Ford in 2018
|26th Premier of Ontario|
Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs
|Assumed office |
June 29, 2018
|Lieutenant Governor||Elizabeth Dowdeswell|
|Preceded by||Kathleen Wynne|
|Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario|
|Assumed office |
March 10, 2018
|Preceded by||Vic Fedeli (interim)|
|Member of the Ontario Provincial Parliament|
for Etobicoke North
|Assumed office |
June 7, 2018
|Preceded by||Shafiq Qaadri|
|Toronto City Councillor|
December 1, 2010 – November 30, 2014
|Preceded by||Rob Ford|
|Succeeded by||Rob Ford|
|Constituency||Etobicoke North (Ward 2)|
Douglas Robert Ford
November 20, 1964
Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada
|Political party||Progressive Conservative|
|Children||4 (including Krista)|
|Father||Doug Ford Sr.|
|Residence||Princess Gardens, Etobicoke, Toronto|
|Alma mater||Humber College (no degree)|
With his brother Randy, Ford co-owns Deco Labels and Tags, a printing business operating in Canada and the United States that was founded by their father, Doug Ford Sr., who served as a Member of Provincial Parliament from 1995 to 1999. Ford was Toronto City Councillor for Ward 2 Etobicoke North from 2010 to 2014 at the same time that his brother, Rob Ford, was Mayor of Toronto. Ford ran for the 2014 Toronto mayoral election, where he placed second behind John Tory. In 2018, Ford won the party leadership election of the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party and led the Tories to a majority win in the 2018 Ontario general election.
Early life, family, and education
Ford was born in Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada, the second of four children of Doug Bruce and Ruth Diane (née Campbell) Ford. His paternal grandparents were English immigrants. He attended Scarlett Heights Collegiate Institute for five years, graduating in 1983. He then attended Humber College for two months before dropping out.
Early business career
In the 1990s, Ford became involved in the running of Deco Labels and Tags, a business co-founded by his father in 1962. The company makes pressure-sensitive labels for plastic-wrapped grocery products. Doug Jr. became president of the company in 2002, and was responsible for the company's expansion into Chicago. Nearing his death, his father divided up the company, leaving 40% to Doug Jr., 40% to Randy and 20% to Rob. In 2008, Doug Jr. launched the purchase of Wise Tag and Label in New Jersey and fired Wise Tag's manager. Former Deco employees suggest that the Chicago branch was well-managed under Doug Jr., and that he was well-liked, but that the company declined under Randy's leadership after Doug Jr. entered politics in 2010. As of 2011[update], Ford and his mother were directors of the company, managed by his brother Randy.
Early involvement in politics
Ford's first involvement in politics came when Doug Holyday approached Deco to print "For mayor" stickers for signs for his 1994 campaign for mayor of Etobicoke. Ford took it upon himself to canvass for Holyday. He then assisted in his father's campaigns as a PC candidate for MPP in 1995 and 1999. He also ran his brother Rob's council campaigns in 2000, 2003, and 2006, and Rob's winning mayoral campaign in 2010.
On October 25, 2010, Ford was elected as councillor to Toronto City Council in Ward 2. He succeeded his brother, Rob, who ran successfully for Mayor of Toronto. Upon election, Doug Ford announced that he would donate his $100,000 annual salary to community organizations.
As a city councillor, Ford voted to privatize garbage pickup west on Yonge Street, declare the Toronto Transit Commission an essential service, reduce the office budget of city councillors, and eliminate the vehicle registration tax.
Boards and agencies
While on city council, Ford served on the board of Build Toronto, an arm's-length city body responsible for developing and selling city land. He was also a director of the Canadian National Exhibition, and served on the Budget Committee, the Civic Appointments Committee and the Government Management Committee at Council.
Ford was a member of the board of Toronto Transit Infrastructure Limited, a corporation set up to finance a Sheppard Avenue subway extension, which Council later cancelled. In 2011, Ford promoted an alternative plan for the Port Lands district of Toronto, including a monorail, a boat-in hotel, the world's largest Ferris wheel and a mega-mall. The plan was ridiculed in the media and council voted it down—including by members of the mayoral executive committee.
Other events while councillor
Ford caused controversy after revealing that his brother Rob would be served a subpoena if Rob's friend and driver Alexander Lisi went to court over charges of extortion. Ford commented that the subpoena was in "payback" of Toronto Police Chief Bill Blair not getting a contract renewal with the Toronto Police Service, saying "This is why we need a change at the top", in regards to Blair's contract. Blair filed a defamation lawsuit, demanding a written apology in exchange for dropping the suit. Ford apologized verbally and then later apologized and retracted the comments in writing.
An investigative report by The Globe and Mail published in May 2013 alleged that Ford sold hashish at James Gardens for several years in the 1980s, based on interviews with anonymous sources. Ford, who had never been charged with an offence, denied the allegations and accused the newspaper of unfairly targeting his brother, then-Mayor Rob Ford. The newspaper defended its report and its use of anonymous sources at an Ontario Press Council hearing, which dismissed complaints against the newspaper and found that its coverage was "fair and ethical". Ford said at the time that he planned to sue the newspaper for libel. When asked in a 2018 interview why he had not sued, he replied that he had decided a lawsuit would be a "waste of time".
Ford opposed a house for developmentally disabled youth in his ward, saying the home had "ruined the community".
Aspirations for higher office and 2014 mayoral candidacy
In June 2013, Ford announced that he would not run for re-election as councillor in the next Toronto election, scheduled for 2014: "I won't be running next time, at least down here I won't be running, I'll be running away from this place in 16 months", expressing his frustration with municipal politics. It was speculated at the time that Ford may be a Progressive Conservative (PC) candidate for a future Ontario election, or interested in the leadership of the Progressive Conservatives. On February 20, 2014, after meeting with Progressive Conservative leader Tim Hudak, Ford announced that he would not be a candidate in the next provincial election, which was called for June 12, 2014, so that he could focus on his brother's re-election campaign. Ford added that he did intend to be a candidate in a subsequent provincial election, saying: "The timing right now just doesn't work."
After his brother Rob Ford entered drug rehab in May 2014, Doug Ford commented that he would not rule out running for mayor. Rob Ford returned from rehab and continued his campaign for mayor, but withdrew after he was diagnosed with an abdominal tumour and hospitalized. Doug Ford then entered the mayoral campaign in the last hour before the nomination deadline on September 12, 2014. Comments Ford made during the campaign received criticism for alleged bigotry, such as misogyny and antisemitism, and critics accused him of conflict of interest and of drug dealing in the past. Though voters viewed the brothers as having the same ideological stance and gave them similar levels of support, Rob's drug scandal received little attention with regard to Doug's campaign.
Ford's campaign got the attention of Last Week Tonight's John Oliver, who closed an episode begging Torontonians to vote for Doug Ford for the world's amusement. Doug Ford maintained the support that Rob had in the polls, and made no significant ground against frontrunner John Tory, but maintained his lead over Olivia Chow. Ford lost the election to Tory, having 34% of the support compared to Tory's 40%. Ford's campaign was fined $11,950 for placing 478 illegal lawn signs during the campaign, including placing signs on the Don Valley Parkway, the Gardiner Expressway, and on civic buildings and parks.
Following his unsuccessful mayoral candidacy, there was speculation that Ford would become a candidate for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario. Ford told reporters: "It's on the table, I would really consider it", and added: "Our campaign is ready to go. Our people are itching to get involved. We are miles ahead of the other candidates." On November 27, 2014, Ford announced that he would not be a candidate for the position and endorsed the candidacy of family friend Christine Elliott.
