February 1, 1891
|Died||January 25, 1977 (age 85)|
Edward Small (born Edward Schmalheiser, February 1, 1891, Brooklyn, New York – January 25, 1977, Los Angeles) was a film producer from the late 1920s through 1970, who was enormously prolific over a 50-year career. He is best known for the movies The Count of Monte Cristo (1934), The Man in the Iron Mask (1939), The Corsican Brothers (1941), Brewster's Millions (1945), Raw Deal (1948), Black Magic (1949), Witness for the Prosecution (1957) and Solomon and Sheba (1959).
Early life and career
Small was the son of Jewish Austrian-born Philip Schmalheiser and Prussian-born Rose Lewin, and had three sisters and two brothers. He began his career as a talent agent in New York City. In 1917, he moved his agency to Los Angeles where his acting clients included a young Hedda Hopper. His first production appears to have been the wartime propaganda film, Who's Your Neighbor? (1917).
Asher Small Rogers
Small began producing films in the 1920s, when it became his full-time occupation. He formed the firm Asher, Small and Rogers, as a partner with Charles Rogers and E. M Asher. The partnerships early films were all based on plays: The Sporting Lover (1926), The Cohens and Kellys (1926) (which led to a lawsuit with the author of Abie's Irish Rose), The Gorilla (1927), McFadden's Flats (1927), and Ladies' Night in a Turkish Bath (1928).
Of these Cohens and Kellys was particularly popular, leading to a number of sequels starting with The Cohens and the Kellys in Paris (1928). Small also produced My Man (1928) with Fanny Brice, and Companionate Marriage (1929).
Except for The Gorilla all these early films were comedies. In 1926 Small said, "Making a comedy requires far more care than is necessary for any other form of screen production because audiences are more exacting than in any other form of entertainment."
"Picture making is a youngster's game", he added the same year. "When a man gets older he doesn't want to take a chance to try something new. And this business moves so fast that if you don't change your methods with every picture you're out of luck. In a few years I won't have a thing to do with the creative. Afraid, I'll hire young men with plenty of nerve to handle that for me."
In early 1928, the original Asher Small Rogers partnership dissolved. However they then re-teamed and started producing films; towards the end of the year they invested in a studio complex in Sherman Oaks.
Small then worked for a time at Columbia Pictures, making Song of Love (1929) with Belle Baker. For his own company he made Clancy in Wall Street (1930) starring Cohens and Kellys star Charles Murray.
Small sent an expedition to the Arctic and they made the documentary Igloo (1932).
Reliance Pictures and United Artists
In 1932, Small formed Reliance Pictures together with partner Harry M. Goetz. The new company was to be made with finance from Art Cinema, a subsidiary company of United Artists, in a deal brokered by Joseph Schenck. On the basis of this verbal commitment, Small and Goetz started pre production on three films. However, when Schenck presented the deal to Art Cinema's board, it was turned down. An embarrassed Schenck decided personally put up half the cost of the three films, with the other half met by Small and Goetz.
The films were I Cover the Waterfront (1933), a crime drama based on a book with Claudette Colbert; Palooka (1934), a comedy based on the comic Joe Palooka with Jimmy Durante; and The Count of Monte Cristo (1934), a swashbuckler based on the Dumas novel starring Robert Donat and the first screen credit for Philip Dunne. Of the three Monte Cristo was an especially big hit and Small would go on to produce a number of swashbucklers.
William Phipps then stepped in to provide financing in Schenck's place and Reliance made five more movies for United Artists over two years: Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round (1934), a musical comedy; Let 'Em Have It (1935); a gangster movie; Red Salute (1935), a screwball comedy with an anti-Communist slant starring Barbara Stanwyck and Robert Young; The Melody Lingers On (1935), a melodrama; and Last of the Mohicans (1936), based on the classic novel, starring Randolph Scott and co-written by Dunne. The latter was a big hit.
In 1935, Small announced plans to make a series of 4,000 feet films (i.e. short features) based on short stories and novelettes as an alternative to the double bill but this did not seem to come to fruition.
Small said he was motivated to do this move in order to make larger budgeted movies, including Robber Barons (which became The Toast of New York), Son of Monte Cristo, Gunga Din and a series of Jack Oakie comedies. Small:
I intend to produce a different type of historical productions. There will be less of the awesomeness and less of the blind respect that has often marked the modern's approach to a historical character. Diamond Jim and The Story of Louis Pasteur are only the beginning. Napoleon, Marie Antoinette, and Mary of Scotland, contemplated, will be great steps in the direction of honesty. We have on our schedules the filming of the stories of Beau Brummell and Jim Fisk and we are contemplating a minimum of punch-pulling. Newsreels are telling the truth about people, showing them as they are. Feature pictures are going to do the same thing; they will make men and women out of celebrities.
Small's time at RKO resulted in six pictures: The Bride Walks Out (1936), a romantic comedy with Stanwyck and Young from Red Channels; We Who Are About to Die (1937), based on a true story about a man unjustly sent to prison; Sea Devils (1937), a military drama with Victor McLaglen; New Faces of 1937 (1937), a musical revue designed to introduce new talent such as Milton Berle; Super-Sleuth (1937) with Jack Oakie; and The Toast of New York (1937), a biopic of James Fisk starring Edward Arnold, Cary Grant and Frances Farmer.
