Duchy of Urbino
Ducato di Urbino
The Duchy of Urbino in the 17th Century
(1443 - 1523)
(1523 - 1631)
|Historical era||Renaissance, Early modern period|
• The duchy is annexed
to the Papal States
|Today part of||Italy|
The duchy's territories occupied approximately the northern part of the modern region of Marche: they were bordered by the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Republic of Florence in the west and by the Papal States southwards.
In 1523 the capital was moved to Pesaro. After the short rule by Cesare Borgia in 1502–08, the dukedom went to the della Rovere papal family, who held it until 1625, when Pope Urban VIII annexed it to the Papal States as Legazione del Ducato di Urbino (later Legazione di Urbino).
The birth of the duchy dates back to 1443, by virtue of the appointment of Oddantonio da Montefeltro as Duke of Urbino by Pope Eugene IV. The Duchy had for a long time the city of the same name as its capital, which soon became one of the focal points of the Italian Renaissance, rivaling Florence and Siena as a center of art, culture, and commerce. In 1506 the University of Urbino was founded.
List of rulers of Urbino
Lords until 1213, counts thereafter until 1443, thereafter dukes.
- Osborne, June. Urbino: The Story of a Renaissance City. University of Chicago Press.
- Also count or duke of Montefeltro, count of Castel Durante, lord of Cagli, Gubbio, Cantiano, Frontone and Sassocorvaro.
- Also count of Mercatello, lord of Pergola and Fossombrone.
- Also duke of Valentinois and Romagna, prince of Andria and Venafro, count of Dyois, lord of Forlì, Imola, Rimini, Piombino and Camerino.
- Also duke of Sora and Arce.
- Also lord of Senigallia.
- Also ruler of Florence.
- James Dennistoun (1851). Memoirs of the Dukes of Urbino, Illustrating the Arms, Arts, and Literature of Italy, from 1440 to 1630: In Three Volumes. Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans. Volume One, Volume Two, Volume Three
- History of the popes; their church and state (Volume III) by Leopold von Ranke (Wellesley College Library, 2009)
- Franceschini, G. (1970), I Montefeltro . Milan.
- Ugolini, Filippo, (1859). Storia dei conti e duchi d'Urbino. Florence.
- Ugolini, Filippo, Storia dei conti e duchi d'Urbino - volume 2.