|Also known as:|
Jajahan (Collectivity) (Kelantan)
Bahagian (Division) (Sabah and Sarawak)
|Category||Second-level administrative division|
|Location||States of Malaysia|
87 with 3 cities (Peninsular)
1 city (Labuan) (as of 2020)
|Populations||Greatest: Petaling District, Selangor—1,812,633 (2010)|
Least: Pakan District, Sarawak—15,480 (2010)
|Areas||Largest: Kapit Division, Sarawak—38,934 km2 (15,033 sq mi)|
Smallest: Putatan District, Sabah—29.7 km2 (11.5 sq mi)
|Government||City hall, city council, municipal council, district council (in all states and Kuala Lumpur)|
Corporation (in Labuan and Putrajaya)
Town board (in Kudat, Sabah)
Development authority (in Bintulu, Sarawak)
Daerah (District) (Kelantan, Sabah and Sarawak)
District (Malay: Daerah; Jajahan in Kelantan; Chinese: 縣) is a type of administrative division below the state level in Malaysia. An administrative district is administered by a lands and district office （pejabat daerah dan tanah) which is headed by district officer (pegawai daerah).
In Peninsular Malaysia, a district is a subdivision of a state. A mukim (commune, sub-district or parish) is a subdivision of a district. In recent years, a mukim is however of less importance with respect to the administration of land; for land administrative purposes, major cities (e.g. Petaling Jaya) are given an equal status with mukim.
The state of Perlis is not divided into districts due to its size, but straight to the mukim level. The Federal Territories are also not divided into districts; however Kuala Lumpur is divided into several mukim for land administration purposes. Putrajaya is divided into precincts.
In East Malaysia, a district is a subdivision of a division (bahagian) of a state. For example, Tuaran is a district within the West Coast Division of Sabah. A district is usually named after the main town or its administrative capital; for example, the town of Sandakan is the capital of the Sandakan District, as well as the capital of Sandakan Division.
Some larger districts are further divided into autonomous sub-districts (daerah kecil; literally "small district") before the mukim level. This is prevalent in Sarawak and Sabah, but also seen in Peninsular Malaysia in recent years, e.g. Lojing autonomous sub-district in Kelantan. Sub-districts in Sabah, however, are not divided into mukim.
Relationship with parliament and local government
An administrative district can be distinguished from a local government area where the former deals with land administration and revenue while the latter deals with the planning and delivery of basic infrastructure to its inhabitants. Administrative district boundaries are usually congruent with local government area boundaries, but may sometimes differ especially in urbanised areas. For example, the Petaling District in Selangor is administrated by three local authorities: Petaling Jaya City Council, Shah Alam City Council and Subang Jaya Municipal Council; conversely one local authority can administer more than one district, for example Northeast Penang Island District and Southwest Penang Island District in Penang are both administrated by Penang Island City Council.
Administrative district boundaries also provide the basis of boundaries for the parliamentary constituencies in the Malaysian Parliament. However this is not always the case; in heavily populated areas e.g. the Klang Valley and Kinta Valley there is serious overlap between district, local government and parliamentary boundaries.
In the 11 states of the Peninsular Malaysia including the Federal Territories, there are townships (precint for Putrajaya) that been administered by the district office and also the state government. For a list, see Category:Mukims of Malaysia.
- Oblast, Raion
- List of capitals in Malaysia
- List of districts in Malaysia by population
- Local government in Malaysia
- "The Official Portal of the Sarawak Government". www.sarawak.gov.my.
- "Malaysia Districts". Statoids.com. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
- "Persempadanan". Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya (Election Commission of Malaysia). Retrieved 20 September 2020.
- "TABURAN PENDUDUK MENGIKUT PBT & MUKIM 2010". Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
- Lian Cheng; Peter Sibon (23 January 2016). "Call for Belaga to have own district council". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
- "Launch of Bukit Mabong, Tunoh, Kapit by the Chief Minister of Sarawak". Sarawak Regional Corridor Development Authority. 3 November 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- Lian Cheng (11 November 2016). "It's Kota Samarahan Municipal Council effective today". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
- "Laman Web Rasmi Majlis Perbandaran Kota Samarahan". mpks.sarawak.gov.my.
- Samuel Aubrey (12 April 2015). "Serian now a division". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Districts of Malaysia.|
- "Districts of Malaysia". Statoids.