Integrity Commissioner ruling against Ford
In December 2016, the City of Toronto's integrity commissioner concluded that Ford broke the city's code of conduct when he was a councillor finding that Ford improperly used his influence in municipal matters pertaining to two companies that were clients of his family's company. Integrity Commissioner Valerie Jepson ruled that: "Councillor Ford took no steps to establish clear lines of separation between his responsibilities as a member of Council and his duties as a principal of Deco."
Since Ford was no longer a councillor by the time the ruling was issued, the commissioner did not recommend any sanctions for Ford.
Cancelled 2018 Toronto mayoral campaign
On September 9, 2017, Ford announced at his family's annual barbecue that he would run for Mayor of Toronto in the 2018 election, saying "this one's for you, Robbie", referring to his younger brother Rob who had died the previous year. Ford said that his opponent, John Tory, was "all talk and broken promises". On February 1, 2018, Ford announced that he no longer planned to run for mayor that year because he intended to focus entirely on his campaign for Ontario PC leader.
2018 Progressive Conservative leadership campaign
|Affiliation||Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario|
|Slogan||Strong Party, Strong Ontario|
Following the sudden resignation of Patrick Brown on January 25, 2018, the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario announced a new leader would need to be chosen before the 2018 Ontario general election in June. Ford was the first candidate to announce, on January 29, that he would seek the leadership of the party. On January 31, 2018, Ford announced he would seek the PC nomination in Etobicoke North and run for the seat in the 2018 election. He was one of the four official candidates running for the PC leadership along with Christine Elliott, Caroline Mulroney, and Tanya Granic Allen.
Ford promised to represent the interests of Northern Ontario in Queen's Park. He called his opponents "insiders" and "political elites", who did not represent the interests of the residents of Northern Ontario like he could. Ford pledged several northern-focused policy initiatives including moving forward with resource development in the Northern Ontario Ring of Fire and reinstating the Ontario Northland Railway's Northlander train service.
Ford called the Ontario health care system "broken" while relating the hospital experience of his brother Rob. He explained that Rob fell while being guided to a chair, and as the hospital was understaffed Doug had to rush down eleven floors to find security guards to help. He stated that the province should support transportation to allow Northern Ontarians to travel quickly and easily to the south to receive medical care and should increase provincial support for Ontario's small and medium-sized hospitals.
Polling results ahead of the leadership ballot were mixed. A February Ipsos/Global News poll found that Ford had the most support of all the PC Leadership candidates in Toronto and would beat the Liberals in the city by nine points, but a Mainstreet poll showed him doing only marginally better than the other PC candidates except Patrick Brown, and a Forum Research poll suggested he would have less support than the other candidates.
On March 10, Ford won the PC leadership on the third ballot. The results were too close to call and there was a dispute over whether some votes were allocated to the correct electoral districts, so the announcement was not be made at the originally scheduled convention. A news conference was held later that night after a recount was completed. Elliott conceded the next day and endorsed Ford as leader.
2018 Ontario general election
In March 2018, the Liberals tabled a pre-election budget in the provincial legislature which promised billions of dollars in new spending for free childcare and expanded coverage for dental care but replaced the government's previous balanced budget with a $6.7 billion deficit projected to last until 2024–2025. Ford called the budget a "spending spree". He said he would condense the Conservative platform adopted under former leader Patrick Brown, reducing "about ten percent of [it]", into a five-point plan focusing on health, education, creating jobs, getting rid of the province's cap-and-trade program for carbon emissions, and reducing electricity rates.
Ford was critical of the sex education components of the Ontario health curriculum which was updated in 2015, and stated that he believed it needed to be reviewed. He suggested that minors should be required to consult their parents before obtaining an abortion, and indicated he would allow the introduction of a private member's bill requiring parental consent. Liberal campaign co-chair Deb Matthews accused Ford of wading into "divisive social conservative issues" with his remarks.
In regards to job creation, Ford said he would revive manufacturing in Ontario by easing regulations, cutting taxes, and ensuring competitive electricity rates. Ford criticized the Liberal government for not proceeding quickly enough to develop the Northern Ontario Ring of Fire, saying that he'd get on a bulldozer himself if necessary. Northern Ontario newspaper The Chronicle-Journal criticized Ford's remarks as being "simplistic" in regards to Indigenous land claims and ensuring Indigenous communities receive a share of any economic gains.
Ford announced at an April 3 rally in Hamilton, Ontario that if elected his government would allow Hamilton City Council to reallocate the $1.3 billion allocated for the city's proposed rapid transit system to roads or other infrastructure. Hamilton mayor Fred Eisenberger responded saying that city council had already decided the issue and that cancelling the LRT would mean $100 million would "be thrown away". Ted McMeekin, a local Liberal MPP, criticized Ford's announcement saying "He paints himself as a responsible fiscal person but sees nothing wrong with writing a blank cheque for $1.2 billion."
In early April, the CBC published their analysis of aggregate polls showing that Ford and the Progressive Conservatives were ahead of the other parties averaging 42.1% support, compared to 27.2% for the governing Liberals, 23.4% for the NDP and 5.7% for the Greens and with 11 Liberal MPPs announcing they would not be running for re-election or having already resigned their seats in the months leading up to the election.
Ford and the PC Party received the endorsement of former Toronto mayor Mel Lastman and former Mississauga mayor Hazel McCallion. In explaining her choice not to support Kathleen Wynne's Liberals, McCallion said "As mayor, I never ran the city based on debt. I know the real Doug Ford. He's hardworking, he cares about people of all ages and can be trusted." In the media, Ford was compared to U.S. President Donald Trump. The Guardian described Ford as a "businessman turned anti-establishment politician", a "son of a wealthy entrepreneur" who "rails against elites" and "often shuns expertise", while noting a sharp difference with Trump by pointing out that during his 2014 Toronto mayoral campaign "Ford drummed up strong support among some of the city’s most diverse neighbourhoods, suggesting his populist touch resonates with immigrants and racialised minorities who have traditionally self-identified as disenfranchised". Ford rejected the comparisons while praising some of Trump's policies.
Ford led the PC Party to a majority government in the general election held on June 7, 2018, taking 76 of 124 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, including his own riding of Etobicoke North. Ford had been PC Leader for less than 100 days when his party won the election.
Premiership of Ontario
Ford was sworn in as Premier on June 29, 2018, incorporating a ceremony outdoors on the lawn of Queen's Park. Ford is the first newly-elected MPP to take office as premier since Mitch Hepburn did so in 1934.
Ford announced a salary and hiring freeze for Ontario civil servants before being sworn in. The Ford government also cancelled the Green Ontario Fund residential rebate program which included a $100 million fund for public school repair, free prescriptions to youth 24 and under, and an initiative to add indigenous peoples content to school curriculum.
On July 11, 2018, Ford announced that Ontario's health curriculum including sexual education components, updated by the previous government in 2015, would be reverted to the 1998 curriculum before the next school year. Doug Ford also announced several other changes including reducing the size of Toronto city council from 47 to 25, privatizing the sale of cannabis, lowering the minimum price of beer from $1.25 to $1 and increased funding for the Toronto Police Service. On September 28, 2018, the Ontario government announced the cancellation of the Drive Clean program, with the intention of focusing instead on the reduction of pollution from heavy-duty vehicles. The change will be effective on April 1, 2019.
