Donald O'Connor in 1952
Donald David Dixon Ronald O'Connor
August 27, 1925
|Died||September 27, 2003 (aged 78)|
|Resting place||Forest Lawn Memorial Park|
|Education||Professional Children's School |
Hollywood Professional School
Danville High School
|Spouse(s)||Wives: Gwen Carter (m. 1944-1954); Gloria Noble (m. 1956-2003)|
Donald David Dixon Ronald O'Connor (August 27, 1925 – September 27, 2003) was an American actor, dancer, and singer. He came to fame in a series of films in which he co-starred alternately with Gloria Jean, Peggy Ryan, and Francis the Talking Mule.
His best-known works came in the film Singin' in the Rain (1952), for which O'Connor was awarded a Golden Globe. He also won a Primetime Emmy Award from four nominations and received two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame throughout his career.
Though he considered Danville, Illinois to be his hometown, O'Connor was the seventh child and born in St. Elizabeth Hospital in Chicago. His parents, Effie Irene (née Crane) and John Edward "Chuck" O'Connor, were vaudeville entertainers; she was a bareback rider and he was a circus strongman and acrobat. His father's family was from Ireland.
O'Connor later said, "I was about 13 months old, they tell me, when I first started dancing, and they'd hold me up by the back of my neck and they'd start the music, and I'd dance. You could do that with any kid, only I got paid for it." 
When O'Connor was only two years old, he and his sister Arlene, who was seven at the time, were in a car crash outside a theater in Hartford, Connecticut; O'Connor survived, but his sister did not. A few weeks later, his father died of a heart attack while dancing on stage in Brockton, Massachusetts. His brother Billy died a decade later from Scarlet Fever and his eldest sibling Jack died from alcoholism in 1959. His three other siblings died during childbirth. O'Connor said it "marred my childhood and it's still haunting."
O'Connor's mother was extremely possessive of her youngest son, not allowing him to cross the street on his own until he turned 13 and a typical stagemother, often striking him.
O'Connor later said regarding Effie, "She wanted me to be as great as I possibly could be. She did her best."
O'Connor joined a dance act with his mother and elder brother Jack. They were billed as the O'Connor Family, the Royal Family of Vaudeville. They toured the country doing singing, dancing, comedy, and acting. "Our entire family composed an act", he says. "We really didn't have a choice; if you were in the family you appeared in the act. I loved vaudeville. The live audiences created a certain spontaneity."
When they did not tour they stayed with O'Connor's Uncle Bill in Danville, Illinois. O'Connor never went to school.
He later said, "I learned two dance routines. I looked like the world's greatest dancer. I did triple wings and everything. But I had never had any formal training. So, when I went into movies and started working with all those great dancers, I had a terrible time. I couldn't pick up routines because I didn't have any formal training. At the age of 15 -- from 15 on, I really had to learn to dance. And that's quite old for someone to start dancing real heavy, professionally."
O'Connor signed a contract at Paramount. He appeared in Men with Wings (1938), directed by William Wellman, as Fred MacMurray's character as a boy. He was billed fifth in Sing You Sinners (1938) playing Bing Crosby's younger brother.
He was in Sons of the Legion (1938), then had the lead in a B-picture, Tom Sawyer, Detective (1938), playing Huckleberry Finn opposite Billy Cook's Tom Sawyer. O'Connor third billed in both Boy Trouble (1939) and Unmarried (1939), playing John Hartley as a young boy in the latter.
In 1941, O'Connor signed with Universal Pictures for $200 a week, where he began with What's Cookin'? (1942), a B-level with The Andrews Sisters, Gloria Jean and Peggy Ryan. The film was popular and Universal began to develop O'Connor and Ryan as their version of Mickey Rooney and Judy Garland.