Some of these performed well, notably The Bride Walks Out but others were less successful, particularly New Faces of 1937 and the expensive The Toast of New York, which was RKO's biggest money losing picture of 1937.
However Small did sell the studio his rights to Gunga Din which he had purchased from the Rudyard Kipling estate in 1936 and became a big hit later on. (He made Son of Cristo later at United Artists and never produced a Beau Brummel film.) Small departed from RKO in 1938.
Edward Small Productions
In January 1938, Small returned to United Artists with his own unit, Edward Small Productions, under a three-year deal to make six films a year. At that time Small lived in Palm Springs, California,
The following year he announced plans to make seven films worth $5 million over the next 12 months. Plans for some of these were delayed due to the war in Europe but he made most of them, starting with The Duke of West Point (1938), which starred Louis Hayward who Small put under a long-term contract.
This was followed by King of the Turf (1939), a horse racing film with Adolphe Menjou. Small returned to swashbucklers with another adaptation of a Dumas novel, The Man in the Iron Mask (1939), starring Hayward; this was one of Small's most popular films.
Small bought the Howard Spring novel My Son, My Son! to turn into a film with Hayward. He also put Heyward into another swashbuckler, The Son of Monte Cristo (1940), a sequel to his 1934 hit, co-starring Joan Bennett.
He recommenced production in early 1941 with another popular swashbuckler, an adaptation of The Corsican Brothers, starring Douglas Fairbanks Jr. He made five more movies for United Artists – International Lady (1941), a war time spy movie with George Brent; A Gentleman After Dark (1942), a crime drama with Brian Donlevy; Twin Beds (1942), a comedy based on an often-filmed stage play with Brent and Bennett; Friendly Enemies (1942), a wartime drama; and Miss Annie Rooney (1942), a film notable for featuring the first screen kiss of Shirley Temple but a big flop.
In March 1942 Small threatened to strike again due to unhappiness with his deal.
Allan Dwan Farces
Small and United Artists managed to come to terms and he produced a fresh series, including a series of farces directed by Allan Dwan and starring Dennis O'Keefe: Up in Mabel's Room (1944), based on a stage farce; Abroad with Two Yanks (1944), a wartime story set in Australia with William Bendix; Brewster's Millions (1945), based on the often-filmed novel; and Getting Gertie's Garter (1945), based on the stage play.
In June 1945, he announced a plan to make ten films worth $10 million but he could not come to terms with United Artists and ended up leaving the studio that year.
Columbia and Eagle-Lion
He also produced The Return of Monte Cristo for Columbia, with Hayward; then in mid-1946 signed another deal with United Artists. For them he made Black Magic (1949), a film with Orson Welles which was shot in Rome.
For a time there was talk Small would take over Eagle Lion. However Small fell out with the studio over billing on T Men and withdrew from his planned participation in the film Twelve Against the Underworld. He later argued that the company could not guarantee funding for a three-year schedule.
In 1948, Small said he had personally made $2 million in profit from ten films over the past 18 months. He was making 16 films worth $8.5 million. However, he was not optimistic about the future of independent film production, saying that filmmakers needed to look internationally.
He made a series of films for Columbia: The Black Arrow (1948), a swashbuckler based on a classic Robert Louis Stevenson novel with Hayward; The Fuller Brush Man (1948), a comedy with Red Skelton who Small borrowed from MGM; Walk a Crooked Mile (1948), a crime noir with O'Keefe and Hayward.
In 1949, Small signed a two-year contract with Columbia Pictures, which specifically excluded Small's long-gestating film about Rudolph Valentino, Valentino. He ended up making eleven films for the studio over seven years where Columbia allowed him profit sharing after Columbia made up their investment in the film.
In 1947, Reliance Pictures, headed by Small's son Bernard and Ben Pivar, signed an agreement with 20th Century Fox to release six films starting with Strange Penalty, based on the story Lady from Shanghai, starring Alan Curtis and directed by Jean Yarbrough. They later made The Creeper (1948), two Bulldog Drummonds and The Indian Scout. They also developed a series of action films based on Leatherstocking Tales plus the films The Challenge, 13 Lead Soldiers, Santa Fe Uprising, Killers of the Sea, and The Cat Man.
Small returned to United Artists to make two Westerns with actor George Montgomery, Davy Crockett, Indian Scout (1950), using footage from Kit Carson, and The Iroquois Trail (1950), based on the novel Last of the Mohicans.
His other Columbia films included Lorna Doone (1951), another swashbuckler based on a classic novel, directed by Phil Karlson and starring Richard Greene. He made some Westerns with George Montgomery, The Texas Rangers (1951), Indian Uprising (1951) and Cripple Creek (1952).
Return to United Artists
In 1951, Small helped fund Arthur Krim and Bob Benjamin acquire 50% of UA. He then signed a contract to make thirteen more movies for that company, ten within the first year, starting with Kansas City Confidential. This deal ultimately resulted in over seventy films over the next ten years. During this time he would occasionally make movies for other studios as well but United Artists were his main distributor. David Picker, head of the production for UA, later wrote that "I counted 76 films that Eddie made for the company simply because he was there to start it all. Now that's loyalty."
