The Ecclesiastical Province of Canada was founded in 1860 and is one of four ecclesiastical provinces in the Anglican Church of Canada. Despite its name, the province covers only the former territory of Lower Canada (i.e., southern and eastern Quebec), the Maritimes, and Newfoundland and Labrador (Ontario was split off as a separate province in 1913). There are seven dioceses in the province:
- Montreal (Quebec),
- Quebec (whose borders are consistent with Lower Canada outside Montreal),
- Fredericton (New Brunswick),
- Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island (Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island),
- Western Newfoundland (Newfoundland and Labrador),
- Central Newfoundland (Newfoundland and Labrador), and
- Eastern Newfoundland and Labrador (Newfoundland and Labrador).
Provinces of the Anglican Church of Canada are headed by a Metropolitan, elected from among the province's diocesan bishops. This bishop then becomes Archbishop of his or her diocese and Metropolitan of the Province. The current Metropolitan of the Province of Canada is the Most Rev Ronald Cutler, Archbishop of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island
From 1861 until 1870, the Bishop of Montreal was metropolitan over the four dioceses of the then Province of Canada (i.e., Upper and Lower Canada - modern Ontario and Quebec). The Province was expanded in 1870 and 1871 to include New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. After 1878, the role of metropolitan of the province of Canada became one elected from among the diocesan bishops of the province.
Metropolitans of Canada
- Ecclesiastical provinces of the Anglican Church of Canada
- List of dioceses of the Anglican Church of Canada
- Minutes of the Synod of the Ecclesiastical Province of Canada, held in the archives of the Diocese of Montreal