(as ABC Sports)
September 2, 2006
(as ESPN on ABC)
|Closed||August 26, 2006|
(as ABC Sports)
|Country of origin||United States|
|Major broadcasting contracts|
|Formerly known as||ABC Sports |
(SAP; select events)
ESPN on ABC (known as ABC Sports from 1961 to 2006) is the brand used for sports event and documentary programming televised by the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) in the United States. Officially, the broadcast network retains its own sports division; however, for practical purposes, ABC's sports division was merged into ESPN Inc. in 2006, which is the parent subsidiary of the cable sports network ESPN that is majority owned by ABC's corporate parent, The Walt Disney Company, in partnership with Hearst Communications.
ABC broadcasts use ESPN's production and announcing staff, and incorporate elements such as ESPN-branded on-screen graphics, SportsCenter in-game updates, and the BottomLine ticker. The ABC logo is still used for identification purposes such as a digital on-screen graphic during sports broadcasts on the network, and in promotions to disambiguate events airing the broadcast network from those shown on the ESPN cable channel.
The broadcast network's sports event coverage carried the ABC Sports brand prior to September 2, 2006. When ABC acquired a controlling interest in ESPN in 1984, it operated the cable network separately from its network sports division. The integration of ABC Sports with ESPN began after The Walt Disney Company bought ABC in 1996. The branding change to ESPN on ABC was made to better orient ESPN viewers with event telecasts on ABC and provide consistent branding for all sports broadcasts on Disney-owned channels (shortly thereafter, ESPN2's in-game graphics were likewise altered to simply use the main "ESPN" brand). Despite its name, ABC's sports coverage is supplemental to ESPN and (with occasional exceptions) not a simulcast of programs aired by the network, although ESPN and ESPN2 will often carry ABC's regional broadcasts that otherwise would not air in certain markets.
When Roone Arledge came to ABC Sports as a producer of NCAA football games in 1960, the network was in financial shambles. The International Olympic Committee even wanted a bank to guarantee ABC's contract to broadcast the 1960 Olympics. At the time, Edgar Scherick served as the de facto head of ABC Sports. Scherick had joined the fledgling ABC television network when he persuaded it to purchase Sports Programs, Inc., in exchange for the network acquiring shares in the company. Scherick had formed the company after he left CBS, when the network would not make him the head of its sports programming unit (choosing to instead appoint former baseball public relations agent William C. McPhail). Before ABC Sports even became a formal division of the network, Scherick and ABC programming chief Tom Moore pulled off many programming deals involving the most popular American sporting events.
While Scherick was not interested in "For Men Only," he recognized the talent that Arledge had. Arledge realized ABC was the organization he was looking to become part of. The lack of a formal organization would offer him the opportunity to claim real power when the network matured. With this, he signed on with Scherick as an assistant producer, with Arledge eventually ascending to a role as executive producer of its sports telecasts.
Several months before ABC began broadcasting NCAA college football games, Arledge sent Scherick a remarkable memo, filled with youthful exuberance, and television production concepts which sports broadcasts have adhered to since. Network broadcasts of sporting events had previously consisted of simple set-ups and focused on the game itself. In his memo, Arledge not only offered another way to broadcast the game to the sports fan, but recognized that television had to take fans to the game. In addition, he had the forethought to realize that the broadcasts needed to attract, and hold the attention of female viewers, as well as males. On September 17, 1960, the then-29-year-old Arledge put his vision into reality with ABC's first NCAA college football broadcast from Birmingham, Alabama, between the Alabama Crimson Tide and the Georgia Bulldogs which Alabama won, 21–6.
Despite the production values he brought to NCAA college football, Scherick wanted low-budget sports programming (as in inexpensive broadcasting rights) that could attract and retain an audience. He hit upon the idea of broadcasting track and field events sponsored by the Amateur Athletic Union. While Americans were not exactly fans of track and field events, Scherick figured that Americans understood games.
In January 1961, Scherick called Arledge into his office, and asked him to attend the annual AAU board of governors meeting. While he was shaking hands, Scherick said, "if the mood seemed right, might he cut a deal to broadcast AAU events on ABC?" It seemed like a tall assignment, however as Scherick said years later, "Roone was a gentile and I was not." Arledge came back with a deal for ABC to broadcast all AAU events for $50,000 per year. Next, Scherick and Arledge divided up their NCAA college football sponsor list. They then telephoned their sponsors and said in so many words, "Advertise on our new sports show coming up in April, or forget about buying commercials on NCAA college football this fall." The two persuaded enough sponsors to advertise on the broadcasts, though it took them to the last day of a deadline imposed by ABC's programming operations to do it.
Wide World of Sports – an anthology series featuring a different sporting event each broadcast, which premiered on the network on April 29, 1961 – suited Scherick's plans exactly. By exploiting the speed of jet transportation and flexibility of videotape, Scherick was able to undercut NBC and CBS's advantages in broadcasting live sporting events. In that era, with communications nowhere near as universal as they are in the present day, ABC was able to safely record events on videotape for later broadcast without worrying about an audience finding out the results. Arledge, his colleague Chuck Howard, and Jim McKay (who left CBS for this opportunity) made up the show on a week-by-week basis during the first year of Wide World's run. Arledge had a genius for the dramatic storyline that unfolded in the course of a game or event. McKay's honest curiosity and reporter's bluntness gave the show an emotional appeal which attracted viewers who might not have otherwise watched a sporting event. More importantly from Arledge's perspective, Wide World of Sports allowed him to demonstrate his ability as an administrator as well as a producer.
His ability to provide prime sports content was solidified in 1964, when ABC appointed Arledge as the vice president of ABC Sports. That same year, Scherick left the sports division to become ABC's vice president of programming – leaving Arledge as the top executive at ABC Sports, although he would not gain a formal title as president for four years.
In 1968, Arledge was formally appointed as president of ABC Sports. As the sports division's president for the succeeding 18 years, his job was his hobby; as he described it, it was good because he watched sports for work rather than leisure, but had a downside as he had no time left for leisure activities. He made sportsmen into stars, a trend he would later bring to the news division where he lured established anchors and correspondents such as David Brinkley and Diane Sawyer and paid unheard-of salaries, including the first million-dollar contract to Barbara Walters.
Arledge personally produced all ten of ABC's Olympic Games broadcasts, created the primetime Monday Night Football and coined the famous "thrill of victory, agony of defeat" tagline first used on Wide World of Sports – although ABC insiders of that era attribute the authorship to legendary sports broadcaster Jim McKay. Over the next few years, the look of the network's sports telecasts became more intimate and entertaining as under Arledge, ABC introduced techniques such as slow motion replay, freeze frame, instant replay, split-screen, hand-held cameras, endzone cameras, underwater cameras and cameras on cranes.
As part of an agreement with the National Football League (which completed its merger with the American Football League that year), Monday Night Football debuted on ABC in September 1970, which served as the NFL's premier game of the week until 2006, when Sunday Night Football, which moved to NBC that year as part of a broadcast deal that in turn saw MNF move to ESPN, took over as the league's marquee game. Although it suffered a decline in ratings toward the end of its ABC run, the program was a hit for the network; according to ABC president Leonard Goldenson, Monday Night Football helped regularly score ABC an audience share of 15%–16%.
With the creation of Monday Night Football, Arledge not only anchored ABC's primetime programming, but created a national pastime. At first, nobody – including the affiliates and the advertisers – supported the idea of primetime football games at the beginning of the week. Arledge said regarding this skepticism, "But I thought there was something special about football, because there are so few games, and relatively few teams. Also, there is something about the look of a night game, with the lights bouncing off the helmets."
It was not only the lights that made watching Arledge-style football on ABC an event in itself. The games were transformed into events through the technical innovations envisioned by Arledge and through a new style of sportscaster embodied in Howard Cosell. ABC was the first network not to allow announcer approval by the league from which it was purchasing broadcast rights. Arledge said, "CBS had been the basic football network. They treated it like a religion and would almost never criticize it. But if you screwed up on Monday Night Football, Cosell would let everyone know about it." Arledge proudly pointed out that the program "changed the habits of the nation."
In 1977, Arledge's executive responsibilities at ABC were expanded, and he was made president of ABC News while remaining as head of ABC Sports.
1980s and 1990s: Disney purchase and ESPN integration
The seeds of its eventual integration with ESPN occurred when ABC acquired a controlling interest in ESPN from Getty Oil in 1984. One year later, Capital Cities Communications purchased ABC for US$3.5 billion. Although some ESPN sportscasters such as John Saunders and Dick Vitale began to also appear on ABC Sports telecasts and shared some sports content (particularly the USFL), ESPN and ABC Sports continued to operate as separate entities.
After The Walt Disney Company bought Capital Cities/ABC in 1996, Disney started to slowly integrate ESPN and ABC Sports. ESPN personalities like Chris Berman, Mike Tirico and Brad Nessler also began working on ABC Sports broadcasts. In 1998, ESPN adopted the graphics and music package used by ABC Sports for Monday Night Football for the network's Sunday Night Football broadcasts. ESPN graphics were also utilized on ABC's motorsports telecasts, including IndyCar and NASCAR events, during this period.
That same year, ESPN signed a five-year contract to televise National Hockey League (NHL) games, whereby the cable network essentially purchased time on ABC to air selected NHL games on the broadcast network. This was noted in copyright tags at the conclusion of the telecasts (i.e., "The preceding program has been paid for by ESPN, Inc."). ESPN later signed a similar television rights contract with the National Basketball Association in 2002, allowing it to produce and broadcast NBA games on ABC under a similar time buy on the broadcast network.
2000–2005: Continued integration
Between 2000 and 2002, many ABC Sports programs utilized graphics almost identical to those used on ESPN. One notable exception was Monday Night Football, which switched to a different graphics package as part of then-new producer Don Ohlmeyer's attempt to provide some renewed vigor into those telecasts. Subsequently, ABC changed graphics packages each fall from 2002 to 2005, while ESPN's basically remained consistent.
Meanwhile, Disney continued to consolidate the corporate structure of ESPN and ABC Sports. Steve Bornstein was given the title as president of both ESPN and ABC Sports in 1996. The sales, marketing, and production departments of both divisions were eventually merged. As a result, ESPN uses some union production crews for its coverage (as the networks normally do), whereas non-union personnel are quite common in cable sports broadcasting.
2006–present: The end of ABC Sports and introduction of ESPN on ABC
In August 2006, it was announced that ABC Sports would be totally integrated into ESPN, incorporating the graphics and music used by the cable channel and its related television properties, and production staff. The brand integration does not directly affect whether the ESPN cable channel or ABC carries a particular event, as in most cases this is governed by contracts with the applicable league or organization. Perhaps confusingly, this means that some events are broadcast with ESPN branding during ABC coverage, even though another channel owns the cable rights. For example, TNT held the cable television rights to the British Open from 2003 to 2009 (with ABC carrying the tournament's weekend coverage); in addition, from 2009 to 2018, ABC has shared the rights to IndyCar Series with NBCSN. IndyCar fans who have criticized ESPN on ABC's race broadcasts have used "Always Bad Coverage" as a derisive backronym pertaining to the quality of the telecasts. On the other hand, ESPN airs Major League Baseball games; however, ABC does not as Fox holds the broadcast television rights to the league's game telecasts. ABC would later air MLB postseason games in 2020 as part of the 2020 Wild Card Series.
The last live sporting event televised under the ABC Sports banner was the United States Championship Game in the Little League World Series on Saturday, August 26, 2006 (ABC was slated to carry the Little League World Series Championship Game on Sunday, August 27, however rain forced the postponement of the game to the following Monday, August 28, with that game subsequently airing on ESPN2). The changeover took effect the following weekend to coincide with the start of the college football season, with NBA, IndyCar Series and NASCAR coverage eventually following suit.
However, ABC used a separate graphics package (incorporating the network's own logo) during its coverage of the final round of the Scripps National Spelling Bee, which were similar to the older-styled ESPN graphics but with a yellow base. In 2008, though, it utilized the newer yellow and red ESPN graphics which had been used on other recent telecasts, but with the ABC logo. These graphics were used through 2010. In 2011, the Bee was moved off of network TV and the telecast began to be produced by Scripps Television, which uses its own graphics.
Limited re-emphasis on ABC brand since 2015
As ESPN has signed new contracts with various conferences to produce college football coverage, the network has begun branding its coverage of select conferences to which it has rights. This branding was first seen on SEC broadcasts in 2011, which became the "SEC on ESPN". ACC broadcasts followed suit in 2012 becoming the "ACC on ESPN". Despite the fact that ACC games also air on ABC, the games remain branded as the "ACC on ESPN" regardless of network. In 2016, a new contract brought conference branding to Big Ten telecasts as well, which air on both ESPN and ABC. While Big Ten games that air on ESPN cable channels are branded as the "Big Ten on ESPN", games airing on ABC are now branded as the "Big Ten on ABC". The next year, in 2017, the Pac-12 Conference began branding their games under the title, "Pac-12 on ESPN". While the program is still officially part of ESPN College Football which is reflected when talent appears on screen, the Big Ten on ABC logo and branding is used for intro, program IDs, and replay wipes. This is the first time any regularly scheduled sporting event outside of the National Spelling Bee has carried any ABC branding since 2006.
Also starting with Saturday Primetime in 2017, live NBA game action no longer shows the ESPN identification on screen. Previously under ESPN on ABC (since 2006–07), the ESPN logo was part of the score banner, while the ABC logo was separately floating on the right side of the screen, remaining on screen during replays. The version of the new 2016–17 graphics package used on ABC replaces the ESPN logo in the score banner with several stars, while the ABC logo (still constantly on screen) anchors the right side of the banner; however for the 2017–18 season, the ESPN logo was reintroduced onto a revised version of the score banner with the ABC logo still located to the right. In addition, commercial transitions for ABC games now contain the ABC logo. It is the first time NBA games on ABC don't have ESPN identification during live action since the 2006 NBA Finals.
An exception was during the MLS Cup 2019 on ABC, where no ESPN logo other than the mic flags appeared on the screen and the broadcast was introduced as “the 2019 MLS Cup Final on ABC” with the ABC logo appearing on the screen.
Beginning in 2017, older ABC Sports branding elements have been re-used nostalgically by the network's sports-themed reality competition shows (which also import on-air talent from ESPN).
The revival of Battle of the Network Stars paid homage to the 1970s original (then hosted by Monday Night Football's Howard Cosell). "If you’re expecting to see the yellow jackets and the [old school ABC Sports] mic flags, you’ll be delighted," Executive Andrew Grossman told reporters." Episodes also began with a remake of the network's iconic Wide World of Sports introduction.
The 2019 "extreme miniature golf" competition Holey Moley also used 1970s replica ABC Sports jackets on its lead hosts, ESPN's Joe Tessitore and former Fox NFL Sunday prognosticator Rob Riggle, and guest commentators. Tessitore commented that its use was an homage to Cosell and the network's history of varied sports offerings. “That gold jacket was doing many extreme events; barrel jumping, Acapulco cliff diving. You can look at the history of legitimate sports coverage on ABC, ...that gold jacket was attached to a lot of sports that had one-year, two-year runs on Saturday afternoon on ABC ...I think it’s something that Roone Arledge, who was always very forward-thinking, would recognize. ...in the Elvis Presley-Evel Knievel era of TV programming, there would have been a place for Holey Moley.” 
To celebrate the 50th anniversary of Monday Night Football, Steve Levy, Brian Griese, Louis Riddick, Lisa Salters, and John Parry all wore special ABC Sports replica jackets during the September 21st game between the New Orleans Saints and the Las Vegas Raiders. The game aired on ESPN, with ABC simulcasting the game, the network’s first NFL regular season game in almost 15 years. This game was also the first NFL game to be played in the city of Las Vegas, and the first NFL game to be played in the state of Nevada.
ESPN, ABC Sports, and Hearst
Despite the rebranding, ABC Sports continues to exist, at least nominally, as a division of the ABC network. One indication of this was the retention of George Bodenheimer's official title as "President, ESPN Inc. and ABC Sports" even after the rebranding – the second part of the title would presumably be unnecessary if ESPN had fully absorbed ABC's sports operations – though following Bodenheimer's retirement and the subsequent appointment of John Skipper at the end of 2011, the title was shortened to "President, ESPN Inc." In addition, ABC itself maintains the copyright over many of the ESPN-branded broadcasts, if they are not contractually assigned to the applicable league or organizer, suggesting that ESPN has merely "loaned" usage of its brand name, staff and infrastructure to ABC, rather than having acquired ABC Sports outright. ABC News Radio also continues to brand its short-form sports updates as ABC Sports Radio; this service is separate from the ESPN Radio network.
This is likely a minor technicality stemming from ESPN being technically a joint venture between Disney (which owns an 80% controlling interest) and the Hearst Corporation (which owns the remaining 20%). Disney has long exercised operational control of the network, while Hearst is believed to be more of a silent partner rather than an active participant in ESPN's management. However, this relationship does mean that Hearst's ABC-affiliated stations – such as WCVB-TV in Boston; WMUR-TV in Manchester, New Hampshire; WTAE-TV in Pittsburgh; WISN-TV in Milwaukee; WPBF-TV in West Palm Beach; and KMBC-TV in Kansas City – have right of first refusal to local simulcasts of ESPN-televised Monday Night Football games involving home-market teams, which are very rarely waived to other stations within their markets. Equally, other Hearst-owned stations such as NBC affiliates WLWT-TV in Cincinnati, WBAL-TV in Baltimore, and WDSU-TV in New Orleans have been able to air NFL games from ESPN for the same reason (independent station WMOR-TV in the Tampa market is also eligible to air these games, but rarely if ever does so).
Under NFL broadcasting rules, the league's cable-televised games must be simulcast on broadcast television in the local markets of the teams playing in the broadcast, though the game is not permitted to air in the home team's market if tickets do not sell out 72 hours before kickoff – games that are not sold out must be blacked out in the market of origin (due to the league's March 2015 decision to suspend its blackout policies, all NFL games televised by ESPN during the 2015 season are allowed to air on broadcast television in the originating market of the game and the home markets of both participating teams). Similar rules and rights were previously in place for ESPN-televised Major League Baseball playoff games, except in that non-sellout games were not blacked out (Major League Baseball does not black out games based on attendance, but rather to protect local broadcasters). ABC owned-and-operated stations also have right of first refusal for NFL (and previously Major League Baseball postseason) simulcasts from ESPN, though in recent years the stations have passed on airing the game telecasts in favor of carrying ABC's Monday night schedule, which includes the popular reality competition series Dancing with the Stars.
ESPN and The Walt Disney Company have been criticized for decreasing the amount of sports programming televised on ABC. Several ABC affiliates have also voiced opposition regarding the increasing migration of live sporting event telecasts from ABC to ESPN.
An example was in regards to NASCAR race broadcasts: from 2007 to 2009, ABC aired all of the Chase for the NASCAR Sprint Cup races, along with one other race. From 2010 to 2014, only three Sprint Cup races and one Chase race (Charlotte) were shown on ABC, to the outrage of many NASCAR fans and sponsors. Several other events such as college football's Rose Bowl and Capital One Bowl games, and the British Open golf tournament have also been transferred from ABC to ESPN (although the Capital One Bowl would return to ABC in 2013). This, however, is not entirely the fault of ESPN, as ABC in general has attracted a primarily female viewership in recent years, with sports largely attracting a male-dominated –though not exclusive – audience.
The decrease in sports events televised by ABC has resulted in the network having a very inconsistent weekend afternoon sports schedule similar – if not somewhat equal – to Fox in previous years (and to some extent, to this day,[when?] even with the expansion of sports coverage on Fox since 2011); ESPN-produced sports specials (aired as part of the 30 for 30 and E:60 anthology series) and/or more recently, figure skating and gymnastics specials supplied by Disson Skating (a subsidiary of independent production company Disson Sports & Entertainment) as well as syndicated programs or infomercials scheduled by the network's owned-and-operated stations and affiliates fill the weekend afternoon schedule on days when the network is not scheduled to air a sporting event; until 2014, ABC-supplied rerun blocks of certain prime-time network shows and occasional theatrical film telecasts have also filled the schedule on weekend afternoons without a scheduled sports event. As a consequence of this, ABC turned over an hour of its then-existing two-hour Sunday afternoon block (from 4 to 5 p.m. Eastern Time) to its affiliates on June 21, 2015, reducing its Sunday schedule on weeks without major sporting events to one hour; the 5 p.m. (Eastern) hour that was retained is usually reserved for rebroadcasts of ESPN sports documentaries. However, as of January 2016, ABC rescinded the remaining hour of its Sunday afternoon schedule (5–6pm Eastern Time) back to its affiliates thus leaving ABC without a Sunday afternoon block (save for major sporting events). This exclusively relegated ABC's sports schedule to Saturday afternoons (and by extension, ABC's non-news weekend schedule to 3 to 6 pm and 8 to 11 pm on Saturdays and 7:00 to 11:00 pm on Sundays). ABC's in-house network-programmed Sunday schedule not counting news-related programming as a result of this is now exclusively relegated to its four-hour prime time block (from 7 to 11 pm).
In the past few years,[when?] ABC has lost several lucrative sports contracts. It lost the rights for the American Le Mans Series in 2013 when it merged with the Rolex Grand Am Series to form the WeatherTech SportsCar Championship and subsequently moved to Fox in 2014, later moving to NBC Sports in 2019. It also ended its FIFA coverage after the 2014 FIFA World Cup with Fox acquiring the rights starting in 2015. It then lost its NASCAR broadcast rights the same year with rights being picked up by NBC in 2015. Also, it phased out the last of its college basketball coverage also in the same year (the SEC Men's Basketball Tournament) with the tournament being moved to the ESPN cable networks, although college basketball would later return to the network in 2019. It also gave up its highlights show relating to the British Open golf tournament in 2015, as ESPN later sold the rights to NBC in 2016. In 2016, ABC ended its regularly scheduled doubleheaders for its NBA Sunday Showcase, opting to opening up a window for Saturday night games and leaving single games on Sunday afternoons in most cases. In addition, ABC discontinued airing Grantland-related programming when the brand shut down operations in October. The network also lost rights to broadcast the IndyCar Series, including the Indianapolis 500, in 2018 with the rights moving to NBC Sports, which has already been the series' cable partner (moving the race away from ABC after 54 years); coincidentally in that same year, ABC will air several Formula One races a year after ESPN acquired the F1 rights from NBC Sports.
ESPN began simulcasting an NFL Wild Card Playoff game on ABC starting in 2016, marking the first time ABC had an NFL game since Super Bowl XL; this was later followed by the Pro Bowl starting in 2018. Additionally, ABC simulcast ESPN's coverage of rounds 4-7 of the 2018 NFL Draft. Then, starting in 2019, ABC aired all three days of the draft. ABC will be added back into the Super Bowl rotation when the new NFL broadcast deal takes effect in 2023.
Picture format differences from ESPN cable outlets
Unlike other ESPN networks, ESPN on ABC events were still produced with graphics and a BottomLine framed for the 4:3 aspect ratio – as opposed to the 16:9 formatting used for the ticker and graphics on the ESPN family of networks, as well as CBS, Fox, and NBC's sports telecasts. However, beginning during the 2016 Little League World Series in August 2016, ABC migrated to a 16:9 presentation for ESPN on ABC broadcasts, similar to the ESPN cable networks, as ABC's entertainment programming also switched to a 16:9 presentation in September.
Until 2001, ABC Sports programs ended with the line "This has been a presentation of ABC Sports. Recognized around the world as the leader in sports television." Beginning in 2001, ABC changed the tagline to "ABC Sports: Championship Television," in regards to ABC's sports lineup (which included the BCS Championship Game, the Stanley Cup Finals, rights to Super Bowl coverage, and would later include the NBA Finals). Ever since the ESPN on ABC integration, the ESPN tagline – "This has been a presentation of ESPN, The Worldwide Leader in Sports" – has been used at the end of each broadcast on ABC. At the start of every broadcast, the tagline "The following is a presentation/special presentation of ESPN on ABC" is used, while ending with the tagline, "This has been a presentation/special presentation of ESPN on ABC"
For ABC's primetime college football games in 2018, every broadcast had the tagline, "This is ESPN on ABC, brought to you in part by Samsung QLED TV, the official TV of ESPN College Football", while every afternoon college football game had the regular tagline. This tagline became permanent for every college football game aired on ABC in 2019, except the Pac-12 Championship Game, as well as the Celebration Bowl, Boca Raton Bowl, and the Las Vegas Bowl.
On days where ABC airs events on holidays, e.g. Christmas and New Year's Day, each broadcast had the tagline “The following is a special holiday presentation of ESPN on ABC.” This is primarily used before the pregame show during ABC's NBA Christmas Day tripleheader (2 ABC exclusive games, the last one is also simulcast on ESPN), and for ABC's coverage of the VRBO Citrus Bowl on New Year's Day.
Programs throughout the years
- NFL on ABC (1948–1950, 1953–1955, 1970–2005, 2016–present)
- Monday Night Football (1970–2005; 2020–present): simulcast of ESPN's Monday Night Football coverage. Select ABC exclusive games starting in 2022.
- NFL Super Wild Card Playoff game (1990–2005, 2016–present): simulcast of ESPN's NFL Super Wild Card Playoff game coverage since 2016
- NFL Divisional Playoff game (starting 2024)
- Pro Bowl (1975–1987, 1995–2003, 2018–present): simulcast of ESPN's Pro Bowl coverage from 2018-2023. ABC will air the Pro Bowl alone from 2024 on.
- NFL Draft (simulcast of ESPN's day 3 coverage, 2018–present; self-produced day 1 and 2 coverage, 2019–present)
- NFL Scouting Combine (2019–present)
- Super Bowl: XIX, XXII, XXV, XXIX, XXXIV, XXXVII, XL, LXI, and LXV
- NBA on ABC (1964���1973, 2002–present)
- Major League Baseball on ABC (1953–1954, 1960–1965, 1976–1989, 1994–1995, 2020)
- NHL on ABC (1992–1994, 1999–2004, 2021–present)
- Soccer on ESPN
- ESPN College Football on ABC (1950, 1966–present)
- American, ACC, Big 12, Big Ten, Pac-12, and SEC (starting in 2024)
- Saturday Night Football (2006–present)
- VRBO Citrus Bowl (1987–2010, 2013–present)
- Las Vegas Bowl (2001, 2013–2019, 2021–present)
- Cricket Wireless Celebration Bowl (2015–2019, 2021–present)
- Big 12 Championship Game (1996–2010, 2018–present)
- ACC Championship Game (2005–2007, 2013–present)
- Pac-12 Football Championship Game (2019)
- AAC Championship Game (2015–present)
- SEC Championship Game (1993–2000, 2024–present)
- NCAA Division I Football Championship (1978–1981, 1983, 2020–present)
- ESPN College Basketball on ABC (1962, 1973, 1978, 1987–2014, 2019–present)
- Little League World Series (1963–present)
- USA & International Championships
- Saturday & Sunday mid bracket coverage
- X Games (1997–present)
- World of X Games (2014–present)
- WNBA on ESPN (2003–present)
- Tennis on ESPN
- Formula One (2018–2019; 2021–present)
- UFC on ABC (ESPN+ simulcasts, 2021–present)
- NCAA Division I Women's Basketball Tournament (First Round and Sweet 16 only, 2021–present)
- NCAA Women's Gymnastics Championships (2021–present)
- NCAA Division I Softball Tournament (2021–present)
- New York City Marathon (2013–present): condensed rebroadcast of ESPN2's coverage; coverage simulcast live on WABC-TV in New York
- Tournament of Roses Parade (1989–present): produced by ABC Sports from 1989 to 2006 and by ESPN since 2007
- ESPY Awards (2015–2019) (rebroadcast in 2020 since live coverage was on ESPN)
- AKC National Championship (2021 present)
- SportsCenter (2020–present; occasional broadcasts)
- Major League Baseball on ABC
- College Football on ABC
- Sugar Bowl (1953–1957, 1970–2006)
- Rose Bowl Game (1989–2010)
- Fiesta Bowl (1999–2006)
- Orange Bowl (1962–1964, 1999–2006)
- Gator Bowl (1965–1968, 1972–1985)
- Aloha Bowl (1986–2000)
- Independence Bowl (1990, 1991, 2014)
- Army–Navy Game (1954, 1960–1961, 1966–1981, 1983, 1991–1995)
- Peach Bowl (1989–1990)
- Liberty Bowl (1966–1971, 1976–1980, 1995, 2011, 2017)
- Pinstripe Bowl (2015)
- Belk Bowl (2018)
- Outback Bowl (2011–2012, 2017, 2021)
- Boca Raton Bowl (2019)
- Camping World Bowl (2019)
- First Responder Bowl (2020)
- Gasparilla Bowl (2020)
- PGA Tour on ABC (1962–2009)
- Olympics on ABC
- Wide World of Sports (1961–1998 as a series, weekend afternoon programming title 1998–2006)
- NFL on ABC
- Thoroughbred Racing on ABC
- American Football League (1960–1964)
- United States Football League (1983–1985)
- World League of American Football (1991–1992)
- Arena Football League on ESPN (1998–2002, 2007–2008)
