November 24, 1935|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Height||6 ft 0 in (183 cm)|
|Weight||190 lb (86 kg; 13 st 8 lb)|
Boston Bruins |
Toronto Maple Leafs
St. Louis Blues
Chicago Black Hawks
Edward Joseph Johnston (born November 24, 1935) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey goaltender and former coach and general manager in the National Hockey League. His professional career spanned fifty-three years (twenty-two as a player and thirty-one in management), mostly in the NHL. He won two Stanley Cups as a player with the Boston Bruins in 1970 and 1972, and a third in 2009 as senior advisor for hockey operations with the Pittsburgh Penguins, an organization he served in various capacities for twenty-five years. He was the last NHL goaltender to play every minute of every game in a season, in 1963–64.
Johnston grew up in an anglophone neighborhood in Montreal and was often called "E.J.", a nickname by which he is still known. He became interested in ice hockey as a youth and became a goaltender.
Johnston began his hockey career as a teenager in 1953 with the Montreal Junior Royals of the Quebec Junior Hockey League. After six years in the minor leagues, he was called up in 1962 by the Boston Bruins, who owned his rights and for whom he would play the bulk of his NHL career. In the following season, he played every minute of every game during the regular season, the last NHL goaltender to do so.
The Bruins were a mediocre team in his first five seasons, finishing out of the playoffs every year and often in last place. This changed after expansion in 1967, when after acquiring Bobby Orr and Phil Esposito, the resurgent Bruins became a powerhouse that won the Stanley Cup in 1970 and 1972. Serving as a backup to Gerry Cheevers, Johnston played well enough to be named as a backup to Team Canada for the Summit Series in 1972, although he played only in exhibition matches. The following season, after defections to the new World Hockey Association left Johnston as the number one goaltender for the Bruins once more, he did not play nearly so well, and was traded after the season to the Toronto Maple Leafs in completion of the trade that brought Jacques Plante to Boston. After one season with the Leafs, Johnston was dealt to the St. Louis Blues, for whom he was a credible backup for three seasons. In his final season, 1977-78, he played poorly in twelve games for St. Louis and was then sold to the Chicago Black Hawks, for whom he played in four matches to end his playing career. At the time of his retirement, he was ninth all time in games played by a goaltender, sixteenth all time in goaltending wins and sixth in losses.
On Halloween night in 1968, Johnston was severely injured by Bobby Orr's slapshot to the side of his head during warm-up in Detroit. He spent six weeks in hospital.
Johnston recorded seven playoff wins for Boston in his career. That total, as of 2019, ranks him 13th on the Bruins' all-time list for playoff victories by a goaltender.
Coach and general manager
The year after he retired as a player, Johnston became the coach of the New Brunswick Hawks, the Chicago Black Hawks' new American Hockey League farm team, and lead them to a 41–29–10 record and second place in its division.
He became head coach of the Black Hawks during the 1979–80 NHL season and compiled a 34–27–19 record. The following year, he became head coach of the Pittsburgh Penguins and in 1983 was appointed general manager. He held the GM post at Pittsburgh for five years. Johnston oversaw Pittsburgh's selection of Mario Lemieux in the entry draft; without Lemieux, Johnston said in reference to the Penguins' home arena, Mellon Arena, "This place would be a parking lot." Lemieux would come to be known as the team's repeated savior, as well as one of the greatest hockey players of all-time.
After Johnston left the Penguins for the first time in 1988, he served as the general manager of the Hartford Whalers from 1989 until his release in 1992. Johnston's tenure is remembered with distinct displeasure in Hartford, where he is viewed as ultimately being responsible for the franchise's eventual relocation to North Carolina, by having dismantled a playoff team through unproductive trades, and by allowing relations between captain and star player Ron Francis and head coach Rick Ley to deteriorate to the point where Francis was accused of "playing out the final year of his contract"; Francis was stripped of his captaincy by Ley in December 1990.
Johnston subsequently traded Francis, along with his roommate Ulf Samuelsson, to Pittsburgh as part of a six-player deal on March 4, 1991. Although some thought that Hartford got the better end of the bargain as center John Cullen had been among the league leaders in scoring that season and Zarley Zalapski was seen as a young defenseman with great promise, the deal rapidly became one of the most lopsided and notorious in NHL history as the popular Francis and Samuelsson immediately went on to play major roles in Pittsburgh's first two Stanley Cup championships in 1991 and 1992, while neither Cullen nor Zalapski could duplicate their success with Pittsburgh in Hartford.