He, Ryan and the Andrews Sisters were in Private Buckaroo (1942) and Give Out, Sisters (1942), then he, Ryan, Jean and Jane Frazee were in Get Hep to Love (1942) and When Johnny Comes Marching Home (1942). He made It Comes Up Love (1942) with Jean but without Ryan.
O'Connor, Jean and Ryan were in Mister Big (1943). Before this film was released, O'Connor's popularity soared. Universal added $50,000 in musical numbers to the film and promoted the "B" movie to "A" status.
During World War II, on his 18th birthday in August 1943, O'Connor was drafted into the United States Army. Before he reported for induction on February 6, 1944, Universal already had four O'Connor films completed. They rushed production to complete four more by that date, all with Ryan: This Is the Life (1944), with Foster; The Merry Monahans (1944), with Blyth and Jack Oakie; Bowery to Broadway (1945), another all-star effort where O'Connor had a cameo; and Patrick the Great (1945).
With a backlog of seven features, deferred openings kept O'Connor's screen presence uninterrupted during the two years he was overseas in the Air Corps. Later moved to Special Unit in the Air Corps.
Return from war service
Universal did not know what to do with their teen star turned young adult for one year. O'Connor was almost broke. A merger in 1946 had reorganized the studio as Universal-International. The studio paired O'Connor opposite their biggest female star, Deanna Durbin, in Something in the Wind (1947).
"I wasn't really a dancer, a good dancer, until I got older," he said later. "I could do those wings and stuff and I looked very good, but my heavens it was very, very hard for me to pick up on -- pick up steps. It was just oh -- so laborious for me. I didn't have a short cut like the other dancers do."
In 1949, O'Connor played the lead role in Francis, the story of a soldier befriended by a talking mule. Directed by Arthur Lubin, the film was a huge success. As a consequence, his musical career was constantly interrupted by production of one Francis film per year until 1955. O'Connor later said the films "were fun to make. Actually, they were quite challenging. I had to play straight in order to convince the audience that the mule could talk."
Singin' in the Rain
O'Connor received an offer to play Cosmo the piano player in Singin' in the Rain (1952) at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. This earned him a Golden Globe Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Comedy or Musical. The film featured his widely known rendition of "Make 'Em Laugh," completely improvised. O'Connor composed the music for the famous scene at the last minute.
O'Connor said " all hoofers, they dance from the waist down. And I had to learn to dance from the waist up. And then, I became what's known as a total dancer."
O'Connor said he was forced to go to the hospital during the production of Singin' in the Rain due to injuries and exhaustion.
"The scene was building to such a crescendo, I thought I'd actually have to kill myself," said O'Connor. 
In 1952 O'Connor signed a three-picture deal with Paramount.
He began appearing regularly on television. One review in 1952 called him "1952' new star. Movie bred, he has the versatility of a Jimmy Durante and the effervescence of youth. He can dance, he can sing, he can act, and he can spout humour, but not yet with the finesse of a veteran."
He did Francis Joins the WACS (1954) then played Tim Donahue in the 20th Century Fox all-star musical There's No Business Like Show Business (1954), which featured Irving Berlin's music and also starred with Ethel Merman, Marilyn Monroe (O'Connor's on screen love interest), Dan Dailey, Mitzi Gaynor and Johnnie Ray.
He was meant to play Bing Crosby's partner in White Christmas (1954). O'Connor was unavailable because he contracted an illness transmitted by the mule,[dubious ]and was replaced in the film by Danny Kaye.
He emceed the 1954 Oscars.
The Donald O'Connor Show
O'Connor was reluctant to keep making Francis films but agreed to Francis in the Navy (1955). Arthur Lubin who directed the films later recalled that O'Connor "got very difficult" to work with after a while. "He'd sit in his dressing room and stare into space, and I think he had problems at home."
The Brussels Symphony Orchestra recorded some of his work, and in 1956 he conducted the Los Angeles Philharmonic in a performance of his first symphony, Reflections d'Un Comique.