Most of Small's UA movies were budgeted between $100,000 and $300,000, and were not expected to make large profits on theatrical release but stood to earn considerable money being sold to television. They were usually shot within seven to nine days and went for around seventy minutes, starring lesser ranked names who were paid around $25,000. The majority were Westerns and crime melodramas (in contrast with his Columbia Films, which were mostly swashbucklers); towards the end of the 1950s he also increasingly made films aimed at the teenage market. The rise in television saw the market for these films die out in the early 1960s.
In order to supply his product, Small operated a number of companies during this period: Fame Productions, Theme Pictures, Motion Picture Investors, Associated Players & Producers, Superior Pictures Inc., Eclipse Productions, Imperial Pictures, Global Productions, and World Films.
He would assign his films to other producers such as Aubrey Wisberg; in 1953 he had a six-picture deal with the team of Clarence Greene and Russell Rouse which later became a 12-picture deal. His most prolific producer was Robert E. Kent for such companies as Peerless and Vogue.
Small remade The Corsican Brothers as The Bandits of Corsica (1952), with Richard Greene, and helped finance two swashbucklers with Dexter, Captain John Smith and Pocahontas (1953) and Captain Kidd and the Slave Girl (1954). He also helped make Dragon's Gold (1953) and The Neanderthal Man (1953).
Small made Westerns with Montgomery, Gun Belt (1953), with Tab Hunter, The Lone Gun (1954), Gun Duel in Durango (1956) and Toughest Gun in Tombstone (1958). He also did Westerns with Jock Mahoney (Overland Pacific (1954)), Rod Cameron (Southwest Passage (1954)), Sterling Hayden (Top Gun (1955), The Iron Sheriff (1957)), and Buster Crabbe (Gun Brothers (1956), Gunfighters of Abilene (1960)), Jim Davis (Noose for a Gunman (1960), Frontier Uprising (1961), The Gambler Wore a Gun (1961)), Bill Williams (Oklahoma Territory (1960)) and James Brown (Five Guns to Tombstone (1960), Gun Fight (1961), Gun Street (1962)). He made a children's Western, A Dog's Best Friend (1960).
Small helped finance some war films, Sabre Jet (1954) and The Steel Lady (1954) (with Hunter), and the noir Wicked Woman (1953). He did Khyber Patrol (1954) with Richard Egan and Return to Treasure Island (1954) with Hunter.
He made some noirs with Broderick Crawford, Down Three Dark Streets (1954) and New York Confidential (1955), and did a noir with Farley Granger, The Naked Street (1955). His other crime films included Chicago Confidential (1957), 5 Steps to Danger (1957), Hong Kong Confidential (1958), Guns Girls and Gangsters (1959), Inside the Mafia (1959), Pier 5, Havana (1959), Riot in Juvenile Prison (1960), Vice Raid (1960), Cage of Evil (1960), The Music Box Kid (1960), Three Came to Kill (1960), The Walking Target (1960), Boy Who Caught a Crook (1961), and The Cat Burglar (1961), The Police Dog Story (1961), Secret of Deep Harbor (1961, a remake of I Cover the Waterfront), When the Clock Strikes (1961), You Have to Run Fast (1961), Deadly Duo (1962), Incident in an Alley (1962)
Small also financed some science fiction and horror films: UFO (1956), Curse of the Faceless Man (1957), It! The Terror from Beyond Space (1958), The Four Skulls of Jonathan Drake (1959), Invisible Invaders (1959), The Flight That Disappeared (1960).
In 1964 Small provided funding for and was a silent partner in Grant Whytock's Admiral Pictures that produced Audie Murphy westerns for Columbia. Whytock had a long career editing many of Small's films and being credited as a producer or associate producer on several of them.
Larger budgeted films
In 1950, Small sold a package of 26 films he produced to show on American television through his Peerless Television Productions.
In 1953, he bought 50% of Arrow Productions.
Small later served as chairman of the board of the TV distribution company Television Programs of America whose shows include Private Secretary, Fury, 'Captain Gallant of the Foreign Legion, Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans, Halls of Ivy and 'Ramar of the Jungle. In 1957, he sold his interest in the company for $1.5 million.
In the late 1950s and early 1960s, Small made a number of films in the UK. He made several low-budget comedies and horror films, including several directed by Sidney J. Furie: Doctor Blood's Coffin (1961), The Snake Woman (1961) and Three on a Spree (1961, a remake of Brewster's Millions). He also produced a comedy, Mary Had a Little... (1961).
More prestigious was The Greengage Summer (1962) directed by Lewis Gilbert. Small did three horror films with Vincent Price, Tower of London (1962) with Roger Corman; Diary of a Madman (1963); and Twice-Told Tales (1963).
In the mid to late 1960s, Small cut back on his output and concentrated on making comedies with Bob Hope, such as I'll Take Sweden (1965) and Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number! (1966). He made Frankie and Johnny (1966) with Elvis Presley and the comedy The Wicked Dreams of Paula Schultz (1968) with Elke Sommer.