- Continental Football League (1966–1969)
- North American Soccer League (1979–1981)
- FIFA World Cup (1970, 1982, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014)
- FIFA Women's World Cup (1999, 2003 and 2011)
- Indianapolis 500 (1965–2018)
- NASCAR on ABC (1961, 1971, 1975–1976, 1979–1982, 1984–2000, 2007–2014)
- Championship Auto Racing Teams (1983–2001, 2007)
- IndyCar Series on ABC (1996–2018)
- International Race of Champions (1974–1980, 1987–2003)
- American Le Mans Series (2008–2009, 2011–2013)
- Fight of the Week (1960–1964)
- Professional Bowlers Tour (1962–1997)
- The Superstars (1973–1984, 1991–1994, 1998–2002)
- The American Sportsman (1965–1986)
- Scripps National Spelling Bee (2006–2010)
- ESPN Sports Saturday (2010–2015)
- XFL (2020)
- Overwatch League (2019): Stage Semifinals & Finals
- Tennis on ESPN
- BNP Paribas Open (2011–2012, 2019)
- NBA on ABC – Mike Breen, Mark Jones, Dave Pasch, Ryan Ruocco
- Monday Night Football – Steve Levy
- WNBA on ESPN – Ryan Ruocco
- ESPN College Football on ABC and Saturday Night Football – Chris Fowler, Rece Davis, Sean McDonough, Joe Tessitore, Bob Wischusen, Dave Pasch, Mark Jones
- Major League Baseball on ABC - Karl Ravech, Jon Sciambi
- Little League World Series – Karl Ravech
- Formula One — see Sky Sports F1
- ESPN Major League Soccer - Jon Champion, Adrian Healey
- Bundesliga on ABC - Derek Rae
- International Soccer on ABC - Ian Darke, Jon Champion, Derek Rae, Adrian Healey
- Serie A on ABC - Mark Donaldson, Steve Cangialosi, Ross Dyer
- ESPN College Basketball on ABC - see List of ESPN College Basketball personalities
- NCAA Gymnastics Championship on ABC - Bart Conner
- NBA on ABC – Jeff Van Gundy, Mark Jackson, Hubie Brown, Doris Burke
- Monday Night Football – Brian Griese, Louis Riddick, John Parry
- WNBA on ESPN – Rebecca Lobo
- Major League Baseball on ABC - Eduardo Pérez, Tim Kurkjian
- ESPN College Football on ABC and Saturday Night Football - Kirk Herbstreit, Todd Blackledge, Dan Orlovsky, Dusty Dvoracek, Greg McElroy, Mike Golic
- Formula One — see Sky Sports F1
- ESPN Major League Soccer - Taylor Twellman, Alejandro Moreno, Brian Dunseth, Herculez Gomez, Kasey Keller
- Bundesliga on ABC - Taylor Twellman
- International Soccer on ABC - Taylor Twellman, Stewart Robson, Tommy Smyth, Steve McManaman, Alejandro Moreno
- Serie A on ABC - Matteo Bonatti, Janusz Michallik
- ESPN College Basketball on ABC - see List of ESPN College Basketball personalities
- NCAA Gymnastics Championship on ABC - Kathy Johnson Clarke
- NBA on ABC – Doris Burke, Lisa Salters, Israel Gutierrez, Jorge Sedano, Cassidy Hubbarth, Adam Schefter, Malika Andrews, Rachel Nichols
- Monday Night Football – Lisa Salters, Laura Rutledge
- WNBA on ESPN – Holly Rowe
- ESPN College Football on ABC and Saturday Night Football – Maria Taylor, Holly Rowe, Todd McShay, Tom Luginbill, Molly McGrath, Rocky Boiman, Marty Smith, Allison Williams, Quint Kessenich
- NFL Draft – Maria Taylor
- Major League Baseball on ABC - Jesse Rogers
- Formula One — see Sky Sports F1
- ESPN Major League Soccer - Sebastian Salazar
- Bundesliga on ABC - Archie Rhind-Tutt
- ESPN College Basketball on ABC - see List of ESPN College Basketball personalities
- ESPN College Football on ABC and Saturday Night Football – Kevin Negandhi
- The Jump – Rachel Nichols
- NBA Countdown – Maria Taylor, Rachel Nichols
- NFL Draft – Rece Davis, Maria Taylor
- Monday Night Football – Suzy Kolber, Sam Ponder
- ESPN Major League Soccer - Adrian Healey
- Bundesliga on ABC - Kay Murray
- International Soccer on ABC - Rece Davis
- ESPN College Football on ABC and Saturday Night Football – Mark Sanchez, Booger McFarland
- NBA Countdown and The Jump – Richard Jefferson, Jalen Rose, Jay Williams, Adrian Wojnarowski, Kendrick Perkins, Scottie Pippen, Stephen A. Smith
- Monday Night Football – Steve Young, Randy Moss, Adam Schefter, Booger McFarland, Tedy Bruschi, Rex Ryan, Matt Hasselbeck
- NFL Draft – Kirk Herbstreit, Desmond Howard, David Pollack, Jesse Palmer, Todd McShay, Mel Kiper Jr., Louis Riddick
- Bundesliga on ABC - Jurgen Klinsmann, Jan Aage Fjortoft
- International Soccer on ABC - Craig Burley, Michael Ballack
- ESPN College Football on ABC – Chris Schenkel, Gary Bender, Keith Jackson, Jim Lampley, Curt Gowdy, Brad Nessler, Brent Musburger, Bill Flemming, Tim Brant, Bud Campbell, Eric Collins, Dave Diles, Dan Dierdorf, Terry Gannon, Gary Gerould, Frank Gifford, Sean Grande, Charlie Jones, Chris Lincoln, Verne Lundquist, Dave Martin, Al Michaels, Gary Thorne, Roger Twibell, Corey McPherrin, Mike Tirico, Dr. Jerry Punch, Steve Zabriskie, Chip Tarkenton, Paul Page, Lynn Sanner, Adam Amin
- College Basketball on ABC – Keith Jackson, Brad Nessler, Al Trautwig, Al Michaels, Gary Bender, Roger Twibell, Brent Musburger, Fred White, Barry Tompkins, Dave Barnett, Jim Brinson, Tim Brant, Steve Physioc, Robin Roberts, Mike Goldberg, Bill Doleman, Jim Szoke, Ron Franklin, Dave Strader, Bob Carpenter, Terry Gannon, Gary Thorne
- Monday Night Football (ABC Era) – Keith Jackson, Al Michaels, Frank Gifford, Mike Patrick, Brent Musburger
- Monday Night Football (ESPN simulcasts; Wild Card/Pro Bowl) - Mike Tirico, Sean McDonough, Joe Tessitore