He hosted a color television special on NBC in 1957, one of the earliest color programs to be preserved on a color kinescope; an excerpt of the telecast was included in NBC's 50th anniversary special in 1976.
He subsequently focused on theatre work and his nightclub act, performing in Las Vegas. He returned to Universal for the first time in ten years to make the Sandra Dee comedy That Funny Feeling (1965).
In 1968, O'Connor hosted a syndicated talk show also called The Donald O'Connor Show. The program was cancelled due to the dancer becoming "too political." The jokes were often seen as offensive. O'Connor was reprimanded by the studio.
O'Connor claimed to have overcome his depression after being hospitalized for three months after collapsing in 1978. He wrote letters to his friends and family explaining that his life had "completely changed." The dancer was paralyzed from the waist down but recovered by way of physical therapy. The letters detail the lives of other patients, particularly a 30 year old man who was completely immobilized.
"I won't take anything I have for granted again," written in each letter.
O'Connor credited the patients he met and thanked God for allowing him to recover.
He was Cap'n Andy in a short-lived Broadway revival of Show Boat (1983) and continued to tour in various shows and acts.
"I've been on the road forever," he said in 1985, adding "I'd consider another movie or a TV series, but I won't play an old man. Art Carney is about my age and he's making a career out of being old. I'm still singing and dancing. I'm not ready to be old." 
O'Connor guest starred on The Littlest Hobo, Fantasy Island, Simon & Simon, Hotel, Alice in Wonderland, The Love Boat, and Highway to Heaven, and was in the films Pandemonium (1982), A Mouse, a Mystery and Me (1988), and A Time to Remember (1988).
He bought a theatre, the Donald O'Connor Theatre, and would perform in it with his children. In a 1989 interview he said "There's an element out there that wants to be entertained-and they can't find this kind of thing I do. And yeah, I think I wear well. I sing, I dance, I do comedy. I'm not threatening. When you grow up in a circus family, the more things you learn, the more you get paid. So I can do straight comedy without the song and dance; I can do all kinds of combinations. Whatever's in at the time, I can fit into."
He developed heart trouble and underwent successful quadruple-bypass surgery in 1990.
In 1992 he said, "I never wanted to be a superstar. I'm working on being a quasar, because stars wear out. Quasars go on forever... I look for the parts where I die and they talk about me for the rest of the movie."
O'Connor's last feature film was the Jack Lemmon-Walter Matthau comedy Out to Sea, in which he played a dance host on a cruise ship. O'Connor was still making public appearances well into 2003. He said he went on the road "about 32 weeks a year. I do my concert work and I do night clubs and that kind of stuff. So I don't dance much any more, but I do enough to show people I can still move my legs."
The most distinctive characteristic of O'Connor's dancing style was its athleticism, for which he had few rivals. Yet it was his boyish charm that audiences found most engaging, and which remained an appealing aspect of his personality throughout his career. In his early Universal films, O'Connor closely mimicked the smart alec, fast-talking personality of Mickey Rooney of rival MGM Studio. For Singin' in the Rain, however, MGM cultivated a much more sympathetic sidekick persona, and that remained O'Connor's signature image.
O'Connor was married once and had four children. His marriage was in 1947 to Gwendolyn Carter, when he was 21 and she was 20. They married in Tijuana. Together they adopted four children: Donna, Alicia, Frederick, and Kevin. The couple divorced in 1955. During the turbulent nine year marriage, there was physical abuse toward O'Connor brought on by Carter and her frustration over the lack of an acting career. Carter was given ownership of their home and won full custody of their children. According to reports at the time the couple split, O'Connor was left with only the dog and sought the help of multiple psychiatrists.
"I have 60 years of emotional turmoil under my belt," stated O'Connor.
Donald was honored with a retrospective at New York's Lincoln center and an honorary degree from Boston University. He chose to keep much of his philanthropy work private. Some of it includes work for the United States Army and Red Cross. He created the Donald O'Connor Alcoholism Counseling Scholarship.