The File of the Golden Goose (1968) was a thriller, a remake of T-Men.
In 1973, director Phil Karlson, who made eight films for Small, called him "probably, in his field – and he made some very good films – the most successful producer in our entire industry. Financially, no doubt about it.The man is a multi-millionaire."
- ASR = Asher Small Rogers
- C = Columbia
- CP = Caralan Productions
- ES = Edward Small Productions
- FN = First National
- HF = Harvard Film Corporation
- R = Reliance
- UA = United Artists
- Z = Zenith Pictures
- The Painted Face by Bayard Veiller (1928)
- The Broadway Melody (1929)
- first talking movie for Nazimova (1929)
- Sojourn (1930)
- The Cradle of Jazz (1929) directed by Ted Wilde – stopped by Wilde's death from an old war wound in 1929 while directing a play for Small
- sequel to McFadden's Flats (1929)
- Mayor Harding of New York (1932) – abandoned after protests
- Style (1932) from a story by Adela Harland set in the fashion industry to star Lilyan Tashman
- If Christ Came to Chicago (1933)
- Mr Helen Green (1933)
- untitled film with Lawrence Tibbett – cancelled because Tibbett insisted on story and cast approval
- Beau Brummell (1934) with Robert Donat
- Lusitania (1935)
- Amateur Girl (1935) with Constance Cummings and Robert Young
- David Garrick (1935)
- The Mark of Zorro (1935) – later (1953) with Anthony Dexter|* Yosesmite (1935) – Western from script by Philip Dunne
- Robin Hood (1935) with Robert Donat
- adaptation of The Beggar's Opera (1935)
- Clementina (1936)
- The Lost World, Two Orphans and College Carnival (1938) – for United Artists
- Beach Boy (1938) with Jon Hall|* The Maginot Line (1938) with Louis Hayward
- The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1939)
- adaptation of Food of the Gods (1939)
- Quantrill the Radier (1939)
- By Any Other Name (1939) – play by Warren Musell about Edward de Vere, the Earl of Oxford
- Christopher Columbus (1940–46)
- Attack (1940) from a script by George Bruce about war maneuvers
- Le Grande Homme' (1940) starring Jack Oakie by David Dousseau
- Heels to the Sky (1941) – a story of an American in the RAF
- My Official Wife by Ernest Vajda, Sabotage, She Was a Working Girl (1941)
- The Docks of New York (1941)
- Winter Soldiers (1942)
- Clementina by A. E. W. Mason (1942)
- When Knighthood Was in Flower (1942)
- But Is It Love (1942) with Carole Lombard
- The Raft (1943) with William Bendix
- The Guy from Mike's Place (1943)
- The Notorious Nancy Gray (1943)
- Big Time (1943) with Ed Wynn
- remake of Two Arabian Knights (1944) with Dennis O'Keefe and William Bendix
- remake of Are You a Mason? (1944)
- When the Cat's Away (1944)
- Two Yanks in Paris (1945) – sequel to Abroad with Two Yanks
- A Time to be Born (1945) from book by Dawn Powell
- Lucretia Borgia (1945)
- D'Artagnan (1945)
- adaptation of The Scarlet Letter (1946)
- Kate Fennigate (1946) from novel by Booth Tarkington
- The O'Flynn (1946)
- The Treasure of Monte Cristo (1948)
- Twelve Against the Underworld (1948) for Eagle-Lion
- Crime on the Waterfront (1948) based on a series of newspaper articles
- The Los Angeles Story (1948) based on a script by Philip Yordan
- remake of The Sheik (1950)
- Far West (1953) with producer Arthur Hornblow written by Sonya Levien
- Cannibal Island (1953) a historical adventure tale with Lex Barker
- The Mad Magician (1953)
- Hercules (1953) with Lex Barker
- The Unseen Hand (1953)
- The Last Notch (1954) based on script by John Gilroy
- The Brass Ring (1954)
- Dateline Indo China (1954) with Denise Darcel
- film about a female Pinkerton detective
- If I Can't Have You (1955) with Andrew Stone
- Women Confidential (1957) by Lee Mortimer
- adaptation of Agatha Christie's The Mousetrap (1958) with Victor Saville
- Dear Spy, adaptation of novel Legacy of a Spy (1959) with script by Norman Krasna
- Sgt Pike (1960) a Western with about a Southerner fighting for the North – mentioned at times for John Wayne, Gary Cooper and Charlton Heston
- 36-26-36 (1965) – an original script by John Helmer
- The Shameless Virgin (1968) with Elke Sommer from a script by Nat Perrin
Films developed by Small made by others
- "Mother of Small, Film Producer, Dies". Los Angeles Times. Feb 12, 1940. p. 8.
- Hopper, Hedda (Jan 6, 1961). "Sea Movie Will Mark Pidgeon Film Return". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. b12.
- "Los Angeles to be Production Center". Los Angeles Times. Jan 27, 1924. p. B17.
- Thomas, Kevin (May 7, 1966). "Goetz Looks to Future, Past". Los Angeles Times. p. 22.
- "Nils Worked Days, Nights and Was Ill". Los Angeles Times. Apr 29, 1928. p. C13.