Cap and trade and carbon tax
On June 15, 2018, then Premier-designate, Ford announced in a statement that one of the first actions of his newly-formed cabinet would be to eliminate the province's cap and trade program under the 2016 "Bill 172, the Climate Change Mitigation and Low-Carbon Economy Act", a polluter pay bill that "generated funds for climate change mitigation and adaptation," put in place by the Liberal government. As premier, through Bill 4, "Cap and Trade Cancellation Act, 2018" which was tabled on July 25, 2018, Ford repealed Bill 172 as part of his promise to lower gasoline prices by 10 cents per litre.
In July Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said that provinces that do not adopt a carbon pricing mechanism by September 1, 2018, would be subject to a federal carbon tax of $20/tonne starting in January 2019. Ontario's "fiscal watchdog" and other analysts said that the province will have to refund an estimated $3 billion in carbon credits over four years purchased under the cap and trade program. By mid-November 2018, the Globe and Mail reported that the Ontario government had "lost $2.7-billion in revenue" which included the $1.5-billion loss of revenue from the elimination of the cap-and-trade program.
Ford has worked with the premiers of Saskatchewan, Manitoba and New Brunswick to fight the federal government's carbon tax legislation. Ford has also supported campaigns to repeal the carbon tax led by Conservative Party of Canada leader Andrew Scheer and Alberta United Conservative Party leader Jason Kenney.
Ford had warned that the imposition of the federal carbon tax would result in an increase in the price of gas in Ontario. According to fuel price analyst Patrick DeHaan, the average retail price of gas increased from 114.3 cents per litre before the carton tax to "117.9 cents on April 1, the first day of the new tax" and 125.3 cents per litre in mid-July. There has been a 9.2 per cent drop in gasoline prices across Canada over the last year, according to the July 17, 2019 Statistics Canada report which resulted in inflation falling nationally in June 2019 to 2.0 per cent. DeHaan said that in July 2018 the average price of gas in Ontario had been 130.1 cents per litre. He added that the retail price of gas reflects the drop in the price of oil prices from US$72 per barrel to US$60 a barrel in 2019 and is not related to the carbon tax.
During his election campaign Ford had promised to lower Ontario's electricity rates by 12%. During his campaign, in April 2018, he announced that in order to reduce electricity rates, he would redirect the province's dividends from partial ownership of Hydro One to subsidize market electricity rates, as well as absorbing the cost of conservation programs currently paid for by consumers, at an estimated cost of $800 million per year.
Ford attacked Hydro One CEO Mayo Schmidt, calling him "Kathleen Wynne's $6-million dollar man" in reference to his reported annual salary, and called on the utility's board of directors to resign. Ford vowed to fire them all if elected, although PCPO energy critic Todd Smith later clarified that the government cannot dismiss Hydro One's CEO directly. He opposed his predecessor's decision to privatize Hydro One, but does not plan to reverse the decision. His government passed legislation to publicly disclose and reduce the salaries of Hydro One's board members and executives. On July 11, 2018, Hydro One CEO Mayo Schmidt resigned along with the entire board.
According to Bloomberg News, by December 5, 2018, Washington Utilities and Transportation Commission, the state's regulators, rejected Hydro One's $3.4 takeover of Avista because of "political risks in Ontario...from provincial leaders who may not have the company’s well being in mind". Bloomberg also reported that, if the merger was not approved by the state's regulators, Hydro One would have to pay c.CA$138 million break fee. Because Hydro One is partially owned by the Ontario government, Ontario ratepayers would also be paying the "Parent Termination Fee". Ford denies that he is to blame for the U.S. regulators' decision.
Low-Income Individuals and Families Tax credit (LIFT)
On November 15, 2018 Finance Minister Vic Fedeli tabled the 2018 Ontario Economic Outlook which included a tax cut representing as much as $850 a year for individuals and $1,700 for couples. LIFT would mean that a single person working full-time in minimum wage job, would pay no provincial personal income tax. Minimum wage workers would still pay federal income tax which represents 75% of the tax rate. LIFT is a variation on Ford's promise to cut taxes on those making less than $30,000 a year. The amount of the tax credit applies only to minimum wage earners with full-time jobs. An individual who works part-time at $20 an hour but only earns $20,000 a year, would not be eligible. Economist Sheila Block said that a $15 minimum wage would represent about $1,100 more a year for low income earners than Ford's tax credit. In September 2018, Ford's government froze the minimum wage at $14 per hour and cancelled a planned increase.
On December 6, 2018 the Ford administration tabled its omnibus bill, Bill 66. The bill allows municipalities to request a provincial government override of any regulations that currently deter businesses from locating in the region. Ford's political opponents and groups that promote environmental protection raised concerns that the "opaque", "vague language" in Bill 66 could mean clean water regulations and other bylaws that protect environmentally sensitive land could be bypassed. According to a December 7 The Globe and Mail article, under Bill 66, municipalities would only be required to obtain permission from the Minister of Municipal Affairs, to override sections of the 2006 Clean Water Act, the 2015 Great Lakes Protection Act, the 2006 Lake Simcoe Protection Act, and the 2005 Greenbelt Act.
Ford came under fire in December 2018 by Ontario Provincial Police Deputy Commissioner Brad Blair, who claimed Ford requested the OPP “purchase a large camper-type vehicle ... modified to specifications the premier’s office would provide” and keep the costs “off the books.” The vehicle was intended for the premier to use for work, and reportedly was asked to include a swivel chair. The accusation followed on the heels of Ford appointing a longtime family friend to be the next OPP commissioner just days after lowering the requirements for the position.
Political patronage controversies
In July 2018, Ford hired Rueben Devlin, former PC Party president and a Ford family friend, as a health-care advisor at a salary of $350,000 plus expenses, more than Ford's own salary of $208,974.
In December 2018 Bob Paulson, who served as RCMP for 32-years before retiring in 2017, called for an independent third-party inquiry into Ford's appointment in December 2018 of Toronto Police Superintendent Ron Taverner, who is a long-time friend of Ford, as the new commissioner of the Ontario Provincial Police. By March 2019, Taverner had stepped down following "months of controversy" that "triggered an integrity commissioner investigation".
A June 20, 2019 article in The Star said that Ford had awarded "plum patronage posts to two political allies". He hired Jag Badwal as Ontario's agent-general to Britain and the United States with an annual salary of $185,000. Ford named Earl Provost as Ontario's agent-general to Chicago.
On June 28, 2019 Ford's chief of staff, Dean French, resigned "amid a patronage scandal". According to a The Globe and Mail article, French resigned "after it was revealed that two people with personal ties to [French], 26 year-old Tyler Albrecht and Taylor Shields were appointed to lucrative positions in New York and London. The Toronto Sun reported in a June 27, 2019 article that 26 year-old Tyler Albrecht, who had a "thin resume" was proposed for a "job that paid $165,000 a year, plus housing and other expenses" as Ontario's "new trade rep in New York City". His qualification was "that he played lacrosse with French's son". TVO's Steve Paikin cited the example of Taylor Shields, who is French's wife cousin who was appointed as the trade representative in London, England, with a salary of $185,000 plus expenses. Just hours before French resigned, Ford had cancelled Albrecht's and Shields' appointments.