O'Connor had undergone quadruple heart bypass surgery in 1990, and he nearly died from pleuralpneumonia in January 1998. He died from complications of heart failure on September 27, 2003, at age 78 at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital, in Woodland Hills, California. His remains were cremated and buried at the Forest Lawn–Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles. His belongings were auctioned off and all proceeds were given to charity.
- Melody for Two (1937) as Specialty Act (uncredited)
- It Can't Last Forever (1937) as Kid Dancer (uncredited)
- Men with Wings (1938) as Pat Falconer at Age 10
- Sing You Sinners (1938) as Mike Beebe
- Sons of the Legion (1938) as Butch Baker
- Tom Sawyer, Detective (1938) as Huckleberry Finn
- Boy Trouble (1939) as Butch
- Unmarried (1939) as Ted Streaver (age 12)
- Million Dollar Legs (1939) as Sticky Boone
- Beau Geste (1939) as Beau Geste (as a child)
- Night Work (1939) as Butch Smiley
- Death of a Champion (1939) as Small Fry
- On Your Toes (1939) as Phil Jr. as a Boy
- What's Cookin'? (1942) as Tommy
- Private Buckaroo (1942) as Donny
- Give Out, Sisters (1942) as Don
- Get Hep to Love (1942) as Jimmy Arnold
- When Johnny Comes Marching Home (1942) as Frankie Flanagan
- It Comes Up Love (1943) as Ricky Ives
- Mister Big (1943) as Donald J. O'Connor, Esq.
- Top Man (1943) as Don Warren
- Chip Off the Old Block (1944) as Donald Corrigan
- Follow the Boys (1944) as Donald O'Connor
- This Is the Life (1944) as Jimmy Plum
- The Merry Monahans (1944) as Jimmy Monahan
- Bowery to Broadway (1944) as Specialty Number #1
- Patrick the Great (1945) as Pat Donahue Jr.
- Something in the Wind (1947) as Charlie Read
- Are You With It? (1948) as Milton Haskins
- Feudin', Fussin', and A-Fightin' (1948) as Wilbur McMurty
- Screen Snapshots: Motion Picture Mothers, Inc. (1949, Short) as Himself
- Yes Sir That's My Baby (1949) as William Waldo Winfield
- Francis (1950) as Peter Stirling
- Curtain Call at Cactus Creek (1950) as Edward Timmons
- The Milkman (1950) as Roger Bradley
- Double Crossbones (1951) as Davey Crandall
- Francis Goes to the Races (1951) as Peter Stirling
- Singin' in the Rain (1952) as Cosmo Brown
- Francis Goes to West Point (1952) as Peter Stirling
- I Love Melvin (1953) as Melvin Hoover
- Call Me Madam (1953) as Kenneth Gibson
- Francis Covers the Big Town (1953) as Peter Stirling
- Walking My Baby Back Home (1953) as Clarence 'Jigger' Millard
- Francis Joins the WACS (1954) as Peter Stirling
- There's No Business Like Show Business (1954) as Tim Donahue
- Francis in the Navy (1955) as Lt. Peter Stirling / Bosun's Mate Slicker Donovan
- Anything Goes (1956) as Ted Adams
- The Buster Keaton Story (1957) as Buster Keaton
- Cry for Happy (1961) as Murray Prince
- The Wonders of Aladdin (1961) as Aladdin
- That Funny Feeling (1965) as Harvey Granson
- Just One More Time (1974, Short) as Himself (uncredited)
- That's Entertainment! (1974) as Himself - Co-Host / Narrator / Clip from 'Singin' in the Rain'
- The Big Fix (1978) as Francis Joins the Navy
- Ragtime (1981) as Evelyn's Dance Instructor
- Pandemonium (1982) as Glenn's Dad
- A Time to Remember (1987) as Father Walsh
- Toys (1992) as Kenneth Zevo
- Father Frost (1996) as Baba Yaga
