The **Edinburgh Mathematical Society** is a mathematical society for academics in Scotland.

## History

The Society was founded in 1883 by a group of Edinburgh school teachers and academics, on the initiative of Alexander Yule Fraser FRSE and Andrew Jeffrey Gunion Barclay FRSE,^{[1]} both maths teachers at George Watson's College, and Cargill Gilston Knott, the assistant of Peter Guthrie Tait, professor of physics at the University of Edinburgh.^{[2]} The first president, elected at first meeting on 2 February 1883, was J.S. Mackay, the head mathematics master at the Edinburgh Academy.^{[2]}

The Society was founded at a time when mathematics societies were being created around the world, but it was unusual in being founded by school teachers rather than university lecturers.^{[2]} This was because, due to the very small number of mathematical academic positions in Scotland at the time, many skilled mathematics graduates chose to become schoolteachers instead.^{[3]} The fifty five founding members contained teachers, ministers and students, as well as a number of academics from the University of Cambridge.^{[4]} The proportion of teachers remained high compared to other mathematical societies, and by 1926 university members made up only one-third of the total members.^{[5]} However, the dominance of teachers in the numbers of the society declined towards the 1930s, and between 1930 and 1935 no papers were presented in the *Proceedings* by teachers.^{[3]} This was due to an increase in the number of academic positions available and the new requirement for teachers to undergo an additional year of vocational training.^{[3]}

The Edinburgh Mathematical Society is now mainly for academics.^{[3]}

## Activity

The Society organises and funds meetings and other research events throughout Scotland. There are normally eight meetings a year, at which talks are presented by mathematicians.^{[6]}

Every four years it awards the Sir Edmund Whittaker Memorial Prize to an outstanding mathematician with a Scottish connection.^{[7]} The Society is a corporate member of the European Mathematical Society,^{[8]} and in 2008 it became a member of the Council for the Mathematical Sciences.^{[6]}

## Journals

The publishes an academic journal, the *Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society*, published by Cambridge University Press (ISSN 0013-0915.)^{[9]} The *Proceedings* were first published in 1884, and is issued three times a year. It covering a range of pure and applied mathematics.^{[6]}

Between 1909 and 1961, the Society also published the *Edinburgh Mathematical Notes*, on the suggestion of George Alexander Gibson, a professor at the University of Glasgow, who wished to remove the more elementary or pedagogical articles from the *Proceedings*.^{[10]}

## See also

## References

**^***Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002*(PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.- ^
^{a}^{b}^{c}"The Edinburgh Mathematical Society". mcs.st-and.ac.uk. Retrieved 16 September 2014. - ^
^{a}^{b}^{c}^{d}Marit Hartveit (December 2009). "Death of a Schoolmaster" (PDF).*EMS Newsletter*: 27–30. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. **^**"Founder Members of Edinburgh Mathematical Society". mcs.st-and.ac.uk. Retrieved 16 September 2014.**^**Flood, Raymond; Rice, Adrian; Wilson, Robin (29 September 2011).*Mathematics in Victorian Britain*. Oxford University Press. p. 172. ISBN 978-0-19-162794-1.- ^
^{a}^{b}^{c}"About the Edinburgh Mathematical Society". ems.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 12 November 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014. **^**"Whittaker Prize". ems.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 17 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014.**^**"Member Societies". euro-math-soc.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2014.**^**"Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society". journals.cambridge.org. Retrieved 16 September 2014.**^**"Edinburgh Mathematical Notes". mcs.st-and.ac.uk. Retrieved 16 September 2014.