Thomas Staples, who played on St. Michael's College Varsity Lacrosse team with French as coach, worked in the office of Bill Walker, who was Chief Government Whip. When Walker became Minister of Government and Consumer Services in November 2018, Staples worked as his executive assistant and legislative affairs advisor. According to iPolitics, Staples had not completed his undergraduate studies, and had neither the qualifications nor work experience in politics.
French's niece, Katherine Pal, who had been appointed as Ontario's Public Accounts Council resigned after her family ties to French were revealed. According to Paikin, Pal was well qualified to be Public Accounts Council but she resigned because of the bad optics.
On July 4, Peter Fenwick, who served as Ontario's first "strategic transformation adviser" since November 2018, was fired when it was revealed in an interview in an interview with The Star that "Fenwick has been a life insurance customer of French's for at least 20 years".
On July 10, Andrew Suboch, a "a personal injury and insurance lawyer" who had served as chair of the Justices of the Peace Appointments Advisory Committee (JPAAC), informed the JPAAC that he was resigning immediately after an article in the Globe revealed that Suboch was another of French's "long-time" friends whose sons played lacrosse together for many years.
According to a July 4, 2019 article in The Toronto Star, John Fraser, who is the Ontario Interim Liberal Leader, called for a "formal probe" into French's "involvement in appointments" to be undertaken by J. David Wake—Ontario's integrity commissioner—in order "to clear the air and restore public confidence". He asked that Ford "make any findings public" because of the "tremendous influence" French had in Ford's government.
In December 2019, an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China; it spread worldwide and was recognized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. The first confirmed case in Canada was in Ontario—reported on January 27, 2020.
On March 17, Ford declared a state of emergency in Ontario, closing bars and restaurants (with the exception of take-out and delivery services), as well as libraries, theatres, cinemas, schools and daycares and all public gatherings of more than 50 people (later reduced to 5 people on March 28). Furthermore, the government announced on March 17 that Ontario had "some evidence of community transmission" of COVID-19.
On March 23, Ford announced that all "non-essential" businesses be ordered closed starting 11:59 p.m. on March 24. Ford also stated that schools would remain closed past the original April 6 opening date (on May 19 it was announced that schools would remain closed until the following school year in September). A list of 74 "essential" businesses was published later in the day on March 23.
On March 25, Ford and Finance Minister Rod Phillips introduced a $17-billion response package that includes an influx of cash for the health sector, direct payments to parents and tax breaks for businesses.
This section may rely excessively on sources too closely associated with the subject, potentially preventing the article from being verifiable and neutral. (September 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Ford is a fiscal conservative. He supports across-the-board tax reductions at all three levels of government.
As a Toronto city councilor and mayoral candidate, Ford supported eliminating the car registration tax, eliminating the land transfer tax and keeping property tax increases below the rate of inflation.
As leader of the Ontario PC Party and the Premier of Ontario, Ford promised to reduce provincial taxes. His proposals included eliminating cap-and-trade, eliminating the provincial income tax for minimum wage workers, reducing middle-class income tax rates, reducing the corporate income tax, reducing the small business tax and reducing the gasoline tax.
Ford opposes the federal government's legislation that would impose a carbon tax on any province that does not develop a high enough one itself. Under his leadership, Ontario's government launched a legal challenge against the federal carbon tax, calling it unconstitutional.
Ford believes in reducing overall government spending.
As Ontario PC leader, Ford promised to reduce government spending enough to pay for his proposed tax cuts and to balance the budget. He pledged to introduce a moratorium on wind and solar projects and to cancel subsidies for electric cars.[better source needed] He also promised to end the practice of giving subsidies and grants to businesses on a case-by-case basis and to cancel the Jobs and Prosperity Fund.[better source needed] Ford's government cancelled the basic income pilot project.
Doug Ford opposes the laying off of government workers. He supports the use of attrition to eliminate government jobs that he believes are not needed.
Ford opposes deficit spending and the accumulation of debt. He has criticized provincial governments for accumulating debt and for spending money on interest payments. Ford promised to balance the budget within his first term as Premier.[better source needed]
Ford supports publicly funded healthcare and believes that funding should be increased to create 30,000 additional long-term care beds.
Ford believes that the provincial government should fully subsidize dental costs for low-income seniors.
As Premier, Ford scrapped the elementary school sex-education curriculum his predecessor introduced in 2015 and restored the previous curriculum from 1998. He pledged to create a new sex-education curriculum after consulting with parents and teachers. Ford stated the sex-education curriculum needed to be changed because it was not age-appropriate and not based on enough consultation. He also opposes teaching students about non-binary genders.
Ford believes that financial literacy education should be expanded and included in school curricula.
Ford used back-to-work legislation to end the 2018 strike at York University prior to the start of the 2018–2019 school year. The strike had gone on for over four months, making it the longest post-secondary strike in Canadian history.
Ford ordered all public universities and colleges in Ontario to develop free-speech policies that meet his government's expectations and stated that universities and colleges that do not comply will face funding reductions.
By June 2019, the Ford administration had removed or decreased funding for "school programs like after-school jobs for youth in low-income neighbourhoods", "tutors in classrooms", "daily physical activity for elementary students", "financial assistance for college and university students", "free tuition for low-income students", and "three satellite university campuses". He also "increased class sizes" and "cancelled three summer curriculum-writing sessions—one mandated by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and two others.
Ford favours hydroelectric and nuclear energy over solar and wind energy. Ford campaigned on eliminating the Green Energy Act 2009 and repealed the legislation as premier. Ford supports keeping the Pickering Nuclear Generating Station open until 2024.
Ford opposes deficit spending and the accumulation of debt by governments.
Alcohol and drugs
Ford supports allowing licensed private retailers to sell alcohol and cannabis, rather than a government monopoly like the LCBO. As Premier, he fulfilled his "buck-a-beer" campaign promise by reducing the minimum price of beer from $1.25 to $1.
Ford opposes supervised drug injection sites.
Ford opposed the legalization of recreational cannabis. On January 22, 2019, Huffington Post reported that Ford's youngest daughter Kyla, a bodybuilder and fitness trainer, had posted videos promoting health benefits of CBD oil, a cannabis product which typically does not contain the psychoactive compound present in marijuana. Various publications claimed Kyla's promotion wasn't lawful. Ford's daughter took down the posts, but neither Ford nor his daughter commented on them.
Ford believes that the constitution does not prevent provincial governments from changing the size of municipal councils, even after an election campaign has already begun. After his government's legislation to reduce the number of Toronto city councilors was ruled unconstitutional, Ford pledged to invoke Section 33 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms which would allow him to implement the legislation regardless of the court's ruling.
Ford is a proponent of subways and believes that the provincial government should assume control over Toronto's subway system.
Ford previously endorsed the economic policies of the United States Republican Party and the presidency of Donald Trump, however after Trump announced tariffs on Canadian aluminum imports in August 2020, Ford expressed his disapproval, calling Trump's policy "totally unacceptable".
Ford and his wife Karla (née Middlebrook) have four daughters: Krista, Kayla, Kara, and Kyla. He has said that Karla's maternal grandparents were Jewish and immigrated to Canada from Europe to flee persecution.
Ford became an "ethical vegetarian" after working in a meatpacking plant as a teenager, and while this is no longer the case, he still does not eat red meat. Ford, who is obese, has struggled with his weight at least since 2012, when he publicly attempted a weight loss challenge. Ford is occasionally fat shamed in the media, having been previously called "unfashionably overweight".
