Divine law is any law that is perceived as deriving from a transcendent source, such as the will of God or gods, in contrast to man-made law. Divine laws are typically perceived as superior to man-made laws, sometimes due to an assumption that their source has resources beyond human knowledge and human reason. Believers in divine law might accord them greater authority, for example by assuming divine law cannot be changed by human authorities.
Divine laws are noted for their inflexibility. Divine laws are often perceived as beyond the authority of humans to change. The introduction of interpretation into divine law is a controversial issue, since believers place high significance on adhering to the law precisely. Opponents to the application of divine law typically deny that it is purely divine and point out human influences in the law. This element of human influence is understood as incorporating some degree of fallibility. These opponents characterize such laws as belonging to a particular cultural tradition. Adherents of divine law, on the other hand, are sometimes reluctant to adapt divine laws to cultural contexts.
Divine law are assumed to be transmitted through several mediums, most frequently through religious texts. Medieval Christianity assumed there to be three kinds of laws: divine law, natural law, and man-made law. Others, on the other hand, assume that natural law is a subset of divine law delivered through general revelation from a creator deity. Theologians have substantially debated the scope of natural law, with the Enlightenment encouraging greater use of reason and expanding the scope of natural law and marginalizing divine law in a process of secularization.[additional citation(s) needed] Some people may understand themselves as receiving guidance through prayer or conscience, although the moral authority of these methods of transmission are much lower.
In Thomas Aquinas's Treatise on Law, divine law comes only from revelation or scripture, hence biblical law, and is necessary for human salvation. According to Aquinas, divine law must not be confused with natural law. Divine law is mainly and mostly natural law, but it can also be positive law.
- Biblical law in Christianity
- Glossary of ancient Roman religion § ius divinum
- Law and religion
- Morality and religion
- Regulative principle of worship, debate over the scope of divine law in 17th-century English Christian practices
- Rule according to higher law
- Sharia, Islamic law
- Anghie, Antony (1996). "Francisco de Vitoria and the colonial origins of international law". Social & Legal Studies. SAGE. 5 (3): 321–336. doi:10.1177/096466399600500303. ISSN 0964-6639.
- Peters, Rudolph (1988). "Divine Law or Man-Made Law-Egypt and the Application of the Shari'a". Arab Law Quarterly. 3 (3): 231–253. doi:10.1163/157302588X00281.
- Chaniotis, Angelos (1996). "Conflicting authorities: Greek asylia between secular and divine law in the Classical and Hellenistic poleis" (PDF). Kernos. 9: 65-86.
- Molano, E. (2009). "Divine Law and Constitutional Canonical Law". Ius Canonicum. 49: 195-212.
- Weiss, Bernard (2010). The search for God's law : Islamic jurisprudence in the writings of Sayf al-Dīn al-Āmidi. Salt Lake City Herndon, Va: University Of Utah Press International Institute of Islamic Thought. ISBN 978-0-87480-938-1. OCLC 758391490.
- Canosa, J. (2009). The Efficacy of the Divine Law in the Administrative Justice in the Church. Ius Canonicum, 49, 549. https://heinonline.org/HOL/P?h=hein.journals/iuscan49&i=555
- Martinez, F. (2005). "La Superioridad Del Derecho Divino En El Pensamiento Pregracianeo: Una Vision De Las Colecciones Canonicas Medievales" [The Superiority of the Divine Law in Pre-Gratian Thought: A Perspective of the Medieval Canonical Collection]. Ius Canonicum (in Spanish). 45: 183ff.
- McCall, B. M. (2011). Consulting the Architect When Problems Arise-The Divine Law. Geo. JL & Pub. Pol'y, 9, 103.
- Rubin, A. P. (1992). International Law in the age of Columbus. Netherlands International Law Review, 39(1), 5-35.
- Rumble, W. E. (1979). Divine Law, Utilitarian Ethics, and Positivist Jurisprudence: A Study of the Legal Philosophy of John Austin. Am. J. Juris., 24, 139.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Divine law|