2007.
Rehman was considered a pro-Taliban politician, known for his close ties to Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. He has attempted to re-brand himself as a moderate without connections to religious extremists and hardliners. In the past, he has called for imposition of Sharia in Pakistan, but later formed alliances with secular political parties.
Rehman was born on 19 June 1953 (1 September according to another report) to a religious and political family in Dera Ismail Khan (D.I. Khan). His early education was from Millat High School, Multan and was a student of Mussarat Baig and Syed Iqbal Shah. He attained a Bachelor's degree (B.A) in 1983 from University of Peshawar and completed his Master's degree at Al-Azhar University Cairo.
Rehman began his political career as the secretary general of Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam in 1980 at the age of 27. This was after the death of his father Mufti Mahmud who was the leader of the party before his death.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in 1988 Pakistani general elections for the first time on from D.I. Khan seat. He then made connections with Afghan Taliban.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in 1993 Pakistani general elections for the second time on Islamic Jamhoori Mahaz ticket from D.I. Khan seat. Fazal was appointed as the chairman of the Standing Committee for Foreign Affairs in National Assembly of Pakistan.
Rehman led several anti-American protests and pro-Taliban rallies in the major cities of Pakistan following the war in Afghanistan in 2001. He criticised President of United States George W. Bush, and threatened to launch jihad against the United States if the bombings continued. He also criticised and warned President of the Pakistan Pervez Musharraf that he would be overthrown if he continued to support the “War on Terror”. In October 2001, Pervez Musharraf placed Fazal under house arrest in his native village Abdul Khel for inciting the citizens of Pakistan against the armed forces of Pakistan and for trying to overthrow the government of Pakistan. Later in March 2002, Fazal was set free and the cases against him were withdrawn.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan in 2002 Pakistani general elections for the third time on Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ticket. He won on two seats, NA-24 and NA-25, the later was vacated.
He served as the leader of the opposition from 2004 to 2007.
Rehman ran for the seat of the National Assembly of Pakistan in 2008 Pakistani general elections for the sixth time on Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ticket from two constituencies, NA-24, D.I. Khan which is his traditional constituency and NA-26, Bannu In September 2008, he was elected chairman of the Kashmir committee of the National Assembly of Pakistan.
Rehman was elected as the member of the National Assembly of Pakistan for the fourth time on Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal ticket from Bannu constituency, but he lost the election in D.I. Khan constituency. By 2008, Fazal distanced himself from Taliban and called himself a moderate.
In May 2014, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif gave him the status of a federal minister for being the chairman of special committee of the National Assembly on Kashmir. In August 2017, Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi gave him the same status again. Upon the dissolution of the National Assembly on the expiration of its term on 31 May 2018, he ceased to hold the status of a federal minister.
Rehman ran for the seat of the National Assembly of Pakistan in 2018 Pakistani general elections from Dera Ismail Khan's constituencies, NA38 and NA 39 but did not win.
On 27 August 2018, several opposition parties including Pakistan Muslim League (N), nominated him as a candidate in the 2018 presidential election. On 4 September 2018, he clinched 184 electoral votes behind Arif Alvi (352) and ahead of Aitzaz Ahsan (124) in the election.
Opposition to PTI
On numerous occasions, Rehman has displayed severe opposition to Imran Khan and his political party, the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI). In 2013 Rehman declared voting for the PTI as haram (religiously prohibited), asserting Khan to be supported by the West and the Jewish lobby and explicitly calling him an agent of "Americans, Jews, Ahmadis and a person of ill character".
In late 2019 Rehman led a march towards Islamabad with the intent to sit-in, until PM Imran Khan resigned from office. At least tens of thousands to possibly millions of opposition party members demonstrated against the Khan government. The Azadi March which translates as "Freedom March" started from Sukkur on October 27, 2019 and travelled Sindh and Punjab; other political parties also joined the march which reached Islamabad on October 31, 2019. Rehman also addressed the participants at different points on the journey.
Books by him
- Navīd-i inqilāb : Maulānā Faz̤lurraḥmān ke inṭarviyūz kā majmūʻah, 1987, 117 p. Collection of interviews on the political conditions in Pakistan. Edited by ʻAbdulvadūd Shāhid.