A book by Doug and Rob Ford titled Ford Nation: Two Brothers, One Vision – The True Story of the People's Mayor appeared in 2016. In a November 2017 episode of the TVOntario series Political Blind Date, Ford was paired with then Ontario NDP MPP for Bramalea—Gore—Malton Jagmeet Singh.[a] The pair explored different forms of transportation, with Singh taking Ford on a downtown Toronto bicycle ride while Ford drove Singh along the dedicated streetcar right-of-way on St. Clair Avenue. Ford said of the experience that the two became friends, and Singh said Ford was "very warm and friendly".
In 2014, Doug and his mother donated $90,000 to Humber River Hospital, where Rob Ford was receiving care. Upon Rob's death, Doug and Randy took on stewardship of Rob's share of Deco Labels and Tags.
In 2018, Rob's widow sued Doug and Randy for mismanagement of Rob's estate, saying their actions deprived her and her children of due compensation while overseeing business losses at Deco Labels totalling half of the company's market value. In response, Doug alleged that the claims and the lawsuit's timing in the same week as the 2018 Ontario election amounted to extortion.
Municipal election record
|64 other candidates||7,913||2.84|
Ontario PC Party leadership election
|Candidate||Ballot 1||Ballot 2||Ballot 3|
|Tanya Granic Allen||9,344
Provincial election record
|2018 Ontario general election|
|Progressive Conservative||Doug Ford||19,055||52.48||+29.73|
|New Democratic||Mahamud Amin||9,210||25.37||−0.84|
|Green||Nancy Kaur Ghuman||1,026||2.83||+0.33|
|Total valid votes||36,306||100.0|
|Progressive Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+15.30|
|Source: Elections Ontario|
- Between the filming and airing of the episode Singh was elected leader of the federal New Democratic Party
- "Doug Ford exposed the agonizing fragility of democratic traditions", by Rick Salutin, Toronto Star, September 14, 2018, p. A15
- Goldsbie, Jonathan (May 8, 2012). "The Rob Ford walking tour". The Grid. Archived from the original on November 9, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
- "Ford, Douglas Bruce". National Post (obituary). September 26, 2006. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- Doolittle, 2014[page needed]
- Don Peat (July 31, 2012). "Rob Ford's ancestor landed in Canada for being 'unruly'". Toronto Sun. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
- "Facts about the other Ford: A look at mayoral candidate Doug Ford". CP24.com. Canadian Press. September 12, 2014. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- Doolittle 2014, pp. 33–36. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFDoolittle2014 (help)
- Salutin, Rick (September 13, 2018). "Doug Ford exposed the agonizing fragility of democratic traditions". The Toronto Star. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
- Borins, Sandford (April 8, 2018). "Questioning Doug Ford's resume". Sandford Borins. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
- Daubs, Katie (February 3, 2014). "5 things you didn't know about Rob Ford's family: Revelations from the book Crazy Town". Toronto Star. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- Doolittle, Robyn (October 10, 2014). "Doug Ford at Deco: The inside story". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- McDonald 2012, p. 43.
- Warnica, Richard (June 4, 2014). "Ford family business 'a nightmare' since Doug handed managerial control to Randy, ex-employees say". National Post. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- Lorinc, John (April 6, 2011). "Ford's unique approach to campaign financing: Borrow from family firm". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved December 10, 2012.
- Torstar News Service (September 13, 2014). "Doug Ford never a mere Toronto councillor". Toronto Metro. Archived from the original on April 6, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- Sherwood, Matthew (June 11, 2011). "Doug Ford: Riding shotgun in the Fordmobile". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
- Doolittle, 2014[page needed]
- Peat, Don (October 26, 2010). "Doug Ford to donate salary to charities". Toronto Sun. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Ford Brothers have near unanimous voting record on council". The Toronto Star. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- Mehler Paperny, Anna (March 11, 2011). "Derek Ballantyne leaves as chief operating officer; formerly served as CEO of Toronto Community Housing Corporation". The Globe and Mail. Toronto, ON.
- "City of Toronto: City Councillors - Councillor Doug Ford". City of Toronto. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- Rider, David; Dale, Daniel (August 30, 2011). "Doug Ford's dream waterfront? Ferris wheel, monorail and a boat-in hotel". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- Towhey & Schneller 2015.
- "Rob Ford friend Sandro Lisi has long history of violence, threats and dirty tricks". Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- "Police Chief Bill Blair rejects Doug Ford's apology". CBC News. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- "Police Chief Bill Blair accepts apology from Doug Ford for 'tirade'". CBC News. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- Simpson, Connor (May 25, 2013). "Is Toronto City Councillor Doug Ford, Rob's Brother, a Former Hash Dealer?". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- McArthur, Greg (May 25, 2013). "Globe investigation: The Ford family's history with drug dealing". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- "Doug Ford: Drug Dealing Allegations 'Disgusting'". HuffPost. May 25, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- Mehta, Diana; Campbell, Will (May 26, 2013). "Doug Ford denies Globe report that he dealt hashish in 80s". Maclean's. The Canadian Press. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- "Star and Globe defend their Rob and Doug Ford stories". CBC News. September 9, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2018.
- "Updated: Ontario Press Council rules Star, Globe Rob Ford stories ethical - JSource". October 16, 2013.
- White, Patrick (September 12, 2014). "Can Doug Ford win Toronto's mayoral race?". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
- Prestwich, Emma (March 13, 2018). "Doug Ford Sure Disliked A Lot of Questions in This CBC Interview". HuffPost. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- "Etobicoke home for developmentally disabled youth under fire from residents, Councillor Doug Ford 'You've ruined the community': Ford tells Griffin Centre staff at raucous community meeting". toronto.com. May 16, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- Peat, Don (June 12, 2013). "Doug Ford says he won't run for council in 2014". Toronto Sun.
- Di Matteo, Enzo (August 1, 2013). "The real fight in Etobicoke". Now. Toronto, Ontario. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Councillor Doug Ford will not run in provincial election". Toronto Star. February 20, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
- Peat, Don (May 6, 2014). "Doug Ford won't rule out running for mayor". Toronto Sun.
- "Rob Ford drops out of mayoral race, Doug Ford running in his place". The Globe and Mail. September 12, 2014.
- Caruana et al. 2018, p. 235.
- Anderson et al. 2015, p. 24.
- Anderson et al. 2015, p. 23.
- "Comedian John Oliver begs Toronto to vote for Doug Ford". CityNews Toronto. October 27, 2014. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- "Ford facing $11,950 fine over illegal signs, Chow and Tory on hook for lesser amounts". Retrieved October 30, 2014.
- "Doug Ford says Ontario PC leadership bid is 'on the table'". The Globe and Mail. October 28, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
- "Doug Ford won't enter race for Ontario PC leadership". Toronto Star. November 27, 2014. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
- Freeman, Joshua (December 8, 2016). "Integrity commissioner finds Doug Ford improperly used influence as a councillor".
- Pagliaro, Jennifer (December 8, 2016). "Former councillor Doug Ford improperly used political influence to assist clients at city hall". Toronto Star.
- Rider, David (September 8, 2017). "Doug Ford will run for mayor in 2018 rematch". Toronto Star.
- Gee, Marcus (November 12, 2017). "The return of Ford Nation". The Globe and Mail.
