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|Born||12 April 1831|
(道光十一年 三月 一日)
|Died||24 January 1850 (aged 18)|
(道光二十九年 十二月 十二日)
Ding Mausoleum, Eastern Qing tombs
Xianfeng Emperor (m. 1848–1850)
|House||Sakda (薩克達; by birth)|
Aisin Gioro (by marriage)
Empress Xiaodexian's personal name was not recorded in history. Her family originally belonged to the Bordered Blue Banner.
- Father: Futai (富泰), served as a fourth rank literary official (少卿) in the Court of Imperial Sacrifices, and held the title of a duke (公)
- Paternal grandfather: Qichang (祺昌)
- Paternal grandmother: Lady Nara
- Mother: Lady Aisin Gioro
- Maternal grandfather: Ulgungga (烏爾恭阿; 1778–1846), held the title Prince Zheng of the First Rank from 1794–1846, Jirgalang's great great great great grandson
- Maternal uncle: Duanhua (1807–1861), held the title Prince Zheng of the First Rank from 1846–1861, the maternal grandfather of Empress Xiaozheyi (1854–1875)
- One sister
- One younger brother
In 1847, Lady Sakda married Yizhu, the fourth son of the Daoguang Emperor, and became Yizhu's primary consort. She died in January 1850.
About a month after her death, the Daoguang Emperor died and was succeeded by Yizhu, who became the Xianfeng Emperor. As the Xianfeng Emperor's primary consort, Lady Sakda was posthumously honoured as Empress, and was interred in the Ding Mausoleum of the Eastern Qing tombs.
- During the reign of the Daoguang Emperor (r. 1820–1850):
- Lady Sakda (from 12 April 1831)
- Primary consort (嫡福晉; from 31 March 1848)
- During the reign of the Xianfeng Emperor (r. 1850–1861):
- Empress Xiaode (孝德皇后; from 30 November 1850)
- During the reign of the Tongzhi Emperor (r. 1861–1875):
- Empress Xiaodexian (孝德顯皇后; from December 1861 or January 1862)
- 道光二十八年 二月 二十七日
- 道光三十年 十月 二十七日
- 咸豐十一年 十二月
- Seagrave, Sterling; Seagrave, Peggy (1992). Dragon Lady: The Life and Legend of the Last Empress of China (Illustrated ed.). Knopf.
- Wan, Yi; Shuqing, Wang; Yanzhen, Lu; Scott, Rosemary E. (1988). Daily Life in the Forbidden City: The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1912 (Illustrated ed.). Viking. ISBN 0670811645.
- Zhao, Erxun (1928). Draft History of Qing (Qing Shi Gao) (in Chinese).
| Empress of China