Empire Corridor (red) as designated by the Federal Railroad Administration
|Type||Higher-speed rail, commuter rail|
New York Penn Station
|Stations||36 (12 Amtrak, 20 Metro North, 3 shared)|
|Services||Empire Service, Ethan Allen Express, Adirondack, Lake Shore Limited, Maple Leaf, Hudson Line|
Amtrak (Riverdale–New York)
Amtrak (Yonkers–New York)
|Line length||461 mi (742 km)|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
The Empire Corridor is a term used to refer to the 461-mile (742 km) railroad corridor between Niagara Falls, New York and New York City, including the cities of Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Utica, Amsterdam, Schenectady, Albany, and Poughkeepsie. Amtrak's Empire Service and Maple Leaf serve the entire length of the corridor, with the Maple Leaf continuing to Toronto. Lake Shore Limited trains from Chicago join the Empire Corridor just before Buffalo–Depew station, and continue to Albany, where half of each train diverges to Boston, and the other half continues to New York City. The Ethan Allen Express and Adirondack follow the corridor between New York and Schenectady, after which they diverge and continue on to Rutland and Montreal, respectively. Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line provides commuter rail service between Poughkeepsie, New York and Grand Central Terminal. The line is electrified by both overhead catenary and top-running third rail on the Amtrak-owned segment between Penn Station and 41st Street, and by under-running third rail on the Metro-North segment from just before Riverdale to Croton–Harmon[clarification needed].
If the proposed high-speed service were built on the corridor, trains traveling between Buffalo and New York City would travel at speeds of up to 125 mph (201 km/h). In the 1890s service on the Empire State Express service between New York City and Buffalo was about 1 hour faster than Amtrak's service in 2013. On September 14, 1891 the Empire State Express covered the 436 miles (702 km) between New York City and Buffalo in 7 hours and 6 minutes (including stops), averaging 61.4 mph (98.8 km/h), with a top speed of 82 mph (132 km/h).
The Empire Corridor is largely owned by CSX Transportation (CSX), which owns the trackage between Niagara Falls and Poughkeepsie. South of Poughkeepsie, the Empire Corridor is coextensive with Metro-North's trackage until it forks off between Metro-North's Riverdale and Spuyten Duyvil stations in the Bronx, to cross the Harlem River over the Spuyten Duyvil Bridge and make the Empire Connection to Penn Station. Amtrak owns the trackage after that fork, the West Side Line.
Much of the corridor had been part of the main line of the New York Central Railroad; it was the eastern leg of the NYC's famed "Water Level Route" to Chicago. The corridor passed to Penn Central in 1968 upon the NYC's merger with the Pennsylvania Railroad, and passed to Conrail in 1976. In a series of purchases in the 1980s and 1990s, Amtrak bought the Bronx-Manhattan segment, Metro-North acquired the Poughkeepsie-Bronx segment, and CSX acquired the remainder when it split Conrail's assets with Norfolk Southern.
On October 18, 2011, Amtrak and CSX announced an agreement for Amtrak to lease, operate and maintain the CSX-owned trackage between Poughkeepsie and Schenectady. Amtrak officially assumed control of the line on December 1, 2012.
The busiest segment of the Empire Corridor is between New York City and Albany with multiple trains per day.
The following trains operate along the varied segments of the corridor:
- Empire Service: local service along the entire corridor from New York City to Niagara Falls, NY. Most trains operate along the southern segment between New York and Albany–Rensselaer, with two trains in each direction continuing west to Niagara Falls daily.
- Ethan Allen Express: one train in each direction daily from New York City to Rutland, splitting from the corridor in Schenectady.
- Adirondack: New York City to Montreal, splitting from the corridor in Schenectady.
- Lake Shore Limited: New York City to Chicago, splitting from the corridor at Buffalo–Depew, though a section of the train splits off in Albany to serve Boston instead of New York.
- Maple Leaf: daily service from New York City to Toronto, operating on the entire corridor.