- "Loew's Inaugurate Change". Los Angeles Times. Nov 5, 1926. p. A11.
- "American Audiences Revise Idea of Virtue and Comedy". Los Angeles Times. Nov 14, 1926. p. C23.
- Miller, Barbara (Dec 5, 1926). "Small 'Picks the Winners': Discoverer of Many Favorites Plans "Quickies" With Unknown Casts to Unearth New Talent". Los Angeles Times. p. C18.
- Kingsley, Grace (Mar 23, 1928). "Flashes: Producers Reunited Asher Small and Rogers Announce Plans". Los Angeles Times. p. A8.
- "Sound Studios Announced: Plant to Cost $750,000 Will be Constructed in Studio City-Sherman Oaks District". Los Angeles Times. Dec 16, 1928. p. E2.
- Balio 2009, p. 117
- Douglas W. Churchill (Nov 24, 1935). New York Times. p. X5. Missing or empty
- Schallert, Edwin (Jan 27, 1936). "Robert Donat, Jack Oakie and Other Stars to Glisten on R.-K.-O. Program: Small Closes Deal for Reliance Films Kiepura's Next European Feature in Charge of "Casta Diva" Director; Jean Arthur and Melvyn Douglas to Join Talents". Los Angeles Times. p. A15.
- Schallert, Edwin (Mar 31, 1936). "Agreement Reached With Robert Donat, Now Abroad, to Come Here for Film: Old Contract May Complicate Matters Fans Mob Bette Davis in East–Studio Puts Her in "Mountain Justice;" John Boles Most Likely Choice for Alessandro". Los Angeles Times. p. 9.
- "A Film Combination: R.K.O. Radio Studios to Release All Reliance Pictures". New York Times. Jan 27, 1936. p. 20.
- Scott, John (Feb 2, 1936). "Switching Around of Movie Executives Goes On and On: Transfer Companies Do Booming Business as Film Bosses Move From One Lot to Another, With All Assistants". Los Angeles Times. p. C1.
- Richard Jewel, 'RKO Film Grosses: 1931–1951', Historical Journal of Film Radio and Television, Vol 14 No 1, 1994 p. 57
- Richard B. Jewell, RKO Radio Pictures: A Titan is Born, Uni of California Press 2012 p. 155
- "News of the Screen: Edward Small Returns to Produce at United Artists–'Mannequin' Opens Here at Capitol Today Coast Scripts Of Local Origin Elektra' Is Repeated". New York Times. Jan 20, 1938. p. 19.
- Schallert, Edwin (May 23, 1938). "Christmas Carol Will Ring Out Ere Yuletide: "Beau Brummell" Slated Wanger-Dieterle Deal Donat Signs for Term Hope Hampton Records". Los Angeles Times. p. A14.
- Meeks, Eric G. (2014) . The Best Guide Ever to Palm Springs Celebrity Homes. Horatio Limburger Oglethorpe. p. 35. ISBN 978-1479328598.
- "Early Day Film Producer Dies: John F. Miller Also Served as Reporter; Led Veteran Activities". Los Angeles Times. May 25, 1939. p. A22.
- Douglas W. Churchill (Sep 10, 1939). "Producers Gird for War: The Cinema Capital Contemplates Its Probable Effects Upon the Industry". New York Times. p. X3.
- Louella O. Parsons (July 6, 1940). "Close-Ups and Long-Shots Of the Motion Picture Scene". The Washington Post. p. 10.
- "Columbia Signs Ida Lupino to Play Role of Ellen Creed in 'Ladies in Retirement': Historical Film is Due – De Mille's 'Land of Liberty' to Open at Criterion – 'Play Girl' Listed at Palace". New York Times. Jan 29, 1941. p. 21.
- Thomas F. Brady (Mar 22, 1942). "Some News Highlights From the West Coast: Fox Has Its First War Experience With Navy Censors – Mr. Small Shuts Down". New York Times. p. X3.
- "Bromfield's 'Colorado' to Have Johnson as Star Of Local Origin". New York Times. Jan 8, 1945. p. 14.
- "'Sweet Charity' Opens Tonight – Film Commitment May Interfere With Run of Miss Hepburn's Play". New York Times. Dec 28, 1942. p. 23.
- "Temperance Group Seeks Writ of Mandate". Los Angeles Times. May 2, 1944. p. 2.
- "Michael Todd Set to Film 'Great Son': Ferber Novel Will Be His First Universal Picture – Hellinger Acquires 'Criss-Cross' "Variety Girl" Planned". New York Times. June 4, 1946. p. 33.
- Thomas F Brady (Mar 27, 1948). "Small, Eagle-Lion Break Relations: Producer Holds Distributors Minimized His Contribution to Recent Film 'T-Men'". New York Times. p. 10.
- Thomas Brady (Aug 14, 1949). "Hollywood Dossier: Long Hunt for Actor to Play Valentino Finally Ends – Other Studio Items". New York Times. p. X3.
- Thomas F. Brady (Dec 21, 1949). "Metro Will Film Story of Israel: 'The Road' Listed by Studio as Telling of Birth of Nation – Marcus to Do Script". New York Times. p. 41.