- Insānī ḥuqūq, 2000, 136 p. On human rights as interpreted in Islam, with particular reference to the role of NGO's in Pakistan. Edited by Raḥīm Ḥaqqanī.
- Z̤arb-i darvesh, 2000, 446 p. Interviews on his anti-US movement; includes newspaper editorials and columns praising the movement. Edited by Riyāz̤ Durrānī.
- K̲h̲ut̤bāt-i Qāʼid-i Jamʻīyat, 2002, 2 volumes. Collection of speeches in defense of radical Islamic movements in different countries and against alleged American designs to rule the world. Edited by Momin K̲h̲ān ʻUs̲mānī.
- Mushāfihāt, 2017, 3 volumes. Collected interviews. Edited by Amīrzādah K̲h̲ān Yūsufzaʼī.
Books about him
- ʻAbdulqayyūm Shaik̲h̲, Maulānā Faz̤lurraḥmān ka siyāsī safar, 2004, 514 p. On his political struggle.
- Momin K̲h̲ān ʻUs̲mānī, Maulānā Faẓlurraḥmān : shak̲h̲ṣiyyat o kirdār, 2017, 808 p. Biography.
- Maulānā Muḥammad Qāsim Ḥaqqānī, Mīr-i kārvān̲ Maulānā Faẓlurraḥmán : duniyāʼe ṣaḥāfat kī naz̤ar men̲, 2017, 188 p. Collection of news articles on the politics of Faz̤lurraḥmān, published in various newspapers.
- Hussain, Javed (7 August 2018). "MMA announces name of Fazl's son as nominee for NA deputy speaker post". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
- "PARTY PROFILES: The party's on -DAWN – Herald Election 2008;". Dawn. 7 September 2008. Archived from the original on 7 September 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Profile: Maulana Fazlur Rahman". BBC. 6 November 2002. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- Walsh, Declan (30 November 2010). "Pakistan's President Asif Ali Zardari 'Prepared for Assassination' – WikiLeaks Cables Profiling Husband of Late Benazir Bhutto Say He Has Named His Successor Should He Also Be Killed". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 17 September 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
- "Maulana Fazlur Rehman". DAWN.COM. 5 April 2013. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- "JUI to strive for Sharia through ballot, says Fazl". DAWN.COM. 23 September 2012. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "If elections are held on time…". www.thenews.com.pk. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
- Guidère, Mathieu (2012). Historical Dictionary of Islamic Fundamentalism. Scarecrow Press. p. 365. ISBN 9780810879652. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2017.
- "Detail Information". 23 March 2011. Archived from the original on 23 March 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "(in urdu)فض�� الرحمٰن".
- Ehtasham Khan (18 July 2003). "Why did the Pak Maulana visit Deoband?". Rediff. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
- "Maulana Fazl, Samiul Haq under house arrest". DAWN.COM. 8 October 2001. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- Trivedi, Dinesh (3 June 2007). "India, Pak MPs clash over draft declaration on Kashmir". Outlook India. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "32 titanic clashes on the cards". DAWN.COM. 18 February 2008. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- "Fazl elected chairman of NA's Kashmir committee". DAWN.COM. 17 September 2008. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
- Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (27 August 2017). "Status of federal minister conferred on Fazl". DAWN.COM. Archived from the original on 31 August 2017. Retrieved 31 August 2017.
- "Notification" (PDF). Cabinet division. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
- Ghori, Habib Khan (21 March 2018). "Maulana Fazl to head recently revived MMA". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- Ghori, Habib Khan (14 December 2017). "Five religious parties join forces to revive MMA". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- "Opposition, sans PPP nominate Fazl as presidential candidate". The News. 27 August 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- Chaudhry, Fahad (5 September 2018). "PTI's Arif Alvi officially declared winner of 13th presidential election". Dawn.
- "Political 'fatwa': Voting for PTI is haram, says Maulana Fazl". The Express Tribune. 5 May 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
- "A PTI vote is a haram vote: JUI-F". Pakistan Today. 4 May 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2019.
- "JUI-F's Azadi March to enter Islamabad via Faizabad Interchange | Samaa Digital". Samaa TV. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "How many people are participating in Fazlur Rehman's Azadi March?". The News. 2 November 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
| Leader of the Opposition
Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi