Eliot Dismore Chapple (April 29, 1909 – August 9, 2000, Sarasota) was an American anthropologist. In 1941, he was one of the founders of the Society for Applied Anthropology, and its first president. His 1942 work with Carleton Coon applied the notion of conditioned learning to understanding the human use of symbols in various cultural contexts. He later invented the Interaction Chronograph to develop this concept. By 1970, he had understood these phenomena as emotional-interactional rhythms and part of fundamental biological rhythmic dynamics. Sociologists including George Herbert Mead developed symbolic interactionism from ideas including Chapple's insights. Eugene D'Aquili's work in Biogenetic Structuralism also referenced Chapple's work.
- Principles of anthropology (1942), with Carleton Stevens Coon
- The Biological Foundations of Individuality and Culture (1980/1970), (retitled from Culture and Biological Man (1970))
- "Disciplines & Subdisciplines- Applied Anthropology". Indiana.edu. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
- "Present at the Founding of the Society: The SfAA Oral History Interview with Frederick L. W. Richardson |" (PDF). Sfaanews.appliedanthro.org. 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
- Kehoe and Weil, "Eliot Chapple's Long and Lonely Road, Project Muse, in Kehoe, et al eds, Expanding American Anthropology, 1945-1980, http://muse.jhu.edu/chapter/429280
- D'aquili et al The Spectrum of Ritual (1979)
- "Awards". Aaanet.org. Retrieved 2013-06-04.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2003-05-19. Retrieved 2003-05-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Alice Beck Kehoe; Paul L. Doughty (6 January 2012). "Eliot Chapple's Long and Lonely Road". Expanding American Anthropology, 1945-1980: A Generation Reflects. University of Alabama Press. pp. 94–105. ISBN 978-0-8173-5688-0. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
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