|Original title||Englynion y Clywaid|
|Subject(s)||Welsh proverbs, folklore, and Saints|
Englynion y Clywaid (or Englynion y Clyweit) is a collection of Welsh poems.
The poems date to around the 10th century or the late 12th or early 13th century according to Ifor Williams, as well as other academics. There is a manuscript of the earliest texts of Jesus College 3 (c. 1350) and Red Book of Talgarth (around 1400).
The poems are melodic, with each englyn beginning with the opening phrase "Did you hear a hundred...?", followed by the name of a character from Welsh tradition, or one of the Welsh saints. The answer is in the form of a traditional proverb, most of which are attributed to characters from Welsh folklore, or Welsh and foreign saints. The exceptions are those given in the mouths of animals.
The selection of Welsh characters includes a number of characters from Culhwch and Olwen, and the work as a whole describes a selection of mythical, historical or semi-historical heroes and Christian saints.
The poem is a reflection of the antiquarian interest of the 13th and 14th centuries when there was a great deal of collecting, composing and recording of proverbial material by learned Welshmen in a spirit which is compared by Kenneth H. Jackson to the antiquarian mindset that later spurred on the editors of The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales in the early 19th century.
Cynfarch fab Meirchion
"Did you hear Cynfarch sing?
'Bid thy shoulder upon thy horse;
And we will not respect nor revere you."
Other heroes include Llywarch Hen, Heledd, Urien Rheged , Gwenddolau and Geraint fab Erbin. From the world of legends there are characters such as Culhwch, Drystan, and Cadriaith mab Seidi . The author has a particular fondness for South Wales saints, including Idloes, David , Padarn , Gwynllyw and Teilo, which suggests he is a native of South Wales.
- Turner, Sharon (1828). The history of the Anglo-Saxons from the earliest period to the Norman conquest. Printed for Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. p. 539. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
- Edwards, Huw M. (1996). Dafydd ap Gwilym: influences and analogues. Clarendon Press. ISBN 978-0-19-815901-8. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
- Unknown (1100). Englynion y Clywaid. pp. Englyn 12.