- Rider, David (February 1, 2018). "Doug Ford abandons plans for mayoral election rematch, puts 'pedal to the metal' in Ontario PC leadership race". Toronto Star. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
- Draaisma, Muriel (January 29, 2018). "Doug Ford says he will run in Ontario PC leadership race". CBC News. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- Benzie, Robert (January 29, 2018). "Doug Ford seeks Conservative leadership amid party turmoil". Toronto Star. Retrieved January 29, 2018.
- "Ford to seek nomination for Etobicoke North". Toronto Sun. Postmedia News. January 31, 2018. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- "Doug Ford named new Ontario PC leader". CTVnews.ca. Canadian Press. March 10, 2018.
- Moodie, Jim (February 28, 2018). "'I love Sudbury', Doug Ford says". Sudbury Star. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
- Brownlee, Alison (February 27, 2018). "PC leader hopeful Doug Ford wades into Muskoka hospital debate". Huntsville Forester. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
- Grenier, Éric (February 26, 2018). "Ontario PCs can win in Toronto with Doug Ford — and probably without him". CBC News. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- "Doug Ford to be acclaimed Etobicoke North Ontario PC Candidate". CBC News. March 27, 2018. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- Jeffords, Shawn; Loriggio, Paola (March 28, 2018). "Ontario budget 2018: Liberals run deficit, introduce new spending in pre-election budget". Global News. Canadian Press. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Watt, Jamie (April 1, 2018). "Veering left is right for Kathleen Wynne". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Scotti, Monique (March 12, 2018). "From sex-ed to a carbon tax: Here's where Doug Ford stands on big issues". Global News. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Follert, Jillian (March 25, 2018). "Doug Ford said he will cut red tape to revive Ontario manufacturing jobs". Toronto Star. Retrieved March 28, 2018.
- Giovannetti, Justin (March 13, 2018). "Doug Ford readies agenda, with eye to expanding pot, alcohol sales and dropping foreign buyers' real estate tax". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
- "5 things to know about new Ontario Tory leader Doug Ford". CBC News. The Canadian Press. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- Lucs, Ieva (February 13, 2018). "Ontario PC leadership hopeful Doug Ford vows to review province's sex-ed curriculum". CBC News.
- Fitzpatrick, Meagan (February 14, 2018). "Ontario sex ed curriculum at issue in PC leadership race". CBC News.
- "Doug Ford says 'we've got to consult parents' when it comes to minors' access to abortion". CBC News. March 5, 2018.
Ontario Progressive Conservative leadership hopeful Doug Ford has taken the controversial step of reopening the abortion debate, suggesting that parents of minors should be consulted before they can access the procedure.
- Ferguson, Rob (March 5, 2018). "PC leadership candidate Doug Ford opens controversial abortion debate". Toronto Star. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- "Ontario PC leader plans to be in Northwestern Ontario early next week". Kenora Daily Miner and News. April 5, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- "Progressive Conservatives outline plan for northern Ontario". CBC News. March 16, 2018. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- "A bulldozer is not a plan". The Chronicle-Journal. March 21, 2018. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- Dreschel, Andrew (April 4, 2018). "City can spend LRT money on other projects, Ford says". Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Craggs, Samantha (April 6, 2018). "Doug Ford's $1.3B Hamilton campaign promise means more wild times for LRT: mayor". CBC News. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Grenier, Éric (April 6, 2018). "With nine weeks to go, the Ontario election is Doug Ford's to lose". CBC News. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Crawley, Mike (April 7, 2018). "11 Liberals won't run in Ontario election, and that's a problem for Kathleen Wynne". CBC News. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Raza, Ali (May 24, 2018). "Hazel McCallion endorses PC Leader Doug Ford and Liberal Finance Minister Charles Sousa". mississauga.com.
- Kassam, Ashifa (April 30, 2018). "Canada's Trump moment? Doug Ford rises in conservative party". The Guardian. Toronto. Retrieved June 2, 2018.
- Porter, Catherine (June 2, 2018). "Will a Canadian Donald Trump Become Ontario's Leader?". The New York Times. Retrieved June 2, 2018.
- Dehaas, Josh (May 12, 2018). "Doug Ford doesn't like Trump comparison but praises his policies". CTV News. Retrieved June 2, 2018.
- Artuso, Antonella (June 8, 2018). "Doug Ford wins majority with promise to fix Ontario". Toronto Sun. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
- "Unofficial Election Results: Etobicoke North". Elections Ontario. Archived from the original on June 22, 2018. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- Hutton, Deb. "COMMENTARY: Doug Ford tapped into Ontario's overwhelming desire for change". Global News. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
- Benzie, Robert; Ferguson, Rob; Rushowy, Kristin (June 29, 2018). "Doug Ford sworn in as Ontario premier". Toronto Star. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- "For 1st time since Doug Ford elected, Ontario Legislature sits". CBC News.
- Benzie, Robert (July 6, 2018). "Ford rewards key Tory adviser with $348K patronage job to curb hospital overcrowding". Toronto Star.
- "Every program Doug Ford's PCs have already cancelled or 'held' since being elected". dailyhive.com. July 10, 2018.
- "Ford government scraps controversial Ontario sex-ed curriculum" – via The Globe and Mail.
- "What has Doug Ford done so far?" – via Toronto Life.
- "Ontario Cancelling Outdated, Ineffective Drive Clean Program".
- McClenaghan, Theresa; Lindgren, Richard D. (December 7, 2018), "Deregulation Redux: Ontario's Environmental Laws under Attack (Again)", Canadian Environmental Law Association (CELA), retrieved December 10, 2018
- "Premier Doug Ford Announces the End of the Cap-and-Trade Carbon Tax Era in Ontario". news.ontario.ca (Press release). July 3, 2018.
- Kassam, Ashifa (July 3, 2018). "Doug Ford scraps carbon tax plan and sets up climate fight with Trudeau". The Guardian (UK). Toronto, Ontario. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
Decision to end program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions puts Ontario in line for showdown with federal government
- Crawley, Mike (July 6, 2018). "What the carbon pricing future looks like in Doug Ford's Ontario". CBC News. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- Stone, Laura (November 15, 2018). "Ontario Tories promise low-income tax cut, scale back political fundraising rules in first fiscal outlook". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- Rieti, John (July 3, 2018). "Doug Ford is officially ending Ontario's cap-and-trade plan, but what's next?". CBC News. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- "Canadian federation is fractured, New Brunswick's rookie premier says | Globalnews.ca". CBC. Global News. December 21, 2018.
- "Doug Ford, Andrew Scheer join forces against carbon tax | CBC News". CBC. CBC. October 30, 2018.
- Rubin, Josh (July 17, 2019). "Doug Ford said gas would get more expensive because of the carbon tax — but it's still cheaper now than it was a year ago". Welland Tribune. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- "PC Leader Doug Ford pledges to cut hydro bills by 12% if elected | CBC News". CBC.
- "Plan For The People". Ontario PC Party. nd.
- Giovannetti, Justin (April 27, 2018). "Doug Ford promises 12-per-cent cut to Ontario hydro rates but doesn't say how Tories would replace lost revenue". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- "Ontario PC Leader Doug Ford renews attack on Hydro One CEO and board". CBC News. April 19, 2018. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
- Jeffords, Shawn (April 12, 2018). "Doug Ford's Pledge To Fire Hydro One CEO, Board Would Cost $10.7M". Huffington Post. Canadian Press. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
- "Doug Ford government moves to take greater control of Hydro One executive salaries". Financial Post. July 16, 2018.
