|Died||27 March 1994, age 81 or 82|
|Alma mater||University of Freiburg|
|Notable works||Atlas of Animal Bones (1972)|
Elisabeth Schmid (1912–27, March 1994) was a German archaeologist and osteologist. She is best known for her work concerning the prehistoric statue, the lion-man, and for her book, Atlas of Animal Bones.
Early life and career
Over her career, Schmid published over 200 papers and two books. She began studying animal bones from Augusta Raurica in the 1950s and her analysis of those bones was the subject of her most well known book, Atlas of Animal Bones, which was published in 1972 and is still used worldwide today.
In the 1980s, Schmid became involved with the prehistoric ivory sculpture, the Lion-man. It was first discovered in 1939 in a cave in southwestern Germany by Otto Völzing. Around 30% of the statue is missing and the gender is heavily disputed. German archaeologist, Joachim Hahn, interpreted part of the statue had male genitalia however Schmid later interpreted the same part of the statue as a pubic triangle. Further restoration of the statue began in autumn 1987 by Schmid and restorer, Ute Wolf.
Schmid died on 27 March 1994.
- Ogilvie, Marilyn; Harvey, Joy (2003). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives From Ancient Times to the Mid-20th Century. Routledge. ISBN 9781135963422.
- Deschler-Erb, Sabine (2017). "Animal Husbandry in Roman Switzerland: State of Research and New Perspectives". European Journal of Archaeology. pp. 416–430. doi:10.1017/eaa.2017.18. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- Schulz, Matthias (9 December 2011). "Is the Lion Man a Woman?: Solving the Mystery of a 35,000-Year-Old Statue". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
- "Die Entdeckung des Löwenmenschen". www.loewenmensch.de. Retrieved 10 October 2017.