El Comunista ("The Communist") was the official publication of the Spanish Communist Party.
The Socialist Youth of Spain (Juventudes Socialistas de España; JSE), like the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español; PSOE) that it was associated with, had been a proponent of the Second International, an organisation of socialist and labour parties. Following the Russian Revolution in 1917, there was an influx of new and more left-leaning members to the JSE, which caused it to diverge from the PSOE. One of these members was Juan Andrade, who joined the JSE in 1916 and became editor of the official JSE newspaper, Renovación, in 1919; the Renovación then began printing articles supporting the Communist International.
On April 15, 1920, at the Fifth Congress of the JSE, the membership voted to break off from the PSOE, and founded the Spanish Communist Party, leaving behind a small group that wished to rebuild the Socialist Youth of Spain, which continues to exist.
The new party changed the name of Renovación to El Comunista, similar to the name of the official newspaper of the PSOE, El Socialista. Andrade continued as the founding editor of El Comunista, and in the first issue he published the statutes and thesis to be discussed at the new party's First Congress.
The PSOE went through a similar schism at the following year's Congress, when the more left-leaning members (the terceristas) split off to form the Spanish Communist Workers' Party on April 13, 1921, after the PSOE had voted to join the International Working Union of Socialist Parties and reject the Communist International. A few months later, on November 14, the year-old Spanish Communist Party and the newer Spanish Communist Workers' Party merged to form the Communist Party of Spain, at which point El Comunista became La Antorcha, with Andrade continuing as editor.
- Andrade, Juan (1966-05-26). Apuntes para una historia del PCE (Speech). lecture in Paris (in Spanish). Mexico City: Fontamara (paper, 1979), Fundación Andreu Nin (electronic, 2008). Archived from the original on 2015-09-09. Retrieved 2020-07-02.
- Alonso, Luis. "Semblanza de Juan Andrade Rodríguez" [Biography of Juan Andrade Rodríguez]. Fundación Andreu Nin (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2020-07-03.
- "Datos de una historia: el PCE". Taller de historia del PCE "Marusia" (in Spanish). 2010-06-01. Retrieved 2020-02-07.
- Víctor, Alba (1983). The Communist Party in Spain. Transaction Publishers. pp. 46–47. ISBN 1412819997.
- S.G. Payne,The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2004; pg. 12.