- Out to Sea (1997) as Jonathan Devereaux (final film role)
- The Milton Berle Show (producer) – 1948
- Colgate Comedy Hour – 1951–1954
- The Donald O'Connor Show – 19 episodes on NBC, 1954–55
- The Judy Garland Show (special guest) – episode 7, season 1 on CBS – September 29, 1963
- Petticoat Junction (director) – 1964
- Bell Telephone Hour – 1964–1966
- The Donald O'Connor Show – 1968
- The Carol Burnett Show - 2 appearances: December 29, 1969 (Season 3, Episode 12) and October 26, 1970 (Season 4, Episode 7)
- Ellery Queen – episode "The Comic Book Crusader" – October 2, 1975
- The Bionic Woman – episode "A Thing of the Past" (February 18, 1976)
- Police Story – September 21, 1976 (Season 4, Episode 1)
- Hunter – episode "The Costa Rican Connection" (March 18, 1977)
- Lucy Moves to NBC - (February 8, 1980)
- The Love Boat – 1981–1984
- Alice – "Guinness on Tap", as himself, 1982
- The Littlest Hobo – episode "The Clown" as Freddie the Clown, 1982
- Simon and Simon – episode "Grand Illusion" as Barnaby the Great, 1983
- Alice in Wonderland (1985 film) as The Lory Bird, 1985.
- Highway to Heaven episode "Playing for keeps" – 1987.
- Murder She Wrote episode (The Big Show of 1965) – 1990
- Tales from the Crypt – 1992
- The Building – 1993
- Frasier – episode "Crane vs. Crane" as Harlow Safford, 1996
- The Nanny – episode "Freida Needa Man" as Fred (1996)
- Little Me (1964; 1965; 1968; 1980)
- Promises, Promises (1972)
- Where's Charley? (1976)
- Weekend with Feathers (1976)
- Sugar (1979)
- Wally's Cafe (1980)
- Bring Back Birdie (1981)
- Say Hello to Harvey (1981)
- Show Boat (1982; 1983)
- I Ought to Be in Pictures (1982)
- How To Succeed In Business Without Really Trying (1985)
- Two for the Show (1989)
- Charley's Aunt (1989)
- The Sunshine Boys (1990)
- The Fabulous Palm Springs Follies (1998)
- "O'Connor, Donald David Dixon Ronald". Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives. Encyclopedia.com. 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
- Frank Cullen; Florence Hackman; Donald McNeilly (8 October 2006). Vaudeville, Old and New: An Encyclopedia of Variety Performers in America. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-93853-8.
- Current Biography Yearbook, Vol. 16. H.W. Wilson Co. 1955. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
- DONALD O'CONNOR Weekend All Things Considered; Washington, D.C. : 1. Washington, D.C.: NPR. (May 25, 1997)
- Richard Severo (29 September 2003). "Donald O'Connor, 78, Who Danced His Way Through Many Hollywood Musicals, Is Dead". The New York Times. NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
- DONALD O'CONNOR'S MUSICAL JOURNEY KEEPS HIM ON ROAD: [SPORTS FINAL, CN Edition] Dale, Steve. Chicago Tribune 20 Dec 1985: 50.
- The Life Story of DONALD O'CONNOR Picture Show; London Vol. 62, Iss. 1607 (January 16, 1954): 12.
- Chicago Born Donald O'Connor Is a Veteran of Stage and Films at 25 Zylstra, Freida. Chicago Daily Tribune 27 July 1950: c1.
- Obituaries: Donald O'Connor, 78, comic and dancer Anonymous. Back Stage; New York Vol. 44, Iss. 40, (Oct 3-Oct 9, 2003): 47.
- Zylstra, Freida. (July 25, 1950) "Chicago Born Donald O'Connor Is a Veteran of Stage and Films at 25" Chicago Daily Tribune
- DONALD O'CONNOR, MISS MAIN SET COMEDY PACE G K. Los Angeles Times 9 Aug 1948: 12.
