Eeklo town hall, church, and market square
|• Mayor||Luc Van De Velde (SMS)|
|• Governing party/ies||CD&V, sp.a, Groen, Open Vld|
|• Total||30.05 km2 (11.60 sq mi)|
|• Density||700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
Eeklo (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈeːkloː]) is a Belgian municipality in the Flemish province of East Flanders. The municipality comprises only the town of Eeklo proper. The name Eeklo comes from the contraction of "eke" and "lo", two Old German words meaning oak and sparse woods (compare English Oakley).
Origins and Middle Ages
There are not many traces of early habitation in the Eeklo area. It is presumed that some oaks would have attracted the attention of travellers on the Roman road that ran along the local sandbar among the marshes. By 1240, a town had grown here and had already become important enough to warrant a civic charter by Jeanne of Constantinople, Countess of Flanders. Over the years, the marshes were drained to give place to fortified farms, some remnants of which can still be seen today (Groot Goed). Like most other cities in the County of Flanders, Eeklo's economy was based on the cloth industry, and commercial relations were established with the more powerful neighbouring cities, Ghent and Bruges.
16th century until now
During the second half of the 16th century, Eeklo was in the unfortunate position of being on the border between the Catholic south and the Protestant north, which resulted in so much destruction that the town was nearly abandoned by its inhabitants. At around that time the legend of "recooking" appeared, actually a rejuvenation recipe that involved drinking a youth elixir, cutting one's head off and baking it again. While the head was in the oven, a green cabbage took its place on the body, symbol of the empty head.
The 18th and 19th century were more favourable and the textile industry took off again. Most of the town's schools and neo-gothic buildings date from that period. Today, Eeklo is changing its vocation from an industrial town to one of services to the neighbouring communities.
- The town hall and belfry have been designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1999.
- Eeklo has a few notable churches and chapels, such as the St Vincent Church (Sint-Vincentiuskerk) and the chapel of the clinic of the Holy Heart (Heilig Hartkliniek).
- A nearby provincial park, “Het Leen”, includes an arboretum and museum.
- A local park, the Heldenpark, offers concerts in summer, and houses a playground for children, bowling areas for seniors, and a soccer and baseball field.
- Leon L. Van Autreve, fourth United States Sergeant Major of the Army (1920-2002)
- Erik De Vlaeminck, cyclist, 7 times world champion cyclo-cross (born 1945)
- Roger De Vlaeminck, cyclist, world champion cyclo-cross in 1975, winner of 11 "Monument" classic cycle races (born 1947)
- Paul Van Hyfte (born 1972 in Eeklo), cyclist
- Rudy Matthijs (born 1959 in Eeklo), cyclist
- Frederik Willems (born 1979 in Eeklo), cyclist
- Dirk Braeckman, artist and photographer (b. 1958)
- Olivier De Cock (born 1975 in Eeklo), footballer
- Maarten Martens (born 1984 in Eeklo), footballer
- Tonny Mols (born 1969 in Eeklo), footballer
- Guido van Heulendonk (pseudonym of Guido Beelaert) (born in Eeklo), writer
- Karel Lodewijk Ledeganck (born 1805 in Eeklo), writer
- Peter Van de Veire (born 1971 in Eeklo), radio personality
- Tom Dice (born 1989 in Eeklo), singer and songwriter, represented Belgium in Eurovision Song Contest 2010
- "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
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