- Dick, Bernard F. The Merchant Prince of Poverty Row: Harry Cohn of Columbia Pictures. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 135–136.
- Thomas F. Brady (Oct 10, 1947). "Van Helfin to Star in Film for Metro: Gets Lead in 'Upward to Stars,' Story by Charles Martin – Ava Gardner in Cast". New York Times. p. 32.
- "Two Meetings Slated for AIME Groups". Los Angeles Times. Mar 8, 1948. p. 14.
- Schallert, Edwin (Oct 10, 1947). "French Import Touted; Scott Liked for 'Sarah'". Los Angeles Times. p. A9.
- Thomas F. Brady (Jan 23, 1948). "Rowland, Ansell Plan New Movie: Film Classics Producers List 'Medal of Honor' as Next – To Be Done in Mexico". New York Times. p. 27.
- Thomas F. Brady (Dec 1, 1947). "Windust to Direct Bette Davis' Next: 'Featured for June' Is Listed by Warners for Film Star, After 'Winter Meeting'". New York Times. p. 27.
- Bernard Small on IMDb
- "Of Local Origin". New York Times. May 16, 1952. p. 18.
- Schallert, Edwin (Jan 11, 1955). "Aldo Ray and Dick York Team Up; 'Anything Goes' Likely for Phil Harris". Los Angeles Times. p. B7.
- David Picker, Musts, Maybes and Nevers: A Book About The Movies, CreateSpace Independent, 2013 p. 31
- Tino Balio, United Artists: The Company That Changed the Film Industry, Wisconsin Press, 1987 pp. 120–124
- Thomas M. Pryor (Sep 9, 1953). "Small Plans Film About Crime Here: Hopes to Team Muni and Raft in 'New York Confidential' – Contract Parley Today". New York Times. p. 38.
- "Greene and Rouse to Make 12 Films: They Form Team to Produce, Write and Direct With the Backing of Edward Small. Thomas M. Pryor". New York Times. Aug 31, 1954. p. 26.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (Nov 21, 1957). "Kristin' Seen as Challenge: Kaufman Phones Terry Moore; 'Diamonds' Polished for Laage". Los Angeles Times. p. C11.
- "Of Local Origin". New York Times. May 16, 1952. p. 18.
- p. 192 Larkins,Bob & Magers, Boyd The Films of Audie Murphy McFarland, 1 May 2016
- "Phil Carey Cast in Disney Movie: Actor to Star With Mineo in 'Tonka' – Negulesco to Direct 'The Blessing'. Thomas M. Pryor". New York Times. June 20, 1958. p. 27.
- "Billboard". 1952-10-25.
- Thomas M. Pryor (May 14, 1953). "Warwick Acquires Bevan Spy Novel: Irving Allen Plans Production of 'Zarak Khan' – Seeking Errol Flynn for Title Role". New York Times. p. 33.
- Val Adams (Aug 7, 1957). "Small Disposes of TV Interests: Sells Share of T.P.A. Film Concern to Milton Gordon – Robinson Bout on Air". New York Times. p. 39.
- Martin, Betty (May 22, 1970). "Cloris Leachman Signs Pact". Los Angeles Times. p. g18.
- Todd McCarthy and Richard Thompson. "Phil Karlson: Interview, November 19, 1973" Kings of the Bs; Working Within the Hollywood System, eds. Todd McCarthy and Charles Flynn (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1975), pp. 327-345. Rpt. Cine Resort, Oct. 7 2014
- Edward Small at Find a Grave
- "Of Local Origin". New York Times. July 10, 1943. p. 8.
- "Paramount Makes Silent Film: Alice Day to Play Lead in First National's Drag;" Fox Follies Not Mere Revue – Will Have Story; E. H. Griffith Signing With Columbia" Kingsley, Grace". Los Angeles Times. Mar 15, 1929. p. A10.
- "She'll Set Vogue in Voice Films". Los Angeles Times. Apr 22, 1929. p. A1.
- Schallert, Edwin (May 16, 1930). "Shearer Film Ultra in Plot: Divorce" Draws Crowds to Criterion Star's Effort Surpassing One on Talk Screen Excellent Supporting Cast Seen in Feature". Los Angeles Times. p. A9.
- "New Drama Arrives at Mayan Soon: Helen Menken Has Leading Role in New Play 'Top O' The Hill'". Los Angeles Times. 17 June 1929. p. A7.
- "Apoplexy Fatal to Film Director: Rites for Ted Wilde Tomorrow – Masons to be in Charge of Services for Director Who Died Unexpectedly". Los Angeles Times. Dec 18, 1929. p. A7.
- "Duffy to Return in Mystery: Cat and Canary" Listed at President; Dale Winter Costars in Play"". Los Angeles Times. Dec 25, 1929. p. A11.
- "Noted Director Also Sculptor". Los Angeles Times. Sep 10, 1932. p. A7.
- "Herbert Mundin Enjoys His Job in 'Cavalcade': Grows Red Whiskers to Play the Butler. Shaffer, George". Chicago Daily Tribune. Sep 30, 1932. p. 19.
- "United Artists a Little Ahead for The Time of Year". The Washington Post. Feb 12, 1933. p. S5.
