19 November 1909
|Died||February 3, 1999 (aged 89)|
Dorothy Middleton (9 November 1909 – 3 February 1999) was a writer and geographer who held several roles at the Royal Geographical Society. Her best-known work is Victorian Lady Travellers (1965).
Dorothy Butler was born on 9 November 1909 to Montagu Sherard Dawes Butler and Anne Gertrude Smith, in Lahore, India, where her father was Deputy Commissioner. She moved to Cambridge, when her father retired and became master of Pembroke College. On 30 April 1938, she married Laurence Henry Neave Middleton, a lawyer, and the Middletons settled in Chelsea, London.
In the 1950s, Middleton was introduced by John Murray to some letters written by Isabella Bird. From this, Middleton's interest in women travellers grew, resulting in the book Victorian Lady Travellers (1965) along with contributions to the Dictionary of National Biography and lectures around Britain. She published Lugard in Africa jointly with A. A. Thomson (1959), and edited a reprint of The Art of Travel by Francis Galton (1971).
Middleton held a number of roles at the Royal Geographical Society, at a time when this was still a male preserve. She was assistant editor of The Geographical Journal for twenty years, became an Honorary Fellow in 1971 and an Honorary Vice-President in 1987.
- Middleton, Dorothy (1949). Baker of the Nile. London: The Falcon Press.
- Thomson, A. A.; Middleton, Dorothy (1959). Lugard in Africa. Hale.
- Middleton, Dorothy (1965). Victorian lady travellers. Routledge & K.Paul.
- Galton, Francis (1971). Middleton, Dorothy (ed.). The art of travel. David & Charles.
- Mead, W.R. (8 February 1999). "Obituary: Dorothy Middleton". The Independent. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
- Mead, W.R. "Middleton [née Butler], Dorothy". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/70780. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Mead, W.R. (July 1999). "Obituaries: Dorothy Middleton 1909-1999". The Geographical Journal. 169 (2): 246–247. JSTOR 3060435.
- "The Family of Dorothy Butler". Kindred Britain. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- Hanbury-Tenison, Robin (May 1999). "Obituary: Dorothy Middleton". Geographical. 71 (5): 246–247. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- "Baker of the Nile". Royal Geographical Society. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- "Lugard in Africa". British Library. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- Victorian lady travellers. British Library. Routledge & KPaul. 1965. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
- Francis Galton's art of travel (1872). British Library. David & Charles. 1970. ISBN 9780715351390. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
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