- Major League Baseball on ABC – Gary Bender, Jack Buck, Keith Jackson, Don Drysdale, Jim Lampley, Al Michaels, Bob Prince, Warner Wolf, Tim McCarver, Gary Thorne
- Olympics on ABC – Howard Cosell, Curt Gowdy, Chris Schenkel, Frank Gifford, Keith Jackson, Al Michaels, Bill Flemming, Tim Brant, Jack Whitaker, Sam Posey, Don Chevrier, Tim McCarver, Lynn Swann, Gary Bender, Donna de Varona, Arthur Ashe, Jim McKay, Dick Button, Stan Benham, Art Devlin, Jackie Stewart, Warner Wolf, Al Trautwig, Mike Adamle, Jiggs McDonald, Jim Lampley, Bob Beattie, Diana Nyad, Mario Machado, Mike Eruzione
- Pro Bowlers Tour – Chris Schenkel
- ESPN Major League Soccer – Phil Schoen, JP Dellacamera, Rob Stone, Jack Edwards, Dave O'Brien, Adrian Healey
- NBA on ABC – Jim Durham, Al Michaels, Brent Musburger, Brad Nessler, John Saunders, Bill Flemming, Chet Forte, Jim Gordon, Curt Gowdy, Jerry Gross, Keith Jackson, Jim McKay, Chris Schenkel
- NHL on ABC – Gary Thorne, Mike Emrick, Al Michaels, Dave Strader, Steve Levy
- Wide World of Sports – see Wide World of Sports (American TV series)#Event announcers
- NASCAR on ABC / IndyCar Series on ABC – Bob Jenkins, Jerry Punch, Marty Reid, Allen Bestwick
- XFL on ABC - Steve Levy, Tom Hart
- ESPN College Football on ABC – Gary Danielson, Bob Griese, Chris Spielman, Ray Bentley, Dean Blevins, Terry Bowden, Tim Brant, Terry Brennan, Frank Broyles, Fran Curci, Duffy Daugherty, Steve Davis, Dan Dierdorf, John Dockery, Forest Evashevski, Rick Forzano, Dan Fouts, Russ Francis, Mike Golic, Lee Grosscup, Terry Hanratty, Brian Holloway, Jackie Jensen, Mike McGee, Ben Martin, Mike Mayock, David M. Nelson, David Norrie, Ara Parseghian, Dan Reeves, Reggie Rivers, Pepper Rodgers, Darrell Royal, Bo Schembechler, John Spagnola, Monty Stickles, Lynn Swann, Dick Vermeil, Paul Warfield, Bud Wilkinson, Jamal Anderson
- ESPN College Basketball on ABC – Jim Valvano
- Monday Night Football
- Major League Baseball on ABC – Reggie Jackson, Tim McCarver, Jim Palmer, Howard Cosell, Chipper Jones
- PGA Tour on ABC – Nick Faldo, Paul Azinger, Ian Baker-Finch, Peter Alliss, Curtis Strange, Jack Nicklaus
- Olympics on ABC – Donna de Varona, O. J. Simpson, Mark Spitz, Digger Phelps
- Pro Bowlers Tour – Billy Welu, Nelson Burton, Jr.
- ESPN Major League Soccer – Alexi Lalas, Kyle Martino, John Harkes, Eric Wynalda, Ty Keough, Julie Foudy
- NASCAR on ABC – Dale Jarrett, Andy Petree, Larry Nuber, Benny Parsons, Ned Jarrett
- NHL on ABC – Bill Clement, John Davidson
- Triple Crown – Charlsie Cantey
- NBA on ABC – Sean Elliott, Steve Jones, Dan Majerle, Jack Ramsay, Doc Rivers, Tom Tolbert
- Rugby World Cup – Grant Fox
- Indianapolis 500 – Jackie Stewart, Sam Posey
- IndyCar Series on ABC – Eddie Cheever, Scott Goodyear
- XFL on ABC - Greg McElroy, Joey Galloway
- Monday Night Football – Lynn Swann, Lesley Visser, Melissa Stark, Michele Tafoya, Sam Ryan, Eric Dickerson, Lisa Guerrero
- Major League Baseball on ABC – Jim Gray
- College Football on ABC – Lynn Swann, Jenn Brown
- College Basketball on ABC – Thea Andrews
- PGA Tour on ABC – Bob Rosburg, Billy Ray Brown, Judy Rankin
- NASCAR on ABC/IndyCar Series on ABC – Chris Economaki, Bill Weber, Jerry Punch, Vince Welch, Dave Burns, Rick DeBruhl, Jamie Little
- NBA on ABC – David Aldridge, Heather Cox, Mark Jones, Sal Masekela, Michele Tafoya, Stuart Scott, Tom Rinaldi
- Saturday Night Football – Lisa Salters, Erin Andrews, Heather Cox, Samantha Ponder, Tom Rinaldi
- ESPN Major League Soccer – Brandi Chastain, Heather Mitts, Lorrie Fair, Allen Hopkins, Roger Twibell
- XFL on ABC - Tom Luginbill, Pat McAfee,
- Monday Night Football – Chris Berman, Brent Musburger, Frank Gifford
- Olympics on ABC – Jim McKay, Chris Schenkel, Jim Lampley, Keith Jackson, Frank Gifford, Kathie Lee Gifford, Kathleen Sullivan, Donna de Varona
- Wide World of Sports (American TV series) – Jim McKay, Frank Gifford, Julie Moran, Robin Roberts, John Saunders, Becky Dixon
- NHL on ABC – Al Michaels, John Saunders, Chris Berman
- IndyCar Series on ABC – Jim McKay, Chris Schenkel, Al Michaels, Bob Jenkins, Paul Page, Brent Musburger, Lindsay Czarniak, Nicole Briscoe, Charlie Brockman, Dave Diles, Terry Gannon, Jackie Stewart, Keith Jackson
- NASCAR on ESPN – Brent Musburger, Nicole Briscoe
- NBA on ABC – Dan Patrick, John Saunders, Stuart Scott, Sage Steele, Hannah Storm, Michelle Beadle
- NFL Draft – Robin Roberts
- ESPN College Football on ABC – Bud Palmer, Merle Harmon, Dave Diles, Warner Wolf, Andrea Kirby, Chris Schenkel, Jim Lampley, Jack Whitaker, Al Trautwig, Jim Hill, Roger Twibell, John Saunders
- NBA on ABC – Avery Johnson, Doug Collins, Magic Johnson, Steve Jones, George Karl, Paul Pierce, Scottie Pippen, Byron Scott, Bill Simmons, Tom Tolbert, Bill Walton, Michael Wilbon
- NFL Draft – Lee Corso, Daniel Jeremiah, Michael Irvin, Kurt Warner, Booger McFarland
- Roone Arledge (1968–1986)
- Dennis Swanson (1986–1996)
- Steve Bornstein (1996–1999)
- Howard Katz (1999–2003)
- George Bodenheimer (2003–2006)
- Steve Bornstein (1996–1999)
- George Bodenheimer (1999–2012)
- John Skipper (2012–2017)
- James Pitaro (2018–present)
- CBS Sports
- Fox Sports
- NBC Sports
- Turner Sports
- TUDN (Univision)
- "ESPN, Inc. Fact Sheet". ESPNPressroom.com. ESPN Inc. Retrieved May 6, 2021.