- Schallert, Edwin (Sep 25, 1934). "Success of Song Features Results in Five-Picture Offer for Lawrence Tibbett: Big Plans Ahead for Famous Opera Singer Walter Wanger Out to Sign Formidable Group of Movie Names; The Great Ziegfeld" Not to Start Until November". Los Angeles Times. p. 19.
- "Broadway: Men and Maids. by Ed Sullivan. The Washington Post". May 5, 1936. p. 16.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (Oct 8, 1934). "Eight Music Publishers in International Tie-up for Expected Opera Cycle: Meyer Appointed to Negotiate All Sales Fay Wray Wins Star Role in Mills of the Gods;" Selznick Signs Clemence Dane; Joe Morrison in "Win or Lose"". Los Angeles Times. p. 15.
- "Timeliness Declared Vital in Selecting Story Plots". Los Angeles Times. Aug 7, 1935. p. 12.
- "United Artists, Despite the Loss of Twentieth Century, Sees Big Season Ahead: Many Pictures Scheduled for Early Release British Studios Help Out; At Circus Coincidence; Amusement Jottings. (Reprinted from Yesterday's Last Edition.) by Nelson B. Bell.. The Washington Post". June 14, 1935. p. 20.
- "Announces New Films: Reliance Studios Executive Tells of Year's Plans". New York Times. Aug 22, 1935. p. 20.
- Hopper, Hedda (Mar 30, 1953). "Looking at Hollywood: Glenn Ford Is Scheduled to Make Picture, 'The Americano,' in Brazil". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. b6.
- Schallert, Edwin (Sep 28, 1935). "Walter Connoolly Summoned East to Play Lead in Soak the Rich" Picture: Player to Work for Hecht, MacArthur Edward Small Will Star George Houston in Saga of California Indians; Rudy Vallée to Stay in East for Next Production". Los Angeles Times. p. 5.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (Aug 20, 1935). "First American Cinema Version of Beggar's Opera Planned by Reliance: Houston Mentioned as Chief Character Joan Bennett Will Emote Opposite Ronald Colman in "Man Who Broke the Bank;" William Powell Film Announced". Los Angeles Times. p. 19.
- "James Flood and Edward Small Split Over 'Coast Patrol' – Cantor for Winchell-Bernie Film". New York Times. Oct 14, 1936. p. 31.
- "Successful Revivals – Return of Valentino – Old Films and New Productions". The Manchester Guardian. July 7, 1938. p. 12.
- "RKO and United Artists Seek Anna Neagle – Metro Plans Remake of 'Desert Song' New Role for Miss Faye – Slated for 'Life of William Tell'–Goldwyn Prepares to Film 'Beach Boy' Plans for Alice Faye Coast Scripts Of Local Origin". New York Times. Nov 22, 1938. p. 26.
- "Edward Small Plans to Make 'The Maginot Line'–Louis Hayward Will Be Star – If I Were King' to Open – Premiere at Paramount Today to Feature Ronald Colman and Basil Rathbone Jack London Story for Screen Of Local Origin". New York Times. Sep 28, 1938. p. 29.
- Schallert, Edwin (Oct 14, 1939). "Drama: 'Sleepy Hollow' Tale to Promote 'Classics'". Los Angeles Times. p. A7.
- Schallert, Edwin (Mar 28, 1939). "Marshall Will Play in 'My Son, My Son': Europe Lures Notables Students Belittle Stars Tommy Kelly Assigned Ann Sheridan's New Role". Los Angeles Times. p. 15.
- "Showdown Sought in Ticket Code Row: Theatre League Refuses New Talks With Brokers and Demands Action – Issue of Pay Will Wait – Equity Delays Its Decision on the Higher Scale–Reginald Denny May Return Ainley May Succeed Downing Baltimore Booking Canceled Golden Gets Script Friday". New York Times. Dec 13, 1939. p. 35.
- "Hollywood's Promises for 1940: Coming-of-Age of United Artists". The Scotsman. Edinburgh, Scotland. Jan 9, 1940. p. 9.
- Schallert, Edwin (Aug 12, 1946). "Columbus Enterprise Builds Up Momentum". Los Angeles Times. p. A2.
- "'Attack' Purchased by Fox – George Murphy Assigned to 'Little Nellie Kelly' – Four Films This Week – Tom Brown's School Days' at Music Hall and 'Fugitive' at Rialto on Thursday Of Local Origin. Douglas W. Churchill". New York Times. June 24, 1940. p. 19.
- Schallert, Edwin (Sep 28, 1940). "John Carroll Build-up to Stardom Assured". Los Angeles Times. p. A9.
- "Cary Grant Withdrawing From Leading Role in 'The Man Who Came to Dinner': 2 New Film Here Today – 'Road to Zanzibar' and 'The Penalty' Arrive – Chaplin Festival Sets Records. Douglas W. Churchill". New York Times. April 9, 1941. p. 33.
- Schallert, Edwin (Mar 12, 1941). "Newlyweds Ball, Arnaz Will Costar for R.K.O.: Small Ticketing Donlevy Jinx Falkenberg in Lead Judy Canova Re-signed Movie Vamp Trio Named Nils Asther Assigned". Los Angeles Times. p. 12.