After being considered for the position for the 1992–93 season but having been unable to come to terms on a contract with Pittsburgh, Johnston was once again hired as head coach of the Penguins for 1993–94 and guided the Pens until the 1996–97 season, when he was asked to step down due to the Penguins' failure to win a third Stanley Cup under his guidance. He spent the next nine years as the assistant general manager to Craig Patrick before being named Senior Adviser for Hockey Operations in July 2006, his 23rd year with the Pittsburgh Penguins organization. It was in that capacity as the Penguins finally won their third Stanley Cup in 2009 that E.J. did the same, winning his first with Pittsburgh, first since 1972, and first as management.
In 2009, he announced that Game 7 of the Finals would be his last and moved into semi-retirement.
Johnston remains the Penguins' all-time leader in coaching losses (224) and games coached (516).
On January 7, 2014 against the Vancouver Canucks, Dan Bylsma passed him as the Penguins all-time leader in coaching wins with 233.
Awards and achievements
- EHL First All-Star Team (1960)
- EPHL First All-Star Team (1961)
- WHL Second All-Star Team (1962)
- 5 Time Stanley Cup champion (1970, 1972, 2009, 2016, 2017)
- Named to play for Team Canada in the 1972 Summit Series
Regular season and playoffs
|1953–54||Montréal Jr. Royals||QJHL||35||—||—||—||—||226||0||—||—||4||0||4||0||240||32||0||8.00||—|
|1955–56||Montréal Jr. Canadiens||M-Cup||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||10||5||4||1||598||27||2||2.71||—|
|1965–66||Los Angeles Blades||WHL||5||2||2||0||260||10||1||2.31||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1973–74||Toronto Maple Leafs||NHL||26||12||9||4||1516||78||1||3.09||.894||1||0||1||—||60||6||0||6.00||.800|
|1974–75||St. Louis Blues||NHL||30||12||13||5||1800||93||2||3.10||.895||1||0||1||—||60||5||0||5.00||.828|
|1975–76||St. Louis Blues||NHL||38||11||17||9||2152||130||1||3.62||.872||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1976–77||St. Louis Blues||NHL||38||13||16||5||2111||108||1||3.07||.882||3||0||2||—||138||9||0||3.91||.893|
|1977–78||St. Louis Blues||NHL||12||5||6||1||650||45||0||4.15||.853||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1977–78||Chicago Black Hawks||NHL||4||1||3||0||240||17||0||4.25||.851||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
"Johnston's stats". The Goaltender Home Page. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
|Team||Year||Regular season||Post season|
|CHI||1979–80||80||34||27||19||87||1st in Smythe||Won in preliminary round (3-0 vs. STL) |
Lost in quarter-finals (0-4 vs. BUF)
|PIT||1980–81||80||30||37||13||73||4th in Norris||Lost in preliminary round (2-3 vs. STL)|
|PIT||1981–82||80||31||36||13||75||4th in Patrick||Lost in division semi-finals (2-3 vs. NYI)|
|PIT||1982–83||80||18||53||9||45||6th in Patrick||Missed playoffs|
|PIT||1993–94||84||44||27||13||101||1st in Northeast||Lost in conference quarter-finals (2-4 vs. WSH)|
|PIT||1994–95||48||29||16||3||61||2nd in Northeast||Won in conference quarter-finals (4-3 vs. WSH) |
Lost in conference semi-finals (1-4 vs. NJ)
|PIT||1995–96||82||49||29||4||102||1st in Northeast||Won in conference quarter-finals (4-2 vs. WSH) |
Won in conference semi-finals (4-1 vs. NYR)
Lost in conference finals (3-4 vs. FLA)
|PIT||1996–97||62||31||26||5||(84)||2nd in Northeast||(fired)|
|Total||596||266||251||60||592||2 Division Titles||25-28 (.472)|
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 17, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- http://www.hartfordwhalers.org/future_20060107.php | Civic Pride: A Bonanza Of Memories, A Dream That Won't Die; January 7, 2006 – Jeff Jacobs – Hartford Courant
- Pittsburgh Penguins [@penguins] (January 8, 2014). "Congratulations to Dan Bylsma, now the #Pens All-Time Winningest coach! 233 wins. Congrats Coach!" (Tweet) – via Twitter. /photo/1
- Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database
- Goaltenders.info profile of Ed Johnston
| Head coach of the Chicago Blackhawks
| Head coach of the Pittsburgh Penguins
| General Manager of the Pittsburgh Penguins
| General Manager of the Hartford Whalers
| Head coach of the Pittsburgh Penguins