Freight service is provided by CSX Transportation.
All stations are in the state of New York.
|Milepost (km)||Station||Location||Current station opened||Corridor services||Connections|
|461 mi (742 km)||Niagara Falls||Niagara Falls||December 6, 2016||●||●|
|437 mi (703 km)||Buffalo–Exchange Street||Buffalo||August 2, 1952||●||●||Thruway Motorcoach to Jamestown|
Buffalo Metro Rail at Seneca station
|431 mi (694 km)||Buffalo–Depew||Depew||October 28, 1979||●||●||●|
|370 mi (600 km)||Louise M. Slaughter Rochester Station||Rochester||October 6, 2017||●||●||●||RTS: 37, 41|
|New York State Fair (seasonal)||Syracuse||August 22, 2002||●||●|
|291 mi (468 km)||William F. Walsh Regional Transportation Center||August 1998||●||●||●||CENTRO: 16, 48, 50, 60, 62, 70, 82, 236, 246, 250|
|250 mi (400 km)||Rome||Rome||1914||●||●|
|237 mi (381 km)||Utica Union Station||Utica||May 24, 1914||●||●||●||Adirondack Scenic Railroad to Thendara|
CENTRO: 15, 31
|177 mi (285 km)||Amsterdam||Amsterdam||1973||●||●|
|159 mi (256 km)||Schenectady Intermodal Station||Schenectady||October 17, 2018||●||●||●||●||●||CDTA: 351, 353, 354, 355, 370, 763, 905 BusPlus|
|141 mi (227 km)||Albany–Rensselaer||Rensselaer||September 22, 2002||●||●||●||●||●||CDTA: NX Northway Express, 114, 214|
|114 mi (183 km)||Hudson||Hudson||1874||●||●||●||●|
|100 mi (160 km)||Rhinecliff–Kingston||Rhinecliff||1914||●||●||●||●|
|80 mi (130 km)||Poughkeepsie||Poughkeepsie||February 18, 1918||●||●||●||●||●||●||City of Poughkeepsie Transit: Main Street|
Dutchess County LOOP: A, B, C, D, E, Poughkeepsie Commuter Connection
|71.5 mi (115.1 km)||New Hamburg||New Hamburg||October 17, 1981||●||Dutchess LOOP: New Hamburg Commuter Connection|
|65.5 mi (105.4 km)||Beacon||Beacon||1915||●||Dutchess LOOP: Beacon Commuter Connection|
Leprechaun Lines: Newburgh-Beacon Shuttle
|61.5 mi (99.0 km)||Breakneck Ridge||Cold Spring||●|
|59 mi (95 km)||Cold Spring||1893||●||Putnam Transit: Cold Spring Trolley|
|56.4 mi (90.8 km)||Garrison||Garrison||1892||●|
|52.5 mi (84.5 km)||Manitou||1983||●|
|47.7 mi (76.8 km)||Peekskill||Peekskill||1874||●||Bee-Line Bus: 16, 18, 31|
|44.9 mi (72.3 km)||Cortlandt||Montrose||1996||●||Bee-Line Bus: 14|
|39.7 mi (63.9 km)||Croton–Harmon||Croton-on-Hudson||1988||●||●||●||●||●||●||Bee-Line Bus: 10, 11, 14|
|37.3 mi (60.0 km)||Ossining||Ossining||1914||●||Bee-Line Bus: 13, 13B, 19|
|36 mi (58 km)||Scarborough||Briarcliff Manor||1851||●|
|33 mi (53 km)||Philipse Manor||Sleepy Hollow||January 30, 1911||●|
|31.7 mi (51.0 km)||Tarrytown||Tarrytown||1925||●||Transport of Rockland: Tappan Zee Express|
Bee-Line Bus: 1T, 13, T
|29.2 mi (47.0 km)||Irvington||Irvington||1889||●|
|28.2 mi (45.4 km)||Ardsley-on-Hudson||c. 1896||●|
|27.2 mi (43.8 km)||Dobbs Ferry||Dobbs Ferry||1899||●||Bee-Line Bus: 1, 6|
|26 mi (42 km)||Hastings-on-Hudson||Hastings-on-Hudson||1910||●||Bee-Line Bus: 6, 1C, 1T, & 1W|
|24.3 mi (39.1 km)||Greystone||Yonkers||1899||●||Bee-Line Bus: 6, 1C, 1T, & 1W|
|22.7 mi (36.5 km)||Glenwood||●||Bee-Line Bus: 1C, 1T, & 1W|
|21.6 mi (34.8 km)||Yonkers||1911||●||●||●||●||●||Bee-Line Bus: 6, 9, 25, 32, 91 (seasonal)|
|20.8 mi (33.5 km)||Ludlow||●||Bee-Line Bus: 32|
|19.5 mi (31.4 km)||Riverdale||The Bronx||●||Hudson Rail Link: A, B, C, D|