- Giovannetti, Justin (July 11, 2018). "Hydro One board, CEO Mayo Schmidt step aside, bow to pressure from Ontario Premier Doug Ford". Retrieved December 9, 2018 – via The Globe and Mail.
- "Doug Ford's government forces out Hydro One '$6-million man' | CBC News". CBC.
- Chediak, Mark; Wingrove, Josh (December 5, 2018). "Avista Falls as 'Political' Risk Foils $3 Billion Hydro One Deal". Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- Herhalt, Chris (December 6, 2018). "Hydro One could have to pay $138M 'break fee' after regulator blocks U.S. deal". CP24. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- Benzie, Robert (December 6, 2018). "Premier Doug Ford says he's not to blame after U.S. regulator zaps Hydro One takeover of Avista". Toronto Star. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- "A Plan for the People — 2018 Ontario Economic Outlook and Fiscal Review, Background Papers" (PDF). Ontario Economic Outlook and Fiscal Review. Ontario Ministry of Finance: 174. ISSN 1496-2829. Primary source
- Breen, Kerri (April 17, 2018). "Reality check: The math behind Doug Ford's minimum wage plan". Global News. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- Loriggio, Paola (September 26, 2018). "Ontario government to halt minimum wage hike set to kick in next year". The Canadian Press via CTV News. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- Jeffords, Shawn (December 7, 2018). "New PC bill could open Greenbelt to development, critics say". Toronto, Ontario: CTV News via the Canadian Press. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- Rieti, John. "Ford's pro-business bill puts the Greenbelt at risk, Green Party says". CBC News. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- Bill 66 An Act to restore Ontario's competitiveness by amending or repealing certain Acts (PDF), December 6, 2018, retrieved December 9, 2018
- Gray, Jeff (December 7, 2018). "Ontario bill would open up Greenbelt, activists warn". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- "Tories defend Doug Ford's request for OPP van". The Toronto Star.
- Stone, Laura (December 13, 2018). "Former RCMP head Bob Paulson calls for review of hiring of Doug Ford's friend Ron Taverner as OPP commissioner". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- "Doug Ford gives health-adviser job to former PC party president − with $350,000 salary". The Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. July 6, 2018.
- "Conservatives appoint new OPP commissioner five days after Ron Taverner withdraws". National Post. March 11, 2019. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Benzie, Robert (June 20, 2019). "Ford doles out political patronage plums to allies". The Toronto Star. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- Stone, Laura (July 10, 2019). "Committee chair resigns after ties revealed to Ford's ex-chief of staff Dean French". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Paikin, Steve (July 8, 2019). "It's time for some straight talk about patronage appointments". TVO. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Stone, Laura (June 25, 2019). "Premier Ford to review government appointments after new Dean French ties revealed". The Globe and Mail.
- Lilly, Brian (June 27, 2019). "Dean French appointments were a bad example, nothing more". Toronto Sun. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Walsh, Marieke (June 26, 2019). "Dean French helped get former lacrosse player government job: source". iPolitics. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Ferguson, Rob (July 5, 2019). "Ontario government tight-lipped on severance for fired senior bureaucrat". The Toronto Star. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
- Ferguson, Rob (July 4, 2019). "Liberals call on Ford to request ethics investigation into appointments". The Toronto Star.
- "WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 – 11 March 2020". World Health Organization. March 11, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- "Coronavirus disease 2019". World Health Organization. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
- Ho, Solarina (January 27, 2020). "Canada's second confirmed presumptive case of coronavirus diagnosed in Canada; first case confirmed". CTV News. Archived from the original on January 27, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
- Rodrigues, Gabby (March 17, 2020). "Ontario government declares state of emergency amid coronavirus pandemic". Global News. Corus Entertainment. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- "1st death confirmed in Ontario as province declares state of emergency over COVID-19 | CBC News". Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- Pelley, Lauren (March 17, 2020). "Toronto waking up to new reality amid 'evidence' of COVID-19 community spread". Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
- "Ontario schools will not reopen April 6, premier says". March 23, 2020. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
- "COVID-19: Ontario and Quebec order non-essential businesses closed after spike in coronavirus totals". March 23, 2020. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
- "Ford says list of essential businesses amid COVID-19 pandemic is 'adjustable'". CTV News Toronto. March 24, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2020.
- "Ontario government releases list of essential workplaces that can remain open". CBC News. March 23, 2020. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
- "Ontario orders all non-essential businesses to shut down". CTV News Toronto. March 23, 2020. Retrieved March 23, 2020.
- "Ontario introduces $17B COVID-19 package; more than doubles deficit in fiscal update". cbc.ca. March 25, 2020.
- Peat, Don (September 22, 2014). "Doug Ford's 13 campaign promises". Toronto Sun.
- De Roche, Gabe (May 2, 2018). "Just how 'pro-business' is Doug Ford, really?". Maclean's. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- "Ontario government to challenge federal carbon tax plan in court". Global News.
- Bickis, Ian (July 13, 2018). "End of Ontario electric vehicle rebate program expected to hit sales". CTV News. The Canadian Press.
- "Doug Ford Cancels Electric Car Rebate So He Can Lower Gas Prices". Huffington Post. July 12, 2018.
- "Ontario's Basic Income Pilot Project Has An End Date". HuffPost Canada. September 4, 2018.
- "Ford wants to find $6B worth of 'efficiencies' without cutting jobs — is that even possible?". National Post. May 28, 2018.
- "Reevely: Five-week audit to sort out government finances, Ford announces". Ottawa Citizen. July 18, 2018.
- "Premier Doug Ford opposes ban on handgun sales in Toronto | The Star". The Star.
- "Doug Ford promises to add long-term care beds, speaks out against supervised injection sites | Globalnews.ca". Global News. April 20, 2018.
- "PCs promise $98M per year to help low-income seniors get dental care | CBC News". CBC. CBC. May 12, 2018.
- "Ontario government says it has an interim sex-ed curriculum elementary teachers must follow | CBC News". CBC.
- "Consultations on school curriculum will be about more than just sex ed, Ford promises | The Star". thestar.com. The Star.
- "Here are the 5 promises Doug Ford will likely tackle first in Ontario | CBC News". CBC.
- "Doug Ford government scraps sex-ed curriculum for September". Daily Xtra. July 11, 2018.
- "Doug Ford on Twitter". Twitter.
- "Doug Ford says 'discovery math' is hurting Ontario students' grades. Should it be scrapped?". Global News.
- "Everything Doug Ford's PCs cancelled, changed and introduced since being elected". Daily Hive. August 16, 2018.
- "Doug Ford says Ontario postsecondary schools will require free-speech policies". The Globe and Mail. August 16, 2018.
- Syed, Fatima (June 7, 2019). "Here's everything the Doug Ford government cut in its first year in office". National Observer. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
- "Doug Ford praises his own record and dodges accusation of 'meddling' in democracy". National Observer. August 20, 2018.
- "Doug Ford promises to keep Pickering nuclear plant open until 2024 | CBC News". CBC.
- Loriggio, Paola (December 20, 2018). "Ontario government passes bill to prevent strike or lockout at OPG | Globalnews.ca". Global News.
- "Ontario Announces Cannabis Retail Model". news.ontario.ca. Government of Ontario.
- "Doug Ford delivers 'buck-a-beer', but corner stores will have to wait | The Star". thestar.com. The Star.
- "Change your stance on overdose prevention sites, health groups urge Ford | CBC News". CBC.
