Wilna, New York
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Paul H. Smith (D)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||79.32 sq mi (205.43 km2)|
|• Land||78.42 sq mi (203.11 km2)|
|• Water||0.90 sq mi (2.32 km2)|
|Elevation||722 ft (220 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||78.06/sq mi (30.14/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979645|
This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. (December 2017)
The town was first settled around 1798 at the location of the future Carthage village. The town of Wilna was officially established in 1813 from part of the town of Le Ray and part of the Lewis County town of Leyden.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 79.5 square miles (205.9 km2), of which 78.6 square miles (203.6 km2) are land and 0.89 square miles (2.3 km2), or 1.10%, are water. The Black River flows along the southwest border of the town, and the Indian River is in the north.
The northern half of the town's area is within the Fort Drum Military Reservation.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,235 people, 2,335 households, and 1,639 families residing in the town. The population density was 79.0 people per square mile (30.5/km²). There were 2,658 housing units at an average density of 33.7 per square mile (13.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.83% White, 2.92% African American, 0.72% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.10% of the population.
There were 2,335 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the town, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $29,103, and the median income for a family was $35,022. Males had a median income of $29,119 versus $19,655 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,556. About 15.7% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.3% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Wilna
- Carthage – A village located at the southern end of the town on NY-3 by the Black River.
- Cowan Corners – A location west of Natural Bridge.
- Deferiet – A village along the southwest town line on NY-3A by the Black River.
- DeVoice Corners – A location at the intersection of County Routes 40 and 42.
- Doolins Crossing – A location by the northwest town line, within Fort Drum.
- Fargo – A location by the Fort Drum reservation boundary on NY-3.
- Fort Drum – Part of the military reservation occupies the northern part of the town.
- Gates Corners – A location inside Fort Drum on NY-3.
- Herrings – A hamlet and census-designated place on the southwest town line on NY-3 by the Black River.
- Hewitt Park – A location north of Carthage on NY-3.
- Hubbards Crossing – A location in the western part of the town, within Fort Drum.
- Karter Crossing – A location in the eastern part of Wilna, near North Croghan.
- Mt. Quillen – A hill north of Carthage.
- Natural Bridge – A hamlet and census-designated place by the eastern town line on NY-3.
- North Croghan – A location by the east town line on County Road 40.
- North Wilna – A location in the northern part of the town, within Fort Drum.
- Ormistead Corners – A location in the southeastern part of Wilna on NY-3 at the junction of County Road 42.
- Reedsville A location by the northwest town line, within Fort Drum.
- Woods Mills ("Woods Settlement") – A location in the southeast part of Wilna, located inside Fort Drum.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Wilna town, Jefferson County, New York". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.