|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Replaced by||Dublin College Green, Dublin Harbour, Dublin St Stephen's Green and Dublin St Patrick's|
Dublin City was an Irish Borough constituency in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. It comprised the city of Dublin in the county of Dublin, and was represented by two Members of Parliament from its creation in 1801 until 1885.
The city of Dublin was accounted a county of itself, although it remained connected with County Dublin for certain purposes. A Topographical Directory of Ireland, published in 1837, describes the Parliamentary history of the city.
The city returns two members to the Imperial parliament; the right of election, formerly vested in the corporation, freemen, and 40s. freeholders, has been extended to the £10 householders, and £20 and £10 leaseholders for the respective terms of 14 and 20 years, by the act of the 2nd of William IV., cap. 88. The number of voters registered at the first general election under that act was 7041, of which number, 5126 voted. The limits of the city, for electoral purposes, include an area of 3538 statute acres, the boundaries of which are minutely detailed in the Appendix; the number of freemen is about 3500, of whom 2500 are resident and 1000 non-resident, and the number of £10 houses is 16,000 : the sheriffs are the returning officers.
The boundary from 1832, defined in the Parliamentary Boundaries (Ireland) Act 1832 (c. 89 2& 3 Will. 4), was as follows.
The County of the City of Dublin, and such Parts of the County at large as lie within the Circular Road.
Members of Parliament
- Beresford resigned 1804.
- Grattan died 1820.
- Harty and Perrin were unseated on petition and a new writ was issued, 1831.
- The 1832 by-election was the last contest in Ireland for the Unreformed House of Commons.
- O'Connell and Ruthven were re-elected in 1835, as the candidates of a Whig/Repealer electoral pact. As the result of an election petition, the result of the 1835 election was reversed. O'Connell and Ruthven were unseated, with Hamilton and West being declared duly elected, on 16 May 1836.
- O'Connell and Hutton were the candidates, in 1837, of a Whig/Repealer electoral pact.
- Hill, Jacqueline (2007). "The 1847 general election in Dublin city". In Blackstock, Allan; Magennis, Eoin (eds.). Politics and Political Culture in Britain and Ireland: 1750–1850. Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-903688-68-7. Retrieved 21 August 2019 – via Google Books.
- West died 1842.
- Grogan was a Baronet from 23 April 1859.
- On petition after the 1868 general election, Guinness was unseated and a new writ was issued in 1870.
- The Home Rule League was replaced by the Irish Parliamentary Party in 1882.
From 1832 (when registers of electors were first prepared) a turnout figure is given, for the percentage of the registered electors who voted. If the number of registered electors eligible to take part in a contested election is unknown, then the last known electorate figure is used to calculate an estimated turnout. If the numbers of registered electors and electors taking part in the poll are known, an exact turnout figure is calculated. In two member elections (in which an elector could cast one or two votes as he chose), where the exact number of electors participating is unknown, an estimated turnout figure is given. This is calculated by dividing the total number of votes cast by two. To the extent that electors used only one of their votes the estimated turnout figure is an underestimate.
Elections in the 1800s
|Tory||John Claudius Beresford||1,965||35.34||N/A|
|Whig||John La Touche||1,673||30.08||N/A|
|Whig||John La Touche||1,522||31.48||N/A|
Elections in the 1810s
Elections in the 1820s
|Tory gain from Whig||Swing|
Elections in the 1830s
On petition Harty and Perrin unseated and new writ issued
1832 (18 August) by-election (2 seats)
- Frederick Shaw (Tory) 1,292 (28.33%)
- Ingestre (Tory) 1,250 (27.41%)
- David Charles La Touche (Whig) 1,053 (23.09%)
- Michael O'Loghlen (Whig) 937 (20.55%)
- Marcus Costello (Whig) 28 (0.61%)
1832 (22 December) general election (2 seats)
- 7,008 electors, 5,173 voted, turnout 73.82%
- Daniel O'Connell (Repealer) 3,411 (32.60%)
- Edward Southwell Ruthven (Repealer) 3,352 (32.04%)
- John Beattie West (Conservative) 1,862 (17.80%)
- George Rich (Conservative) 1,837 (17.56%)
1835 (17 January) general election (2 seats)
- 7,113 electors, 5,273 voted, turnout 74.13%
- Daniel O'Connell (Liberal Repealer) 2,678 (26.19%)
- Edward Southwell Ruthven (Liberal Repealer) 2,630 (25.72%)
- George Alexander Hamilton (Conservative) 2,461 (24.07%)
- John Beattie West (Conservative) 2,455 (24.01%)
- On petition O'Connell and Ruthven unseated and Hamilton and West declared elected 16 May 1836
1837 (5 August) general election (2 seats)
- 11,409 electors, 6,972 voted, turnout 61.11%
- Daniel O'Connell (Liberal Repealer) 3,556 (25.35%)
- Robert Hutton (Liberal) 3,542 (25.25%)
- George Alexander Hamilton (Conservative) 3,467 (24.72%)
- John Beattie West (Conservative) 3,461 (24.68%)
Elections in the 1840s
|Conservative||John Beattie West||3,860||25.6|
|Irish Repeal||Daniel O'Connell||3,692||24.5|
|Conservative gain from Irish Repeal||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing|
West's death caused a by-election.
|Conservative||William Henry Gregory||3,825||52.7||+1.6|
|Registered electors||12,264 (1841 figure)|
|Irish Repeal||John Reynolds||3,229||33.3||+8.8|
|Peelite||William Henry Gregory||3,125||32.2||N/A|
|Turnout||4,854 (est)||24.8 (est)||−39.8|
|Irish Repeal gain from Conservative||Swing||+0.4|
On petition, the poll was amended and 92 votes were struck off Reynolds, although this did not cause him to be declared unelected.
Elections in the 1850s
|Independent Irish||John Reynolds||3,019||25.2||−8.1|
|Turnout||7,499 (est)||66.4 (est)||+39.6|
|Conservative gain from Irish Repeal||Swing||+11.9|
|Whig||Francis William Brady||3,405||23.9||−1.3|
|Turnout||7,116 (est)||71.8 (est)||+5.4|
|Liberal||Francis William Brady||3,976||24.3||+0.4|
Elections in the 1860s
|Turnout||9,059 (est)||84.9 (est)||+6.1|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||−13.5|
Guinness' death caused a by-election.
|Turnout||11,002 (est)||85.3 (est)||+0.4|
Elections in the 1870s
On petition, Guinness was unseated.
|Home Rule||Edward King-Harman||3,444||43.5||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
|Home Rule||Maurice Brooks||4,838||38.7||N/A|
|Home Rule||Edward Fox||515||4.1||N/A|
|Turnout||6,252 (est)||51.8 (est)||−33.5|
|Home Rule gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1880s
|Home Rule||Maurice Brooks||5,763||26.3||−12.4|
|Liberal||Robert Dyer Lyons||5,647||25.8||+10.3|
|Turnout||10,958 (est)||80.6 (est)||+28.8|
|Home Rule hold||Swing||−8.2|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.1|
- Part of the Library Ireland: Irish History and Culture website containing the text of A Topographical Directory of Ireland, by Samuel Lewis (a work published by S. Lewis & Co of London in 1837) including an article on the city of Dublin
- The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844–50), 2nd edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
- Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922, edited by B.M. Walker (Royal Irish Academy 1978)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)
- Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801–1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.
- Accounts and Papers of the House of Commons, Volume 50. 1843. Retrieved 25 August 2019 – via Google Books.
- "City Election—Meeting of Freemen". Saunders's News-Letter. 27 March 1857. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 30 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.