The Dulwich Estate is a registered charity in England, one of the successors to the historic charity Alleyn's College of God's Gift that was founded in 1619. It owns the freehold of around 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) in Dulwich, South London, including a number of private roads and a tollgate. The estate properties range from Regency and 19th century buildings to distinguished modernist 1960s buildings.
In 1995, a major reorganisation of the historic Alleyn's College charity resulted in the reconstitution of The Dulwich Estate as an independent registered charity. The Estate distributes its surplus to a number of beneficiaries defined by its governing document. In 2006–7, the Estate had a gross income of £8million, and net assets valued at £187.9million.
The Dulwich Estate is empowered to distribute its surplus for charitable purposes to the following beneficiaries only:
- Dulwich Almshouse Charity
- Christ's Chapel of God's Gift at Dulwich
- Alleyn's School
- Dulwich College
- James Allen's Girls' School
- Central Foundation Schools of London, which benefits Central Foundation Boys' School and Central Foundation Girls' School
- St Olave's & St Saviour's Schools Foundation, which benefits St Olave's Grammar School and St Saviour's and St Olave's Church of England School
Dulwich Picture Gallery ceased to be a beneficiary of the charity in 1995.
The foundation known as Alleyn's College of God's Gift was founded in 1619 by Edward Alleyn, a Shakespearian actor, for the purposes of educating poor scholars and providing accommodation for poor persons. These basic principles still exist today but on a much wider scale, embracing among the beneficiaries Dulwich College, James Allen's Girls' School, Alleyn's School, Central Foundation Schools, and St Saviour's & St Olave's Schools.
Until 1882, one Board of Governors was responsible for both Educational and Estate administration. It was then decided to create a separate Board of Governors to administer the Estate and to be known as the Estate Governors.
In 1995, a major reorganisation of the historic Alleyn's College charity resulted in the reconstitution of The Dulwich Estate as an independent registered charity, and the other former constituents also became independent.
As a registered charity, the Estate is bound to distribute its disposable income to its beneficiaries so that apart from the sums necessarily spent on estate management, it is not in itself wealthy. In the 2005-2006 financial year, the Estate distributed £5.49m from its income and £20m in capital to these beneficiaries.
In 2016, the Estate came under increasing criticism from local businesses and residents over their management of properties in the area. In February 2016, several hundred people, including actor James Nesbitt and journalist Jay Rayner, both local residents, marched through Herne Hill to protest against the Estate's treatment of Just Williams, a local toyshop forced to close after Dulwich Estate increased their rent "by more than 70%".
Similar campaigns have been mounted against the Estate's management of the Half Moon pub, left boarded up for three years following flooding in 2013 and poised to lose its live music space after refurbishment, and the Estate's plans to sell a local primary school's playing field to a property developer.
The Old College and Almshouses
The Old College and Almshouses (Edward Alleyn House) situated at the junction of Gallery Road and College Road, Dulwich Village SE21, were completed by 1618. The central section houses Christ's Chapel which was consecrated in 1616. The west wing originally housed the Almshouses, then became the home of the College. The buildings have been known as the Old College since the New College was opened in 1870. The west wing now houses the offices of the Estate Governors.
The Almshouses (Edward Alleyn House) are situated in the east wing of the Old College. They comprise sixteen recently modernised flats which are let at a modest charge to suitable applicants who have proper qualification, namely a link with any one of the following parishes - St. Botolph's without Bishopsgate, St. Luke's Finsbury, St. Giles Camberwell, and St. Savior's Southwark. These are all parishes with which Edward Alleyn had personal or business connections.
The Estate Governors
The Board of Trustees consists of 13 persons, namely 9 representative Governors, appointed by the various Parishes and Schools forming part of the Foundation, and 3 co-optive Governors, who must reside in the Hamlet of Dulwich, appointed by resolution of the Estate Governors.
The Estate Governors administer the Estate in accordance with a scheme made by the Board of Education on 4 June 1913, under the Charitable Trusts Acts, 1855 to 1894, as amended by various altering schemes made between 1920 and 1978.
The Estate, comprising some 1,500 acres (6.1 km2), is bounded by Crystal Palace to the South, Denmark Hill to the North, part of Lordship Lane to the East, and Tulse Hill to the West. It is primarily situated in the inner London borough of Southwark, with small parts in the Lambeth and Lewisham, but has large areas of open space. The Estate has been managed by the Estate Governors and their predecessors since 1619 to obtain the maximum benefit for the beneficiaries.
Since the advent of the Leasehold Reform Act 1967, many leaseholders have acquired their freeholds.
- Charity Commission. The Dulwich Estate, registered charity no. 312751.
- Charity Commission. Dulwich Almshouse Charity, registered charity no. 207167.
- Charity Commission. Christ's Chapel of God's Gift at Dulwich, registered charity no. 1057970.
- Charity Commission. Central Foundation Schools of London, registered charity no. 312695.
- Charity Commission. St Olave's and St Saviour's Schools Foundation, registered charity no. 312987.
- Annual Report of the Dulwich Estate for the year ended 31 March 2006
- Watts, Peter (21 January 2016). "'We Are Being Punished For Making Our Area Better': Community Crisis Is A Microcosm For The City". Londonist. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Bullen, Jamie (30 January 2016). "Celebrities James Nesbitt and Jay Rayner join protest against 'astronomical' rent rises in Herne Hill". Evening Standard. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Rayner, Jay. "How a toy shop closed to pay for pupils at Dulwich College". jayrayner.co.uk. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Bullen, Jamie (5 January 2016). "Half Moon pub set to reopen three years after it was closed because of floods". Evening Standard. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Edmonds, Lizzie (15 February 2016). "Parents in bid to stop sale of school field in Herne Hill to developers". Evening Standard. Retrieved 29 February 2016.