|0 mi (0 km)||Penn Station||New York||1968||●||●||●||●||●||Amtrak: Acela Express, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Keystone Service, Palmetto, Pennsylvanian, Northeast Regional, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter|
Long Island Rail Road: Main Line, Port Washington Branch
NJ Transit Rail: North Jersey Coast Line, Northeast Corridor Line, Gladstone Branch, Montclair-Boonton Line, Morristown Line
New York City Subway: 1, 2, and 3 trains at Seventh Avenue, A, C, and E trains at Eighth Avenue
New York City Bus: M7, M20, M34, M34A, Q32
- John Lienhard. "Rain, Steam & Speed: Inventing Powered Motion". Retrieved January 28, 2007.
- "GREAT SPEED Off THE CENTRAL.; Empire State Express Engine Travels at the Rate of 112 1-2 Miles an Hour" (PDF). New York Times. May 12, 1893. Retrieved December 13, 2007.
- Amtrak system timetable, Fall 2010/Winter 2011, page 25
- "Amtrak to lease Empire Corridor trackage from CSX". Trains Magazine. October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
- "Governor Cuomo Announces Hudson Rail Lease - Amtrak/CSX Deal Will Improve Passenger Service, Move Projects Forward" (PDF) (Press release). Albany, New York: Amtrak. December 4, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
- "Building Great American Stations". Amtrak. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
- "Buffalo, NY (BFX)". Great American Stations. Amtrak.
- "New Buffalo Station". Amtrak NEWS. 6 (12): 6–7. November 1979. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- Manon, Tianna. "Rochester's new train station is open for business". www.wxxinews.org. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
- Lankes, Tiffany (September 2, 2002). "State Fair attendence [sic] drops, vendors suffer sales losses". The Daily Orange. Retrieved May 16, 2016.
- "Governor Cuomo Announces Grand Opening of Schenectady Train Station". Governor Andrew M. Cuomo. October 17, 2018. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
- Woodruff, Cathy (February 14, 2010). "Train Late? Old Stations Derail New Track". Albany Times Union. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
- Howe, Patricia; Katherine Moore (February 25, 1976). "National Register of Historic Places nomination, Poughkeepsie Railroad station". Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2008.
- "New Rail Car to Arrive at New Hamburg Stop". The Poughkeepsie Journal. October 16, 1981. Retrieved December 30, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- Ken Kinlock. "Railroad at Fishkill Landing NY First Phase". Retrieved April 25, 2016.
- "New York Division Bulletin". Electric Railroaders' Association. July 1993. Missing or empty
- Transportation Research Record. Transportation Research Board, Commission on Sociotechnical Systems, National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences. 1999. ISBN 9780309071031.
- "Philipse Manor". The New York Times. February 5, 1911. p. 71. Retrieved December 27, 2017 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Big Apartment for Suburb". The New York Times. October 11, 1925. Retrieved May 18, 2008.
- Empire Corridor, New York State Department of Transportation
- Empire Corridor section of the Federal Railroad Administration website