- Donald O'Connor's musical Journey keeps him on road Dale, Steve. Chicago Tribune 20 Dec 1985: n_a50.
- "Drama: Howard Duff Will Soon Starr in 'Cave'". Los Angeles Times. 9 Feb 1951. p. B10.
- T, Teresa and Tracy Ann Murray, T 'n'. "Donald O'Connor Web Site".
- PARAMOUNT SIGNS DONALD O'CONNOR: Actor Will Make 3 Pictures for Studio -- Betty Hutton's Film May Be One of Them By THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. 24 Jan 1952: 23.
- YOUNG DONALD O'CONNOR MAKES GOOD IN VIDEO Chicago Daily Tribune 20 Apr 1952: e2.
- "Donald O'Connor interview - Mindy Aloff". Retrieved March 30, 2016.
- Donald O'Connor Enters Hospital Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 9 Aug 1953: 3.
- Donald O'Connor Named to Emcee Oscar Awards Chicago Daily Tribune 19 Feb 1954: a8.
- Donald O'Connor Scheduled for Another 'Francis' Film Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 18 Oct 1954: b16.
- Davis, Ronald L. (2005). Just Making Movies. University Press of Mississippi. p. 183.
- Obituary: Donald O'Connor: Dynamic dancer and comedian Bergan, Ronald. The Guardian 29 Sep 2003: 1.21.
- MOULIN ROUGE DATE: Donald O'Connor Joins Rush to L.A. Stage Scott, John L. Los Angeles Times 1 Mar 1959: f3.
- Donald O'Connor Billed at Sahara Scott, John L. Los Angeles Times 15 Aug 1966: c21.
- Donald O'Connor Returns to Universal Los Angeles Times 17 Aug 1965: C10.
- Donald O'Connor Stars in 'Little Me' Scott, John L. Los Angeles Times 19 Apr 1968: c18.
- Alex McNeil, Total Television, p. 231
- "Donald O'Connor by Susan M. Kelly".
- LAS VEGAS SCENE: Donald O'Connor in Dancing Shoes Again Scott, John L. Los Angeles Times 12 Apr 1973: g21.
- Donald O'Connor in Drama Role With Vince Edwards Los Angeles Times 3 July 1976: b4.
- DONALD O'CONNOR IN 'PICTURES', Los Angeles Times 12 Apr 1982: g3
- Donald O'Connor Keeps Studio City Theater in the Family-Literally: [Valley Edition] ARKATOV, JANICE. Los Angeles Times 3 Mar 1989: 28.
- Donald O'Connor, 78, Who Danced His Way Through Many Hollywood Musicals, Is Dead: [Obituary (Obit)] Severo, Richard. New York Times 29 Sep 2003: B.6.
- IN STEP WITH: Donald O'Connor Brady, James. The Washington Post 14 Mar 1993: AA16.
- "Palm Spring Walk of Stars". PalmSprings.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
- Donald O'Connor Weds Secretly New York Times 8 Feb 1944: 12.
- Donald O'Connor Divorced New York Times 17 June 1953: 32.
- Donald O'Connor to Marry New York Times 10 Oct 1956: 46.
- "Archives - Philly.com".
- Welkos, Robert W. (2003-09-28). "Donald O'Connor, 78; Entertainer Immortalized by 'Singin' in the Rain'". latimes.com. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- "The Littlest Hobo: The Clown". IMDb. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Donald O'Connor.|
- Donald O'Connor at the Internet Broadway Database
- Donald O'Connor on IMDb
- Mindy Alloff's 1979 interview with O'Connor
- Donald O'Connor on "The Colgate Comedy Hour" (1951-54) at Classic TV Info.
- Donald O'Connor on "Texaco Star Theater" (1954-55) at Classic TV Info.
- Donald O'Connor at Find a Grave