ESPN launched on September 7, 1979, and is 80 percent owned by ABC, Inc., an indirect subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company. Hearst holds a 20 percent interest.
- Nagle, Dave (January 2, 2007). "ESPN, Inc.: 2006 in Review". ESPNPressroom.com. ESPN Inc. Retrieved April 30, 2007.
ESPN announces “ESPN on ABC” will become the brand for all sports carried on the ABC Television Network beginning Saturday, Sept. 2.
- Deitsch, Richard (August 10, 2006). "Worldwide leader expands". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on August 23, 2006. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- "'ESPN on ABC' to debut during college football season". ESPN.com. ESPN Inc. Associated Press. August 10, 2006. Retrieved April 30, 2021.
- Ford 2004, p. 468.
- Goldenson & Wolf 1991, p. 182.
- Mike Meserole (December 6, 2002). "Arledge Created Monday Night Football". ESPN Classic. ESPN Inc. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Ford 2004, p. 466.
- "Roone Arledge at the Encyclopedia of Television". Museum of Broadcast Communications. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
- "Roone Arledge". Columbia College. June 18, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
- Goldenson & Wolf 1991, p. 210.
- Goldenson & Wolf 1991, p. 211.
- Richard Sandomir (June 10, 2015). "Without Showing Games, ESPN Leaves a Mark on the N.B.A. Finals". The New York Times. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- Robin Miller (July 12, 2012). "Miller's Mailbag, 7.12". Speed. Fox Sports Media Group.
- Michael Cieply; Brian Stelter (November 22, 2011). "Disney Promotes a New Leader at ESPN". The New York Times. Retrieved October 7, 2012.
- ABC Sports Radio - ABC Radio (accessed August 10, 2018)
-  Archived March 15, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- "WGN-TV To Carry Monday Night's Bears/Cowboys Game, Plus Local Pre-Game Show". Chicagoland Radio and Media. October 7, 2012.
- Jon Consoli (February 9, 2010). "ABC affiliates upset about losing sports to ESPN". Reuters. Retrieved September 17, 2011.
- "ABC adds 14 new shows for next season". WJLA-TV. Allbritton Communications Company. Associated Press. May 14, 2013.
- "NBA on ABC Broadcast Schedule". National Basketball Association. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
- "NFL Wild Card Playoff Game Will Return to ESPN – and Be Simulcast for the First Time on ABC". ESPN. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
- "NFL Strikes New Rights Pacts: Fox Cedes Thursdays to Amazon, ABC Gains Super Bowl Slot". Variety. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
- "Picture perfect: ABC now full 16:9; TVs might need to be updated". WBRZ.com. Louisiana Television Broadcasting, LLC. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
- Brulia, Tim (March 22, 2015). "A CHRONOLOGY OF PRO FOOTBALL ON TELEVISION: Part 1" (PDF). ProFootballResearchers.org. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
- "CHRONOLOGY OF PROFESSIONAL FOOTBALL". 2020 Official National Football League Record & Fact Book. NFL Enterprises, LLC. August 17, 2020. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
The NFL announced a three-year agreement with ABC to televise Monday Night Football. The new series makes the NFL the first league with a regular series of national telecasts in prime time, May 26.
- "MNF History: 1970". ESPN.com. August 29, 2002. Retrieved September 19, 2020.
- Volner, Derek (November 30, 2020). "ESPN Activates MegaCast Production for NFL Wild Card Presentation; Most-Extensive Multi-Channel NFL Playoff Game Offering to Date". ESPNPressRoom.com (Press release). ESPN Internet Ventures, LLC. Retrieved December 7, 2020.
- Volner, Derek (March 18, 2021). "The Walt Disney Company, ESPN and National Football League Reach Landmark Long-Term Agreement". ESPNPressRoom.com (Press release). Retrieved May 2, 2021.
- Feinsand, Mark (September 27, 2020). "Wild Card times set for Tuesday, Wednesday". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
- "ESPN and ABC to Televise 31 Regular Season Matches during Major League Soccer's 25th Season". ESPNPressRoom.com. December 19, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "2019 MLS Cup to Air live on ABC and Univision". MLSSoccer.com (Press release). MLS Digital. August 28, 2019. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
- "ESPN and ABC Present UEFA European Football Championship 2020". ESPNPressRoom.com (Press release). December 3, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- "Marty Reid Fired: ESPN Replaces NASCAR, IndyCar Announcer After Nationwide Gaffe (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. September 29, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- "Dennis Swanson Retires as ABC Sports President". Philadelphia Inquirer. April 11, 1996.
- "Bornstein to lead ABC". The Telegraph-Herald. April 12, 2001. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- "Howard Katz resigns as ABC Sports President". ABC Sports. ESPN.com. April 18, 2003. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- Goldenson, Leonard H.; Wolf, Marvin J. (1991). Beating the Odds: The Untold Story Behind the Rise of ABC. New York City: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 0684190559.
- Ford, Luke (2004). The Producers: Profiles in Frustration. iUniverse. ISBN 0595320163.