- "Biltmore to Get 'Ask My Friend, Sandy' – 'Junior Miss' Moves to Forty-sixth Street Dec. 25". New York Times. Dec 17, 1942. p. 46.
- Schallert, Edwin (Jan 11, 1942). "While the Films Reel". Los Angeles Times. p. C3.
- "Charles Laughton to Appear in 'The History of Mr. Polly' – Role for James Craig: Roxy Film in Third Week – 'Remember the Day' Held Over – 'Girl From Leningrad' Remains at Stanley". New York Times. Jan 9, 1942. p. 25.
- "New 'Monte Cristo' Feature Announced John Garfield, John Ridgely Will Join Cary Grant in 'Destination Tokyo'. Schallert, Edwin". Los Angeles Times. June 18, 1943. p. 15.
- Hopper, Hedda (July 27, 1943). "Looking at Hollywood". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 15.
- Schallert, Edwin (Dec 28, 1943). "Sanders Wins Key Role in 'Dorian Gray' Film Producer Small Seeks Stellar Songstress for Musical, 'Notorious Nancy Grazy'". Los Angeles Times. p. 7.
- Schallert, Edwin (Feb 1, 1944). "O'Keefe Pressuring Small to Do 'Knights': Pressburger Will Route 'The Blivens' First to Stage, Then to Picture Medium". Los Angeles Times. p. 9.
- Fred Standley. (June 25, 1944). "Hollywood Awakens to the Shorts: One and Two Reel Films Regaining Popularity – Love Wins as Usual". New York Times. p. X3.
- "News of the Screen The Christian Science Monitor". July 21, 1944. p. 4.
- Schallert, Edwin (Aug 28, 1944). "Comedy Yanks Plan Entry Into Paris, Too: Topical 'First Man in Tokyo' Scheduled; Marsha Hunt Joins Garson Entourage". Los Angeles Times. p. 8.
- Schallert, Edwin (Mar 29, 1946). "Small Plans Classic; Quints Deal Hovers". Los Angeles Times. p. A7.
- "Filmland Briefs". Los Angeles Times. May 23, 1946. p. A3.
- Schallert, Edwin (June 28, 1946). "Stage's Vye Will Vie With Academy Winner". Los Angeles Times. p. A3.
- Thomas F. Brady (June 15, 1948). "Small Plans Film on 'Monte Cristo': Seeks Louis Hayward for Lead in Movie on Dumas Hero – Beloin Doing Hope Script". New York Times. p. 33.
- Schallert, Edwin (Aug 22, 1950). "Mitchell Likely Cap'n Andy; Preston to Star as Heavy With Rooney". Los Angeles Times. p. A11.
- Schallert, Edwin (Mar 6, 1953). "Sobbin' Women' Shaping for Betta St. John; 'Far West' Set for Hornblow". Los Angeles Times. p. B7.
- Hopper, Hedda (Apr 2, 1953). "Looking at Hollywood: Olivia de Havilland Off This Week for Europe". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. c5.
- Hopper, Hedda (May 19, 1953). "Looking at Hollywood: Fernando Lamas' Next Film in Busy Season Is 'Honeymoon'". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. a2.
- Hopper, Hedda (Aug 1, 1953). "Zanuck to Produce GI's Murder Story". Los Angeles Times. p. 10.
- "Movieland Briefs". Los Angeles Times. June 23, 1953. p. A7.
- Hopper, Hedda (Dec 21, 1954). "Farley Granger to Play Head of Crime Syndicate in Movie". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. a4.
- Hedda Hopper (June 4, 1954). "Olivia Will Marry 'Between Pictures'". Los Angeles Times. p. 22.
- Schallert, Edwin (June 21, 1955). "Pinkerton Production on Hot Slate; 'Hired Guns' Speeds Project". Los Angeles Times. p. 19.
- Hopper, Hedda (Oct 29, 1955). "Looking at Hollywood: Film on Brainwashing to Have Trio of Stars". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 15.
- Schallert, Edwin (Jan 9, 1957). "'Women Confidential' Set; Robinson Likely Loeb; Traubel Role Big". Los Angeles Times. p. C9.
- Scott, John L. (Sep 24, 1958). "Hollywood Will Go Traveling in 1959: Foreign Locations Intrigue Fregonese, Power and Others". Los Angeles Times. p. 27.
- Richard Mason (Oct 7, 1959). "'Ben Hur' to Race for 213 Minutes: Film Will Be Third Longest Shown – Small and Saville Planning 'Dear Spy'". New York Times. p. 47.
- Hopper, Hedda (Dec 21, 1960). "Hedda Sees Bob Hope Off on Holiday Tour". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. a2.
- Martin, Betty (Aug 10, 1965). "Movie Call Sheet: Miss York in 'Doctor' Role". Los Angeles Times. p. c11.
- Martin, Betty. (Sep 27, 1967). "Harris Signs CBS Deal". Los Angeles Times. p. d13.
- "Prize Ring Comedy Goes Into Work at Early Date at U.A. The Washington Post". May 28, 1933. p. S5.
- Balio, Tino, United Artists: The Company Built By the Stars Volume 1 1919–1950, University of Wisconsin Press, 2009