Billy Eff (January 23, 2019). "Doug Ford's Influencer Daughter Promoted Illegal Cannabis Oil on Instagram". Vice News. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
The Ontario premier has been clear on one thing: all illegal vendors and unauthorized stores will be severely punished, with fines ranging from $ 100,000 to $ 500,000.
Emma Paling (January 22, 2019). "Kyla Ford Promotes Black Market Cannabis Oils On Instagram". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
Dean French allegedly said that he wanted to see 'people in handcuffs ... on CP24 by lunch.'
Casey Aonso (January 23, 2019). "9 Things To Know About Kyla Ford, Doug Ford's IG Famous Daughter". Narcity. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
Kyla Ford had to delete a sponsored post on her Instagram feed after Ontarians realized she was promoting a black market cannabis product.
"Evening Brief: Taking heat over Huawei". iPolitics.ca. January 23, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
Still with failing to grasp, we turn to Kyla Ford, daughter of Premier Doug, who has been busy promoting CBD oil on her Instagram. The problem? It’s illegal.
"Doug Ford's daughter Kyla was promoting CBD on Instagram: here's why that illegal". Regina Leader-Post. January 23, 2019. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
According to the Canadian government, hemp-based CBD products are not legal in Canada unless they come from a licensed producer—despite the proliferation of social media users hawking CBD products from companies like Bodhi Naturals and Hempworx.
Harrison Jordan (January 23, 2019). "Did Doug Ford's Daughter Break The Law by Promoting Illicit CBD Oil?". Leafly. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
The brand, Bodhi Naturals, does not appear on Health Canada’s list of licensed commercial producers of cannabis, and it appears that the company sells products such as oils and capsules on its website to Canadians without a prescription.
- "Ontario launching constitutional challenge of federal carbon tax plan". The Globe and Mail.
- "Premier Doug Ford defies court, vows to override Toronto council-cuts ruling". The Globe and Mail.
- "Ontario Moves Forward On Taking Over Toronto's Subways". HuffPost Canada. August 31, 2018.
- "Ford says ending the 'war on cars' a top priority | CTV News Toronto". CTV News. May 19, 2012.
- "Ford says he'll reduce gas prices by 10 cents per litre by cutting cap-and-trade, fuel tax | CBC News". CBC. May 16, 2018.
- "Doug Ford once branded himself Toronto's 'co-mayor.' What did he and brother Rob accomplish at City Hall? | National Post". National Post. May 25, 2018.
- "Doug Ford, Andrew Scheer join forces against carbon tax | CBC News". CBC. October 30, 2018.
- "Video: Doug Ford says his support of Donald Trump is unwavering - Video - CityNews Toronto". City News.
- "'Totally unacceptable:' Doug Ford slams Trump over aluminum tariffs". Global News. August 7, 2020.
- Davidson, Terry (April 27, 2011). "Mayor's niece trying out for lingerie football". Toronto Sun.
- Diebel, Linda (October 24, 2014). "Mayoral candidate Doug Ford's cozy domestic side". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- Matlow, Josh (May 15, 2011). "City Hall Diary: Council's newcomers may surprise you". Toronto Star. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- "Five things we learned about Doug Ford from Saturday's Globe and Mail". Toronto Life. June 13, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
- Alcoba, Natalie (January 16, 2012). "Toronto's Rob and Doug Ford's weight loss campaign: The brothers kick off their public diet". National Post. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
"Their goal: shed 50 pounds each in six months by cutting out late night eating and exercising regularly. That would bring the Mayor’s current 5’10” and 330 pound frame to 280 pounds, and whittle 5’11” Doug Ford from 275 to 225 pounds." (This would make Doug Ford's BMI 38.4.)
- Wente, Margaret (June 8, 2018). "The barbarian has stormed Ontario's gates". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
He is unfashionably overweight, as was his late brother, Rob, the former mayor of Toronto.
- Burgess, Steve (March 12, 2018). "Please Advise! Doug Ford? Doug Freaking Ford?". The Tyee. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
- Zimonjic, Peter; Starr, Katharine (November 22, 2016). "Doug Ford touts 'the true story' about Rob Ford's tumultuous career in new book". CBC News. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- "What happens when Doug Ford and Jagmeet Singh go on a blind date?". Toronto Star. November 14, 2017. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
Ford, who has since announced his second mayoral run for 2018, has said he made a friend in Singh, who was then an Ontario MPP from Brampton.
- Toronto Star staff (November 15, 2017). "'He cycled on our date and then hopped into his BMW': Doug Ford and Jagmeet Singh rate their blind date". The Toronto Star. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- CBC News staff (December 17, 2014). "Rob Ford's family donates $90K to hospital treating his cancer". CBC News. Archived from the original on July 3, 2015. Retrieved May 10, 2018.
- Janus, Andrea (June 5, 2018). "Doug Ford calls allegations in sister-in-law's lawsuit 'false and without merit'". CBC News. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
- Donovan, Kevin (June 4, 2018). "Rob Ford's widow sues Doug Ford, alleging he has deprived her and her children of millions". Toronto Star. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- Wallace, James (June 4, 2018). "Doug Ford embroiled in family feud over brother's estate". Toronto Sun. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
- "Premier Doug Ford pays tribute to mother Diane Ford after she dies from cancer". Global News. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
- Canada, P. M. N. (January 11, 2020). "Community and family pay tribute at funeral for Diane Ford, Doug Ford's mother | National Post". Retrieved January 12, 2020.
- "Diane Ford, mother of Premier Doug Ford and late Toronto mayor Rob Ford, has died at 85 | The Star". thestar.com. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
- "Diane Ford, matriarch of the family's political dynasty". Retrieved January 12, 2020.
- "Diane Ford dies at 85 after battle with cancer, Ontario premier's office confirms". CBC News. January 5, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2020.
- Toronto City Clerk's Office (October 30, 2014). "Declaration of Results - 2014 Municipal General Election - Monday, October 27, 2014" (PDF). City of Toronto. Archived (PDF) from the original on July 5, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- "Summary of Valid Votes Cast for each Candidate" (PDF). Elections Ontario. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
- Anderson, Cameron D.; McGregor, R. Michael; Moore, Aaron A.; Stephenson, Laura B. (December 6, 2015). "Economic Voting and Multilevel Governance: The Case of Toronto" (PDF). Urban Affairs Review. 53 (1): 71–101. doi:10.1177/1078087415617302.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Caruana, Nicholas J.; McGregor, R. Michael; Moore, Aaron A.; Stephenson, Laura B. (March 2018). "Voting 'Ford' or Against: Understanding Strategic Voting in the 2014 Toronto Municipal Election" (PDF). Social Science Quarterly. 99 (1): 231–245. doi:10.1111/ssqu.12359.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Doolittle, Robyn (2014). Crazy Town: The Rob Ford Story. Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-06811-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Ford, Rob; Ford, Doug (2016). Ford nation: two brothers, one vision: the true story of the people's mayor. HarperCollins. ISBN 9781443451758.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Towhey, Mark; Schneller, Johanna (2015). Mayor Rob Ford: Uncontrollable: How I Tried to Help the World's Most Notorious Mayor. Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-63450-048-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- McDonald, Marci (2012). "The Incredible Shrinking Mayor". Toronto Life (May 2012): 40–54.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Doug Ford.|
- Official website
- Doug Ford for Mayor – 2014 Toronto Mayoral Collection – Web archive created by the University of Toronto Libraries