Eglantyne Louisa Jebb (1845–6 November 1925) was an Irish social reformer. A keen supporter of the arts and crafts movement, in 1884 she founded the Home Arts and Industries Association as a way of reviving country crafts and overcoming rural poverty.
Eglantyne Louisa Jebb was born in 1845 in Dublin to Emily Harriett (née Horsely) and Robert Jebb. She was four years younger than her brother, who would become the classicist Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb and five years older than their twin siblings, Heneage and Bob. Her father was a Queen's Counsel of the Irish bar and studied literature. His family included Sir Joshua Jebb, a prison reformer; Oxford Movement pioneer, John Jebb, Bishop of Limerick; and court physician, Sir Richard Jebb. Her mother was the daughter of the Dean of Brechin, Rev. Heneage Horsley. In 1850, the family moved to Killiney, due to the delicate health of the twins. From an early age, she was called Tye and studied art and poetry. In 1871, she married her cousin Arthur Trevor Jebb (1839–1894), a barrister and landowner from Ellesmere, Shropshire.
The couple's first child, Emily was born in 1872 and the following year, Jebb gave birth to another daughter, Louisa, or "Lill". Their son, Richard, known as Dick, was born in 1874; followed by Eglantyne in 1876; Arthur, known as "Gamul", in 1879 and Dorothy in 1881. In 1884, Jebb founded the Cottage Arts Association to create a network for craft education throughout England and assist in philanthropic efforts to overcome poverty in rural areas. She renamed the organization in 1885, as the Home Arts and Industries Association.
The organization sponsored courses in craftwork, specifically woodworks and wearable items. The idea behind the programs was to provide education and training on art production to help people make a living, but also to build appreciation for the beauty of handicrafts. Jebb was able to secure patrons such as Earl Brownlow and his wife, Countess Adelaide; Katherine Cavendish, Duchess of Westminster; and Louisa Beresford, Marchioness of Waterford as patrons. They helped provide not only funding for the schools, but exhibition spaces for the goods to be shown to society figures. She ran the organization until 1887, when health concerns forced her to withdraw from active participation, though she did continue to organize free classes.
After her husband's death in 1894, Jebb resided with her unmarried daughter and namesake, Eglantyne, in Cambridge. A further health issue caused them to move to the Swiss Riviera in 1910, traveling between health spas in Austria, Italy and Switzerland. During the war, Eglantyne agreed to collect, distribute, and monitor funds for the Macedonia Relief Fund. Jebb, contributed £50 to the relief efforts, and supported her daughter's 1913 trip to the Balkan states.
Death and legacy
Jebb died 6 November, 1925 in Sussex, England. Two of her daughters, Eglantyne and Dorothy, founded the Save the Children Fund, and Eglantyne Jebb also wrote the Declaration of the Rights of the Child.
- Jebb 1907, pp. 1, 7, 11.
- Jebb 1907, p. 11.
- Bye-gones 1894, pp. 496-497.
- Jebb 1907, pp. 11-12.
- Mulley 2009, p. 45.
- Jebb 1907, p. 7.
- Jebb 1907, p. 12.
- Mulley 2009, p. 47.
- Helland 2007, p. 6.
- Amos & Binkley 2020, p. 115.
- Helland 2004, pp. 32, 38.
- Helland 2004, pp. 31, 38.
- Helland 2004, p. 31.
- Mulley 2009, p. 62.
- Mulley 2009, p. 25.
- Harrison 2004, p. 838.
- Mulley 2009, pp. 173-174.
- Mulley 2009, pp. 198-199.
- Wills and Administrations 1925.
- Harrison 2004, p. 839.
- Amos, Johanna; Binkley, Lisa (2020). Stitching the Self: Identity and the Needle Arts. London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-350-07039-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Harrison, Brian (2004). "Jebb, Eglantyne *1876-1928)". In Matthew, H. C. G.; Harrison, Brian (eds.). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 29: Hutchins—Jennens (online ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 838–839. ISBN 0-19-861379-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Helland, Janice (2007). British and Irish Home Arts and Industries, 1880–1914: Marketing Craft, Making Fashion. Irish Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-7165-2890-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Helland, Janice (2004). "Exhibiting Ireland: The Donegal Industrial Fund in London and Chicago". Revue d'art canadienne/Canadian Art Review. Arnprior, Ontario: Universities Art Association of Canada. 29 (1–2): 28–46. ISSN 0315-9906. JSTOR 42630693.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Jebb, Caroline (1907). Life and Letters of Sir Richard Claverhouse Jebb. London, UK: Cambridge University Press. OCLC 977253188.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Mulley, Clare (2009). The Woman Who Saved the Children: A Biography of Eglantyne Jebb: Founder of Save the Children. London, UK: Oneworld Publications. ISBN 978-1-78074-068-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- "The Late Arthur Trevor Jebb, Esq". Bye-gones, Relating to Wales and the Border Counties. 2. Oswestry, Shropshire: Woodall, Minshall and Company. 3: 496–497. 12 December 1894. OCLC 57412143.
- "Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957: Eglantyne Louisa Jebb". FamilySearch. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 6 November 1925. microfilm #7707335, image 503. Retrieved 27 March 2020.