Duke of Galliera is an Italian noble title that has been created several times for members of different families. The name of the title refers to the comune of Galliera, which is located in the Province of Bologna in Emilia–Romagna.
The title was first created in 1812 by Napoleon I for Josephine of Leuchtenberg, daughter of Eugène de Beauharnais (and granddaughter of Napoleon's first wife, Josephine). She kept the title even after she married Oscar, Crown Prince of Sweden. Napoleon had already given her the Palazzo Caprara in Bologna in 1807, which was renamed the Palazzo Galliera.
In 1837, after a decade of negotiations, Crown Prince Oscar sold properties attached to the dukedom to Marquis Raffaele de Ferrari of Genoa. The following year, the marquis received the title of Duke of Galliera from Pope Gregory XVI. In 1839, King Charles Albert of Sardinia confirmed the grant to the marquis and added the title of Prince of Lucedio.
With his wife, Maria Brignole-Sale, the new Duke of Galliera had three children, but two of them died young and childless. The third, the famous philatelist Philipp von Ferrary, renounced the title and the inheritance to which it was linked.
In 1877, after the death of her husband, Maria Brignole-Sale (a fervent Orléanist) bequeathed his Italian properties to Prince Antoine, Duke of Montpensier, the youngest son of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French. After the death of Maria Brignole-Sale in 1888, Prince Antoine received the ducal title of Galliera from King Umberto I of Italy. Since then, the title of Duke of Galliera has belonged to the Orléans branch of the Spanish Royal Family, although the properties attached to the dukedom were sold by Infante Antonio in 1920.
|14 March 1807
eldest daughter of Eugène de Beauharnais and Princess Augusta of Bavaria
|19 June 1823
|7 June 1876|
|4 July 1799
only son of Charles XIV John of Sweden and Désirée Clary
|8 July 1859|
Ferrari Brignole-Sale dukes
|Raffaele de Ferrari
|6 July 1803
son of Andrea de Ferrari and Livia Ignazia Pallavicino
|23 November 1876|
|Maria de Brignole-Sale
|5 April 1811
daughter of Antoine Brignole-Sale, Marchese di Groppoli and Arthemisa Negrone, of Genoa
|9 December 1888|
|31 July 1824
Château de Neuilly, Neuilly-sur-Seine
fifth son of Louis-Philippe of France and Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily
|Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
10 October 1846
|4 February 1890|
Palacio de Orleans-Borbón, Sanlúcar de Barrameda
|23 February 1866
only surviving son of Antoine and Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain
|Infanta Eulalia of Spain
6 March 1886
|24 December 1930|
|12 November 1886
eldest son of Antonio and Infanta Eulalia of Spain
|Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
15 July 1909
St. Augustine's Church, Coburg
|6 August 1975|
Sanlúcar de Barrameda
|20 April 1910
eldest son of Alfonso and Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
10 July 1937
|22 August 1997|
|5 January 1968
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
eldest son of Don Alonso de Orleans-Borbón y Parodi-Delfino and Emilia Ferrara-Pignatelli
28 March 1994
Notes and references
- History of the Duchy of Galliera.
- Dominique Paoli, Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Princes of Orleans, 1848-1918, Artena, 2006, p. 248. 248.
- Duke of Galliera Escapes. Appears in Italy from Madrid, where King was his Guardian. The New York Times. September 12 1919.
- Franco Ardizzoni, 'Il Ducato di Galliera, Dalle terre della "bassa" all'Europa'