Castle Hill Dunoon - geograph.org.uk - 995906
|Status||No longer standing|
|Location||Argyll and Bute, Scotland|
|Town or city||Dunoon|
|Country||Scotland, United Kingdom|
|Coordinates||grid reference, National|
|Designations||Scheduled Monument: SM5450|
Dunoon Castle is a ruined castle located at Dunoon on the Cowal peninsula in Argyll and Bute, Scotland. The castle sat upon a cone-shaped hill of about 80 feet high, a volcanic plug. Very little remains of the castle's structure today.
The castle was a royal residence in the 14th century, and in the 17th century fell into ruins.
In 1333 Dunoon Castle was besieged and taken by Edward Balliol, who surrendered it to Edward III of England. An insurrection ensued, driving Baliol out of Scotland. Robert the Steward, later King Robert II of Scotland, arrived in Cowal and, with the help of Colin Campbell of Lochow, retook the castle.
In 1544 Dunoon Castle was besieged by Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox. Having eighteen ships and 800 soldiers provided by Henry VIII of England, Lennox succeeded in taking the Castles of Dunoon and Rothesay. Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll, was driven out, sustaining great loss.
In 1563, Mary, Queen of Scots, stayed at the castle while visiting her half-sister, Jean Stewart, Countess of Argyll, and granted several charters during her visit. Mary's rebels met up at Dunoon during the Chaseabout Raid. Her brother the Earl of Moray's faction in Argyll included the Duke of Châtelherault, and the Earls of Argyll and Rothes. They left for Ayrshire on 18 August 1565.
In 1646 occurred the Dunoon massacre in which the Campbells slaughtered men, women, children, and infants of Clan Lamont. After the restoration of the episcopacy under Charles II, Dunoon became the residence of the bishops of Argyll for a time. The castle was destroyed during the Earl of Argyll's rebellion against James VII and II in 1685.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Dunoon Castle (SM5450)". Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- "Dunoon Castle". CANMORE. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
- Atkinson, JA; Photos-Jones, E; Roberts, J; Rutherford, A; Smith, C (2000). "Excavation of 10th-Century Burials at Chapelhall, Innellan, Argyll, 1994" (PDF). Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 130: 651–676. eISSN 2056-743X. ISSN 0081-1564 – via Archaeology Data Service..
- Dawson, JEA (1995). "Argyll: The Enduring Heartland" (PDF). Scottish Historical Review. 74 (1): 75–98. doi:10.3366/shr.19184.108.40.206. eISSN 1750-0222. ISSN 0036-9241. JSTOR 25530662., page 90.
- Macdonald, Hugh (1878). Days at the coast : a series of sketches descriptive of the Firth of Clyde, its watering places, its scenery, and its associations. Glasgow: Dunn. p. 349. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- Colegate, John (1868). Colegate's Guide to Dunoon, Kirn, and Hunter's Quay (2nd ed.). Dunoon. pp. 20–21. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
- Colegate. Colegate's Guide. p. 21.
- Colegate. Colegate's Guide. p. 22.
- Joseph Bain, Calendar State Papers Scotland, vol. 2 (Edinburgh, 1900), pp. 190, 193.
- Colegate. Colegate Guides. pp. 21–22.
- Colegate. Colegate's Guide. pp. 22–23.
- "Clyde Defences, Dunoon, Castle Gardens, Dunoon Battery". Canmore. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
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