Evolution (French: Évolution) is a 1971 Canadian animated short by Michael Mills, offering a humorous portrayal of evolution. Evolution was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film at the 44th Academy Awards, and received nearly 40 international film awards. A film without words, Evolution was animated, directed, written and produced by Mills during his tenure at the National Film Board of Canada, which began in 1966 and lasted until he formed his own animation company, Michael Mills Productions, in 1974.
- Story, Design, & Animation: Michael Mills
- Assistant Animator: Gayle Thomas
- Animation Camera: Kjeld Nielsen
- Optical Camera: Ron Moore
- Music: Doug Randle
- Sound Editing: Peter Hearn
- Re-Recording: Roger Lamoureux
- Director & Producer: Michael Mills
- Evolution - A National Film Board Of Canada Production
- Evans, Gary (1991). "Appendix four: Oscar nominations and awards through 1989". In the National Interest: A Chronicle of the National Film Board of Canada from 1949 to 1989. University of Toronto Press. p. 330. ISBN 978-0-8020-6833-0.
- "Cartoons Considered For An Academy Award 1971 -". cartoonresearch.com.
- Lenburg, Jeff (2006). Who's Who in Animated Cartoons: An International Guide to Film and Television's Award-Winning and Legendary Animators. Applause Books. p. 242. ISBN 978-1-55783-671-7.
- "Evolution/Évolution". Collections page. National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 18 January 2011.
- Wise, Wyndham (2001). Take One's Essential Guide to Canadian Film. University of Toronto Press. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-8020-3512-7.
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